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Japanese Verbs

Updated on September 22, 2016

Verbs are words which describe how something has been acted upon, e.g. a state, occurrence or action. They are necessary parts of sentences, even in Japanese!

There are different forms of Japanese Verbs. The forms are broken down into groupings (1, 2, and 3).

Group 1: most i-ending verbs, e.g. kai-masu, kaki-masu, nomi-masu

Group 2: all e-ending verbs, e.g. ne-masu and the other i-ending verbs not included in Group 1 and 3, e.g. mi-masu

Group 3: two irregular verbs - shi-masu and ki-masu


Below are the Root and te Forms of a few Japanese verbs.

Group 1 Verbs

English
Formal Form
The ~ te Form
to walk
arukimasu 歩きます
aruite 歩いて
to play
asobimasu 遊びます
asonde 遊んで
to meet
aimasu 会います
atte 会って
to enter
hairimasu 入ります
haitte 入って
to begin
hajimarimasu 始まります
hajimatte 始まって
to go
ikimasu 行きます
itte 行って
to return
kaerimasu 帰ります
kaette 帰って
to take
kakarimasu かかります
kakatte かかって
to write
kakimasu 書きます
kaite 書いて
to buy
kaimasu 買います
katte 買って
to listen
kikimasu 聞きます
kiite 聞いて
to wait
machimasu 待ちます
matte 待って
to have
mochimasu 持ちます
motte 持って
to learn
naraimasu 習います
naratte 習って
to drink
nomimasu 飲みます
nonde 飲んで
to send
okurimasu 送ります
okutte 送って
to think
omoimasu 思います
omotte 思って
to swim
oyogimasu 泳ぎます
oyoide 泳いで
to know
shirimasu 知ります
shitte 知って
to sit
suwarimasu 座ります
suwatte 座って
to stand
tachimasu 立ちます
tatte 立って
to stop
tomarimasu 止まります
tomatte 止まって
to arrive
tsukimasu 着きます
tsuite 着いて
to sell
urimasu 売ります
utte 売って
to sing
utaimasu 歌います
utatte 歌って
to understand
wakarimasu 分かります
wakatte 分かって
to laugh
waraimasu 笑います
waratte 笑って
to read
yomimasu 読みます
yonde 読んで

Group 2 Verbs

English
Formal Form
The ~ te Form
to think
kangaemasu 考えます
kangaete 考えて
to see
mimasu 見ます
mite 見て
to sleep
nemasu 寝ます
nete 寝て
to teach
oshiemasu 教えます
oshiete 教えて
to eat t
tabemasu 食べます
tabete 食べて

Group 3 Verbs

English
Formal Form
The ~ te Form
to come
kimasu 来ます
kite 来て
to do
shimasu します
shite して

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