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India - location, area and boundaries and administrative divisions of India

Updated on August 21, 2017

India states and union territories

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Geography of India


Geography of India is an important section when covering the subjects of UPSC. To start with the Indian geography section we have to start with the location and boundaries of India. Here we will see about the location and extent, area and boundaries and administrative divisions of India.


India and its neighbors Pakistan, Bhutan and Nepal are known as Indian Sub continent. India is the largest country in the Indian subcontinent. The name 'INDIA' is derived from the River Indus. Indus River flows through the northwest of India


Location of India


India is located in the tropical and sub tropical regions. It extends between the north latitudes 8 degrees 4' and 37 degrees 6'. The same way it extends between the east longitudes 68 degrees 7' and 97 degrees 27'.


The southern most point in India is the Indira Point. It is situated in the Nicobar islands at 6 degrees 30' north latitude. This Indira Point is previously known as Pygmalion Point. The northern most point of India is Indira Col. It is situated in Jammu and Kashmir.


Area of India


The area of India is 32,87,782 sq. km. From north to south India stretches 3,214 km and from east to west the stretch is 2,933 km. There are two coastline length measures of India. One is the length of the mainland coastline which is 6,100 km. And the second one is the combined length of the mainland and the surrounding islands which is 7,500 km.


India is the seventh largest country in the world. It occupies 2.4% of the total land area of the world. The six countries that comes before India in place with respect to area are Russia, Canada, USA, China, Australia and Brazil. With respect to population India occupies the second place, whereas in the first place stands China.


Boundaries of India


In the north, the neighbors of India are China, Nepal and Bhutan. To the northwest the neighbors are Pakistan, Afghanistan.To the East is Myanmar. Bangladesh forms almost an enclave within India. The tropic of cancer almost divides the country into two halves. To the south of the tropic of cancer the Indian land mass lies between the Bay of Bengal in the east, Arabian Sea in the west and Indian ocean in the south.


The boundary line between India and China is called MacMohan line. In the south on the east side, Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait separate India from Sri Lanka. The Indian islands are Andaman and Nicobar islands in the Bay of Bengal and Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindive islands in the Arabian sea.


Administrative divisions


At the time of independence in 1947, India was a group of hundreds of small states. These small states were organised and united to a few larger states in 1956. At that time there were 14 states and 6 union territories. From then, many divisions took place based on various perspectives. At present, there are 28 states, 6 union territories and one National capital territory.



Extreme Places of Indian land frontiers


1. On the north: the snowy lands of the Himalayan mountain system.

2. On the south: the hot and sunny Kanyakumari.

3. On the west: the salty marshes of the Rann of Kutch.

4. On the east: the virgin forests and untrampled hills.


Boundaries of India

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