John Paul Jones
American Legend John Paul Jones
It was during April of 1778 that American Revolutionary Hero John Paul Jones took the American Revolution to the coast line of England terrorizing the English coast line and forcing the English to keep war ships at home to protect the English coast line.
It was during April of 1778 that John Paul Jones raided the English coast , burned the docks at Whitehaven and captured the English warship , " The Drake ". He then took his forces and escaped to safety in France.
And it was this raid that forced the English to keep their war ships at home to protect the English coastline and kept those war ships away from the American coast line. It was the April 1778 raid that is said to have made up the French Governments mind to provide monetary support for the Americans.
John Paul Jones started his Naval career as an apprentice at age 13 aboard the Friendship under Captain Benson. Paul's older brother had settled in Fredericksburg Virginia and it was there that many of John Paul Jones voyages went to. Its interesting to note that John Paul Jones first sailed as a apprentice from the docks at Whitehaven. It was to those same docks that John Paul Jones and his men would return to aboard the American ship , " The Ranger " and they would burn the docks.
Jones was to return several more times to the English coastline and each time he caused terror along the English coast line. The English just simply could not believe that John Paul Jones could seemingly move at will and escape at will also. He was the first man to be assigned the rank of 1st Lieutenant in the Continental Navy on December 7th 1775 on board the American warship , The Alfred".
Command of Ranger
Despite his earlier successes at sea John Paul Jones feuded with those in higher authority like Commodore Hopkins who Jones believed was keeping Jones career from being advanced. As a result of this Jones was given the command of the small new ship , The Ranger and Jones was sent away to France with orders to help the American cause any way he could.
Jones waited patiently and quietly and then in April of 1778 he struck terrorizing the English like had never been done before. It is thought that it was during the time leading up to the April 1778 raid that John Paul Jones developed his close personal friendship with Benjamin Franklin who was in France at the time.
It was on February 6th 1778 that France signed their Treaty of Alliance with America formerly recognizing the new country of America. It was eight days later that Captain John Paul Jones and his ship Ranger would be saluted by the French with a nine gun salute.
Final Years And Death
It was in May of 1790 that John Paul Jones returned to France where he was to remain in retirement for the rest of his life. John Paul Jones died of a severe brain tumor on July 18th 1792. It was not until 1905 that Jones final resting place and remains were traced down by the US Ambassador to France Horace Porter.
John Paul Jones body was returned to the United States aboard the American Warship , The USS Brooklyn. It was on April 24th 1906 that Jones coffin was interned in Bancroft Hall at the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis Maryland. There was a ceremony presided over by then US President Theodore Roosevelt who gave the tributary speech. It was in 1916 that the Captains remains were re interned in a magnificent bronze and marble sarcophagus in the United States Naval Chapel at Annapolis Maryland.
John Paul Jones Trivia
Sir I have not yet begun to fight was John Paul Jones reply to Captain Pearson of the Serapis when Pearson demanded Jones surrender his ship , The Bon Homme Richard ,
John Paul Jones real name was John Paul. It was John Paul who later added the Jones because he liked the sound of the name better.
John Paul Jones was only 55 when he died of a brain tumor in France in 1792 and it was more than a century before his earthly remains would be returned to the United States.
For a brief period John Paul Jones was a Rear Admiral for the country of Russia.