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Jefferson Davis Biography : From his birth until his death

Updated on November 24, 2017
Steve Ho Ong profile image

Steve is also an article writer when it deals with U.S Politics even he is not residing in United States.

Jefferson Davis

This is the color picture of Jefferson Davis
This is the color picture of Jefferson Davis | Source

Early Life and entering politics

Jefferson Finis Davis was born on June 03, 1808 in Christian County which is now Todd at present in Southwest Kentucky.

His parents are Samuel Davis and Jane Finis Davis some other book version was Jane Cook Davis because for them Finis is derived the Latin word means "final" because the couple wanted no more children after Jefferson.

Although the Davis family had established a farm and bred blooded horses on their Kentucky land, by 1811 the family returned to the Deep South. For a year they lived in Louisiana before moving to Wilkinson County, Mississippi. There, Jefferson Davis began his formal education at age five. Dissatisfied with his son’s school, Samuel Davis decided to send his seven year old son to be educated in Kentucky, and entered St. Thomas Aquinas Academy, which is run and operated by Dominican Friars. After nearly two years in the Dominican school, Davis returned home at the insistence of his mother.

In 1818, Davis attended Jefferson College in Mississippi before transferring to Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky.

Jefferson attended U.S military Academy at West Point and he was heavily influenced by his oldest brother, Joseph, who saw to it that he was well educated. Davis attended college in Kentucky at Transylvania before entering the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1824.

As a military cadet, Davis’ performance was only adequate. When he graduated in 1828 he placed twenty-third in a class of thirty-four. He went on to serve briefly in the Black Hawk War in 1832. While stationed under Colonel Zachary Taylor which will be the future President of the United States the following year, he met the colonel’s daughter, Sarah. Jefferson Davis married Sarah Knox Taylor on June 17,1835 in Lexington, Kentucky against her father’s wishes and that was his 1st wife. Sadly, the couple came down with bad cases of malaria or known as the yellow fever only three months after the wedding, and the young bride died on September 15, 1835.

In 1843, Davis lost race in Mississippi State legislature

In 1844, Davis met Varina Howell

On February 26,1845 he married his second wife, Varina Howell, a young woman who was only Eighteen years old at that time . Jefferson and Varina Davis eventually had six children in which, they had two girls and four boys although only their daughters lived into adulthood.

In the same year, 1845, Mississippi sent Davis to the U.S. House of Representatives. His Congressional term was short, however. He resigned in June 1846 to fight in the Mexican War where he led his troops valiantly at the battles of Monterrey and Buena Vista.He also won distinction as soldier. He was offered a promotion to Brigadier general in 1847 although refused it when he was elected to the U.S. Senate.

From 1853 up to 1857
He was appointed as Secretary of War by U.S. President Franklin Pierce. He was considered by some historians as the best to hold that office.

In 1853, President Franklin Pierce appointed Davis U.S. Secretary of War where he served with distinction and was recognized as one of the most capable administrators to hold the office. In 1857, Davis returned to the Senate as a vocal proponent of states rights. He formally withdrew from the U.S. Senate on January 21, 1861 after Mississippi seceded from the Union.

Davis as the President of the Confederate States of America

Please observed the dates of historical dates because these are very important to the American Historians and many things happen during his Presidency of Confederate States

He was the spokesman for the South because Davis was proven a champion of the Constitutional right of a state to choose and maintain its own institutions. He demanded that Congress protect slavery in the territories. In the positions he took, he considered himself as the heir of Calhoun.

After Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States, Mississippi passed an Ordinance of Secession, and Davis resigned from the Senate. Davis hoped to become head of the Army of the Confederate States. He took the oath of office on February 18,1861. He was inaugurated as regular president of the Confederacy on February 22, 1862.

On February 18, 1861, Davis was inaugurated into office. With his Vice President Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia, and I place an actual personal photo. Davis paraded through the streets of Montgomery, Alabama. As he marched to the podium to deliver his speech, a band played the "Marsailles" which is known as the French National Anthem, since the Confederacy did not have an anthem of its own. Davis then delivered a brief speech in which he wondered when there he had the ability to carry out the job that had been entrusted to him. Although, he harshly criticized the North. In his opinion, they were responsible for the collapse of the Union.

The Constitution of the Confederacy adopted in March, 1861 was modeled after the United States Constitution although it contained six important differences:
1st: the term of the President and Vice President was six years. The President was not allowed to succeed himself
2. Members of the Cabinet received seats in Congress, with the privlege of Debate. Although they could not vote.
3. Foreign slave trade was prohibited, although not slavery.
4. Congress was forbidden to make appropriations for internal improvements, to levy a protective tariff, or to give bounties.
5. A two-thirds of both houses of Congress was necessary to to admit a new state into the Confederacy or to make appropriations not requested by the heads of departments through the President.
6. The President could veto single items in appropriation bills

On May 29, 1861 Confederate Capital moved to Richmond, Virginia

On June 08, 1861, Tennessee became the 11th State to join the Confederacy

On July 1 up 3,1863 Battle of Gettysburg was 3 day fight and an important event between the Unions and the Confederate Soldiers

On November 25, 1863 Battle of Chattanooga

From May up to June 1864, there was a campaign in Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Mule Shoe, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg

On May 10, 1865, he was captured at Irwinville, Georgia by the Fourth Michigan Cavalry. He was accused of planning the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. He was never brought to trial.

On May 22, 1865, Davis was imprisoned at Fortress Monroe, Virginia. Shackled in irons and treated harshly.

