ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Japanese Simplified

Updated on September 23, 2015

Japanese ways of writing

1. Romaji - Japanese writing represented in English characters.

2. Hiragana - Japanese writing used everyday and used to congregate Kanji.

3. Katakana - Japanese writing used for borrowed or foreign words.

4. Kanji - Derived from Chinese characters of writing.

English Vowels Vs. Japanese Vowels (Booin)

a e i o u = English

a i u e o = Japanese

Consonants (Shiin)

( ) How you pronounce

Ka Sa Ta Na Ha Ma Ya Ra Wa N

Ki Si (shi) Ti (chi) Ni Hi Mi I Ri I

Ku Su Tu (tsu) Nu Hu (fu) Mu Yu Ru u

Ke Se The Ne He Me e Re e

Ko So To No Ho Mo Yo Ro Wo

Syllabry (Gojuuonzu) Part 1

Ga Za Da Ba Pa

Gi Zi(ji) Di Bi Pi

Gu Zu Du Bu Pu

Ge Ze De Be Pe

Go Zo Do Bo Po

Syllabry (Gojuuonzu) Part 2

Kya Gya Sha Hya

Kyu Gyu Shu Hyu

Kyo Gyo Sho Hyo

Mya Rya Nya Bya

Myu Ryu Nyu Byu

Myo Ryo Nyo Byo

Pya Ja Cha

Pyu Ju Chu

Pyo Jo Cho

Devoiced Vowels ( Booin Nuseika )


Suki (pronounced as ski ) = Like

Kite (pronounced as kte ) = come

Long Vowels ( Chooboin, Nagaiboin )

aa ii uu ee ou/ou => May also be interpreted as double vowels


Okaasan = Mother

Otoosan = Father

Foutou = Envelope

Toori = Street

Suuji = Numeral

Oneesan = Sister

Oniisan = Brother

Biiru = Beer

Double Consonants ( Sokuon )

Note: N, before m, p, or b pronuounced as m as in my as in the Japanese word "Shinbun" meaning newspaper in English is pronounced as Shimbun.

N, before n, t, d, and z is pronounced as n as night as in the Japanese word Honda.

N, before k and g at the end of the word pronounced like ng as in King as in the Japanese word manga meaning comic book in English.

Personal Pronouns ( Ninshou Daimeishi )

Watashi = I

Anata = You

Kare = He

Kanojo = She

Watashi tachi / Ware ware (mostly by businessmen usage) = We

Possessive Pronouns

Watashino (Male) Watakushino (Female) = My, Mine

Anata no = Your

Kare no = His

Kanojo no = Hers

Watashitachi no / Ware ware no = Ours

Kanojo tachi = They (Female)

Kanojo tachi no = Their (Female)

Kare tachi / Karera = They (Male)

Kare tachi no / Karera no = Their (Male)

Note: Ra & Tachi here is the same

Informal Personal Pronouns

Boku (male mostly used by boys) = I

Ore (male) = I

Kimi = You (male)

Omae =You (male)

Mr./Ms./Mrs. = San, Sama

San,Sama is an honorific suffix used after a personal name, irrespective of gender (sex) san, sama should never be used after one's own name since this suffix is a mark of respect. Although Sama here by comparison is more honorific.


Tanaka San/Sama = Mr. or Ms. or Mrs. Tanaka

Note: San is also used or placed with regards to mountain names example is Fujisan

PARTICLES (Fuhenkashi) (Joshi)

It shows the relationship of a word, a phrase or a clause

WA = it has no English equivalent and shows that the topic preceding word or words are the topic of the sentence.

Example (Reibun)

I am a student.

Watashi wa gakusei desu.

She is mine.

Kanojo wa watashino desu.

* to the rest of the sentence. Post positions

You are my friend.

Anata wa watashino tomodachi desu.

DESU (DES) = this corresponds to the English verb "to be" on what we call as "be verb"

(is, are, was, were etc.,) it is called a copulative verb because it acts as a kind of equal sign.


He is a boy.

Kare wa otoko desu.

She is beautiful.

Kanojo wa kirei desu.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)