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Japanese Alphabet and Vocab tables

Updated on September 22, 2016

Hiragana is one aspect of the Japanese language, which is accompanied by Kanji (Characters which mean complete words), Katakana (Characters which are used to write foreign words), and in some cases rōmaji (Use of the 'western' alphabet or latin script). Hiragana is a phonetic lettering system.

Hiragana

 
A
I
U
E
O
K
G
S
Z
T
D
N
H
B
P
M
Y
X
X
R
W
X
X
X
(N)
X
X
X
X

Katakana

 
A
I
U
E
O
K
G
S
Z
T
D
N
H
B
P
M
Y
X
X
R
W
X
X
X
(N)
X
X
X
X

Kanji (Table 1)

Kanji
Japanese
English
の上に
Ue
Above, on
の下に
Shita
Below
の前に
Mae
In front of
の後に
Ushi
Behind
の中に
Naka
Inside
の外に
Soto
Outside
のとなりに
Tonari
Next to
のそばに
Soba
By
の近に
Chikaku
Near
のむかいがわに
Mukaigawa
Opposite off
~ と ~ の間に
Aida
Between ~ & ~
の左に
Hidari
Left of
の右に
Migi
Right of
San, yama
Mountain
Kawa, Sen
River
Tree
Jin, nin hito
Person
おとこ
Man
男の子
おとこのこ
Boy
おんな
Woman
女の子
おんなのこ
Girl
だい, ookii
Big
Takai
Tall, high, expensive
しょ, chiisai
Small
小学校
しょうがっこう
Elementary school
大学
だいがく
University
高校
こうこう
High school
はな
flower
Nichi
Sun
日本
にほん
Japan
ほん
Book
Tsuki, げつ
Moon, month
今月
こんげつ
This month
先月
せんげつ
Last month
来月
らいげつ
Next month
とし, ねん
Year
今年
ことし
This year
先年
せんねん
Last year
来年
らいねん
Next year
ひゃく
Hundred
せん, chi
Thousand
えん, maru
Yen
百円
ひゃくえん
Hundred yen
千円
せんえん
Thousand yen
Fire
火山
かざん
Volcano
Sui, mizu
Water
きん
Gold
金魚
きんぎょ
Gold fish
し, こ
Child
子供
こども
Child
Nyu, hairu (masu)
To enter
がく
To learn
学生
がくせい
Student
い (kimasu)
To go
み (masu)
To see
見本
みほん
Sample
き (masu)
To come
いま
Now
まい
Every
毎日
まいにち
Every day
Mei, な
Name
かみ
Paper
手紙
てがみ
Letter
Kaze
Wind
あかい
Red
あおい
Blue
Sora
Sky
青空
あおぞら
Blue sky
shiroい
White
白鳥
はくちょう
Swan
まち
Town
きta
North
みなみ
South
Higashik, tou
East
西
Nishi
West
こく, くに
Country
Tomo (dachi)
Friend
Shin, mori
Woods
森林
しんりん
Forest
Umi
Sea
海岸
かいがん
Seaside
Sakana
Fish
Tori
Bird
Uma
Horse
Inu
Dog
Neko
Cat
Ushi
Cow
Hand
Kuchi
Mouth
あし
Foot
Eye
電車
でんしゃ
Train

Kanji (Table 2)

Kanji
Japanese
English
はは
Mother
Chichi
Father
Im_to
Younger sister
Ane
Older sister
Ot_to
Younger brother
Ani
Older brother
祖母
Sobo
Grandmother
祖父
Sofu
Grandfather
てん
Heaven, sky
Atmosphere, feeling
天気
てんき
Weather
あめ
Rain
ゆき
Snow
Hare
Hare
Sunny
Kumori
Kumori
Cloudy
大雨
おおあめ
Heavy rain
Shiri (masu)
To know
おも (imasu)
To think
知恵
ちえ
Wisdom
音楽
おんがく
Music
もの
Thing
Language
物語
ものがたり
Story
A (imasu)
To meet
De (masu)
To leave
Bun, fun
Minute
Ji, toki ~doki
Time, sometimes
Kome
Rice
Kyou
Capital
Den
Department
水田
Suiden
Paddy field
Gaku
Student
U (mare masu)
To be born
I (imasu)
To say
Ugo (ki masu)
To move
Hanashi (masu)
To speak
Ie, Uchi
House

© 2016 daranth

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