Two (2) years later on May 11, 1867 Davis was released from Prison

On December 05, 1867 Treason against Davis was dropped

As the leader of Confederacy, Davis was probably not the wisest choice for U.S. President. Based on my research findings, his health was poor during the time of American Civil War. The advantage on his part is a good administrator, he proved to be a poor planner. He had difficulties with his Congress, and bitter critics condemned his management of the war. Although he acted with dignity, sincerity, and strict devotion to constitutional principle.

This is proven that Jefferson Davis is the President of Confederate States during the American Civil War and this will come out in my conclusion.

Confederate State Vice President Alexander H. Stephens

This is Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens
This is Confederate Vice President Alexander H. Stephens | Source

Battle of Fredericksburg

U.S President Abraham Lincoln lost patience with Mc Cleland because he did not follow up the Union Victory of Antietam. There is the personal photo of President Lincoln in this article in order to match the subject of my article .The President replaced him with General Ambrose E. Burnside, who decided to attack Lee at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on the Rappahannock River. The Confederates defended the town from a line of fortified hills called Marye's Heights. On December 13,1862 the Battle of Fredericksburg took place in the State of Virginia .Burnside's men tried to storm the hills ina brave although hopeless attack. Based on my historical records, the Unions lost 12,700 which is more than 12,000 Union soldiers were killed or wounded, and the Northern Army retreated. Burnside was relieved of command at his own request.

Abraham Lincoln: 16th U.S President

This is the image of U.S President Abraham Lincoln
This is the image of U.S President Abraham Lincoln | Source

Battle of Fredericksburg

This is the color picture in the Battle of Fredericksburg
This is the color picture in the Battle of Fredericksburg | Source

Robert E. Lee

This is the color picture of Robert E. Lee
This is the color picture of Robert E. Lee | Source

About his book The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government in 1881

Davis wrote a book which is entitled "The Rise and Fall of Confederate government in 1880 . This is a book written by Jefferson Davis, who served as President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War from 1861 up 1865. He wrote the book as a straightforward history of the Confederate States of America and as an apologia for the causes that he believed led to and justified the American Civil War. The book was meant to defend himself and his action to his critics.

The photo of his book is seen at after this capsule of my article.

He wrote other two books and these are A history of the Confederacy and second is An Autobiography, although neither was successful.

Rise and Fall of Confederate Government written by Jefferson Davis

This is the book of Jefferson Davis which is entitled "The Rise and Fall of Confederate Government" in 1880
This is the book of Jefferson Davis which is entitled "The Rise and Fall of Confederate Government" in 1880 | Source

On His Death

He died on December 06, 1889 at the age of 81, and was buried in New Orleans, Louisiana.By that time, the bitter feelings of the past had begun to fade. Based on the historical records that the author discovered, it was resulted to an incredible 200,000 people attended his funeral and not only that , it was the biggest funeral procession ever done in the South.

On May 31, 1893, which is after 4 consecutive years ,his body was transferred to Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia

Readers and viewers must take note that Davis was one of the important politicians in American History. For almost twenty years, he was the leading spokesman for States rights in the South. When the Confederate States seceded, he was natural choice to be president. Although some Southerners were not pleased with Davis leadership during the war, no one else with better ideas and broader popularity ever surfaced. He never enjoyed the heroic status among Southerners that Robert E. Lee achieved, although the mark he left on history was deeper.

Author's Conclusion

After the readers and viewers read the whole content of this respective article , it is therefore conclude that Jefferson Davis is proven to be the President of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War from 1861 up to 1865. He has been called a man who symbolized the solemn convictions and tragic fortunes of millions of men. He was not popular with the people of the South during the war, although he won their respect and affection after the war through his suffering in prison and also through his suffering in prison and also through his lifelong defense of the Southern cause. Davis was a statesman with wide experience. He served in the United States House of Representatives and the Senate, and as a Cabinet member. He also won distinction as soldier. He was a thoughtful student of the Constitution and of political phliosophy.

Important sources

Here are my reliable sources in this respective article which is reliable and complete:

1. The American Civil War by Paul Brewer

2. America in the time of Abraham Lincoln (1815-1869) by Sally S. Isaacs

3. Why Fight? The Causes of the American Civil War by Corrine J. Naden and Rose Blue

4. Jefferson Davis, Constitutionalist: His Letters, Papers and Speeches (10 vols., 1923) by Dunbar Rowland, ed.

5. Key Battles of the Civil War by Diane Somlinski

6. Soldiers of the Civil War also from Diane Smolinsk

7. World Book Encylcopedia letters C, D, and L

A video about Jefferson Davis in American Civil War, Facts, Biography, Education, Leadership, Early Life

A video about Jefferson Davis as a Perfect Man

Davis has six children in his 2nd wife

Jefferson Davis and Varina Howell have six (6) children

They have six children
The children were:

1.Samuel Emory Davis born July 30, 1852 and died June 13, 1854.
2. Margaret Howell Davis born Feb. 25, 1855 and died July 18, 1909
3. Jefferson Davis Jr. born Jan. 16, 1857 and died Oct. 16, 1878
4. Joseph Evan Davis born April 18, 1859 and died April 30, 1864
5. William Howell Davis born Dec. 6, 1861 and died Oct. 16, 1872
6. Varina Anne Davis born June 27, 1864 and died Sept. 18, 1898

Confederate State of America flag

Confederate State Flag
Confederate State Flag | Source

© 2017 Steve Ho Ong

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