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Amazing Amazon- Interesting Facts About the Amazon Rainforest

Updated on November 13, 2015
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Amazing Amazon – Interesting Facts about the Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon rainforest is the world's largest tropical rainforest and is located in the Amazon basin of South America. Such is its abundance and variety of flora and fauna that much of it, as of yet, the Western world has not documented. What we do know about the Amazon rainforest provides us with a wealth of interesting and unusual facts.


The Amazon rainforest has a total area of over 1 billion acres. This is the equivalent to approximately 2/3 of the continental USA. As well as covering more than half of Brazil, it also stretches into the countries of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Suriname, Guyana, French Guyana, Ecuador and Peru.


Approximately 200,000 people live in the Amazon rainforest itself, the vast majority of them indigenous Indians. This is in stark contrast to the1500s when approximately 10 million indigenous Indians lived there. Among these 200,000 people there are 50 tribes than have never been in contact with anyone outside of the rainforest.


Over 500 different mammals live in the Amazon rainforest including: capybaras, which are the largest rodents on earth; jaguars; spider monkeys; tapirs; vampire bats and sloths. There are also over 300 different species of reptile including the anaconda, a constrictor snake which can grow to lengths of over 20 feet, and the caiman, a species of crocodile.

The Amazon rainforest has a total area of over 1 billion acres


In the Amazon river itself there are about 30 times as many different species of fish as in all European rivers combined. These include freshwater catfish called pirarucu that can grow to over 10 feet long and electric eels capable of stunning a man. These in addition to the infamous, carnivorous red-bellied piranha.

One third of the world's species of birds live in the Amazon rainforest, amongst them macaws, toucans, herons and parrots.


A variety of evergreen broad-leaf trees make up most of the Amazon rainforest. So immense is the variety that you can find over 200 different species in just one hectare of rainforest. These trees and other rainforest plants, including the Amazon water lily which can measure over 7 feet across, produce 20 percent of the world's oxygen.

The Amazon River

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The River

The Amazon river is approximately 4000 miles long, about twice as long as the Mississippi river. Depending on the season, the Amazon river can be a wide across as 3o miles. When the Amazon floods its banks during the rainy season, its flood waters cover an area approximately the size of Oregon.

The Amazon rainforest's sheer size combined with its immense variety of wildlife, and the river itself, make it one of the most fascinating areas in the world. Although high levels of deforestation put its long term future in doubt, it remains, for now, an area where fact is indeed stranger than fiction.

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    • sjkhan profile image


      7 years ago from Pakistan

      Great and very informative hub! Thanks for sharing,voted up.

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      7 years ago

      Thank you rls8994. It's very interesting to know about these tribes - about 200 indigenous groups in the Amazon Rainforest alone, talking 180 different languages and each with their own cultural heritage! What's even more interesting is that 50 groups out of those 200 have never made contact with the outside world.

      Thanks again for stopping by, and the vote, I appreciate it. :)

    • rls8994 profile image


      7 years ago from Mississippi

      Great hub with a lot of great information. I have read a little about the tribes in the amazon and would love to know more about them. That is so interesting to me. Voted this hub up and interesting :)

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      7 years ago

      Thank you Barbara Kay. There is so much biodiversity in the Amazon tropical rainforest. I agree, you'll find many poisonous things as well. Snakes and insects being one of them, including some plant life. The good part about it is that many of these poisonous insects and plants have a medicinal value. Not for everyone to explore, but still a very important and interesting place. Thank you so much for stopping by, I appreciate it. :)

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      7 years ago

      Hi bdegiulio, Thanks! I am equally fascinated... and for good reason. The Amazon region is the world's largest tropical rain forest. I hope you do get the opportunity to visit South America, and explore this amazing area. I think the word “surreal” wouldn't even begin to describe the experience and feelings one might get, in the mighty Amazon. Thanks for stopping by, voting and sharing, I appreciate it.

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      7 years ago

      Thank you Cardisa. It's amazing how animals have a sixth sense and will migrate to other areas because of rain or the lack of it. It really is a big area with a huge concentration of rare plants and wildlife! The concern is that rainforests once covered 14% of the earth's surface; now it's about 6%. It could be completely consumed in less than 40 years. Thanks for stopping by I appreciate it. :)

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      7 years ago

      Thank you so much tammyswallow. I find the Amazon fascinating as well. Interesting enough, each tribe also has their own particular language, culture and territory. Apparently, there is one tribe called the Yanomami, which is considered one of the largest in the Amazon today! Thanks for stopping by, I appreciate it. :)

    • Barbara Kay profile image

      Barbara Badder 

      7 years ago from USA

      I've always had a real interest in the Amazon until I read a book about some people that stayed there for awhile. There are so many insects and poisonous snakes that I'm not so sure I'd like to go there now.

