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Jose Rizal in Spain

Updated on January 13, 2010

After Jose Rizal’s fourth year in medical studies in Santo Tomas, the University of Higher Learning in the Philippines whom Rizal was disgusted of its primitive method of instruction and the racial prejudice of Dominican Professors against Filipino students, he was brought to realization that pursuing further studies abroad will be much better.

During that time the government of Spain was constitutional monarchy where human rights were protected and considered specifically freedom of speech, of press, and of assembly that were all denied in the Philippines. Such atmosphere of freedom lured  Jose Rizal to travel to Spain not only to study but also to carry out his secret mission that he long been conceived with the approval of his brother Paciano.

Secret Mission – to observe keenly the life and culture, languages and customs, industries and commerce, and governments and laws of the European nations in order to prepare himself in the mighty task of liberating his oppressed people from Spanish tyranny.

His Journey for Spain

The departure of Jose Rizal for Spain was kept secret from Spanish authorities, friars and even to his parents especially to his mother because she would not allow him to go. Only handful of family members and trusted family friends were informed. In order to avoid detection, he used the name Jose Mercado, name of his cousin in Calamba. Before his departure, he scribbled farewell letters to his parents and his sweetheart Leonor Rivera.

On May 3, 1882 he boarded on Salvador bound for Singapore. He was the only Filipino passenger. The captain of the ship, Donato Lecha from Asturias Spain, befriended him although some Spaniards who spoke ill of the Philippines peeved him. To while away his boredom he played chess and always came out victorious for he was truly a good chess player. They landed on Singapore on May 9 and registered to Hotel de la Paz and spent a couple of days sightseeing.

Studies Completed in Spain

He was conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 21, 1884. The next academic year, he studied and passed all subjects leading to the degree of Doctor of Medicine. However, he did not submit the thesis required for graduation nor paid the corresponding fees. He was not awarded his Doctor’s Diploma.

Jose Rizal also finished his studies in Philosophy and Letters with  higher grades. He was awarded the Degree of Licentiate in Philosophy and Letters by the Universidad Central de Madrid on June 19, 1885 (his 24th birthday) with the rating of excellent.

 

 

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    • profile image

      joanne samsona 

      5 years ago

      hehe .. om think some of the infos are maybe crank ...

    • profile image

      ADRIAN RAY 

      6 years ago

      Jose Rizal was great heroes in the world you know why?one important thing that can apply to myself Rizal is the one example to the people. thank you JOSE RIZAL .

    • profile image

      unladydAy 

      6 years ago

      We helpful to obtain on top of lifestyle however recently I've accumulated the amount of resistance.

    • profile image

      donio aranas 

      7 years ago

      i love also reading history of rizal

    • profile image

      Dudes...:/ 

      7 years ago

      Welcome:)

    • profile image

      jaymar 

      7 years ago

      thank you

    • profile image

      wewe 

      7 years ago

      ew..??

    • profile image

      oer_christian182" 

      7 years ago

      thanks !! Now i know.. hahahah.. God Bless...

    • profile image

      MInato 

      7 years ago

      Tuone,, is it necessary to read his Spanish writings?? for me it is ok if not..

    • profile image

      Tuone Udaina 

      7 years ago

      You praise José Rizal so much, but none of you are able to read his writings in their original language which is no other but Spanish... Shame on you!

    • profile image

      azhirmae 

      7 years ago

      Early in the life, Rizal saw if not himself felt the humiliation of his co-Indio’s in the hands of the Spaniards, would you say that these where mere incidents as they were firm up his resolve to fight for political reform later on? What role would analysis of situation play?

    • profile image

      tokyo 

      8 years ago

      ..life of Rizal is so much intriguing

      ..he is truly a true filipino.. MABUHAY!!!!

    • profile image

      lovekorizal 

      8 years ago

      thanks,., kasi may isasgot na ko sa midterm namin hehehe ,., and add in my stock knowledge,.. :)salamt ulit,., proud to be pinoy!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      BENJIE ABENOMAN 

      8 years ago

      THANK YOU RIZAL FOR THE FREEDOM!

    • profile image

      rjay verde 

      8 years ago

      tnx.it help me to know wats rizal life anf work,.,.,

    • profile image

      dHanNaH_o16 

      8 years ago

      ...me t0o...i l0ve hIst0rY bEcAusE it wAs aN iNtErEstIng subjEcT hErE iN CBSUA!!!!!!...i AgReE w/u mArK!!!!^_^, hEhEhE...,,,,,,tHaNkS mA'aM jElyN! sALudO akO xAu mA'am sA pgtUrO nyO ng rIzAl's lIfE....uR thE bESt hErO JOSE RIZAL!!!!!!

    • profile image

      MARK ANTHONY BLAZA 

      8 years ago

      .... I LOVE HISTORY SUBJECT ESPECIALLY THE LIFE,WORKS AND WRITINGS OF OUR PHILIPPINE NATIONAL HERO, JOSE RIZAL!

    • profile image

      Fool 

      8 years ago

      thanks! it helped me a lot. and gave me an idea through rizal's mission.

    • profile image

      Cai 

      8 years ago

      ..

      it nice to read this a little info about rizal!..

    • profile image

      jackaz 

      8 years ago

      thank you for the information about Rizal's life. i was able to understand why he proclaimed the National Hero.

    • profile image

      junax 

      8 years ago

      tanx a lot for rizal info.... it helps me in my subject

    • profile image

      jeannylie 

      8 years ago

      thanks for giving us imformation..though itis short but complete ang meaningful..it helps me a lot.

    • profile image

      jenny 

      8 years ago

      it helps me much on my research

    • profile image

      zeck 

      9 years ago

      Thanks for the secret mission of Dr,Jose Rizal. ^_^

      GOD BLESS !

    • profile image

      zeck 

      9 years ago

      Thanks for the secret mission of Dr,Jose Rizal. ^_^

      GOD BLESS !

    • profile image

      jean marie untalan 

      9 years ago

      thanks for the small yet meaningful idea because it gave me a vast understanding on the said or pertain topic about Rizal's life.%Pr

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