      You've done an excellent job covering the subject.

    • bdegiulio profile image

      Bill De Giulio 

      7 years ago from Massachusetts

      What an interesting Hub. Have always been fascinated with the Amazon and hope to visit South America some day. This was very informative and well written. Voting up and Sharing.

    • Cardisa profile image

      Carolee Samuda 

      7 years ago from Jamaica

      This is amazing...but of's the Amazon! Your hub was very easy to read and very well presented. I love watching documentaries about the animals that reside there. The last one I watched showed how the animals migrated to another section of the forest where it's going to rain because it usually floods. It is really amazing. I had no idea it was so huge with so many different species of animals, it's almost bigger than the states!

    • tammyswallow profile image


      7 years ago from North Carolina

      Fascinating! I didn't realize there were still tribes living in the Amazon. You have some of the best hubs on Hubpages.

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      8 years ago

      Thanks Sibele Cestari . That was very interesting. I appreciate you adding this piece information. I did check online regarding Dr. Ricardo Augusto Felicio, and took a look at a Youtube video about him. It does seem odd. I thank you so much for stopping by, much appreciated.

    • profile image

      Sibele Cestari 

      8 years ago

      Impressive hub, specially by the numbers. You know here in Brasil there is a crazy researcher (prof. Ricardo Augusto Felicio from USP) claiming that, if the whole Amazonic Forest were cut down, it would be regenerated in 20 years. You should see it just to be aware about what kind of distorted reality are being "sold", by people who want to keep things exactly the way they are now.

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      8 years ago

      Hi Nomascus concolor, thanks! I checked out Ecosia, interesting site! I never heard of them before so thanks for pointing that out. Interesting to know that 80% of their revenue goes towards saving a rainforest. Once again- thanks for dropping by this hub, and for the vote as well, I appreciate it.

    • Nomascus concolor profile image

      Nomascus concolor 

      8 years ago from A Country called Earth

      Very good article full of interesting information! I believe that it is our duty to preserve what humans have not detroyed yet.

      You can use Ecosia, which is an eco-friendly search engine donating 80% of its revenue to wwf in order to save the rainforest.

      Voted up and interesting

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      8 years ago

      Thank you baygirl33. I've always believed the Amazon rainforest was like the Garden of Eden. It is not only beautiful, but also the lungs of this world!

      Thanks for dropping in, I appreciate it.

    • baygirl33 profile image


      8 years ago from Hamilton On.

      Wonderful and interesting information,makes me want to go there before they make highrises out of it!

      voted up and interesting.

    • profile image

      Mina Rodriguez 

      8 years ago

      Scientists have documented also 2500 species of fish, 4 types of cats, 1500 species of birds, about 1800 species of butterflys, 200 species of mosquitoes, 50,000 species of different plant origins. Yes it is truly amazing. A very fascinating place.

    • buythebook profile image


      8 years ago

      That was real interesting. I wish to visit the rainforest one day, but I have seen documentaries on TV. I find it so enchanting to see those colorful parrots, spider monkeys, anacondas, jaguars, and to see all those other exotic creature. What an adventure that would be! Great Article!

    • Taniatravels profile image


      8 years ago

      There are lots of important species and plant life. The Heart and Lungs of the Earth, as they say. Tremendous ecosystem. I'v been to the Amazons in the early 2002 when still was studying medicine. It is truly amazing! Deforestation is a serious issue. I enjoyed reading these facts on the Amazons. It was very interesting indeed. Thanks for sharing it with us.

    • Jangaplanet profile imageAUTHOR

      A James Di Rodi 

      8 years ago

      Hi Genna East! It is one of the most important ecosystems on the planet. The rainforest biodiversity scale of destruction is alarming. Some of the types of aggressive deforestation done in recent years is all in the name of economic development. If no action is taken, it can reach a critical point! Yet it is interesting to know all about these fascinating facts about the Amazon. Thank you for dropping by to read and for the kind comment, I appreciate!

    • Genna East profile image

      Genna East 

      8 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      Fascinating hub. I didn’t realize that deforestation had hit these areas so hard...they certainly have been everywhere else. This river is an amazing microcosm in and of itself. Up and awesome. :-)


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