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July 3rd 1914 (Friday) (1914.07.03) Events, Actions, and Births
Summary of Friday, 3rd July, 1914
As far as days of importance for world events goes there were few notable events on this day; however, for those involved in those events that did occur, it was momentous.
In Austria, the progress of the coffins of the Archduke Ferdinand and his wife Sophia can be found here.
In Canada, previous immigration legislation led to the denial of entry of Indian British citizens, who had arrived on the 'Komagata Maru'. This was momentous enough, but the final outcome for some was even more momentous. On arrival back in India they were arrested for criminal activity, and when they protested shots were fired, and more than 20 were killed.
In Simla, an accord was signed regarding Tibet. This was momentous, as it defined the role of the Republic of China in Tibetan affairs, and set the borders between Tibet and China, and Tibet and British India.
In the United States, the 'Public Health Report' for July 3rd, reported incidents of bubonic plague in New Orleans, and California. Although these incidents were from previous days, the New Orleans outbreak continued through Friday, with an eventual death toll of ten, from thirty known cases.
Additionally, I can find no reports of celebrity deaths on July 3rd, 1914.
The Area in New Orleans of Plague, 1914
Plague Reported in New Orleans
The following report appeared in the Public Health Reports of July 3rd, 1914:
The United States Public Health Service reported the occurrence of a case of plague in New Orleans, in a native of Sweden, 49, who had been in the city since June 16th, 1914. The patient died on June 28th.
A second case occurred to a white person, 54, who it appeared occupied a room next to case no. 1, at the home of the Volunteers of America, at 713, St. Joseph Street. The outbreak was due to rats and the warehouse district around Lafayette Square was quarantined.
Subsequently, thirty people became infected, with ten deaths.
It also came to light from the same journal that a case of human bubonic plague had occurred at Walnut Creek, California on June 8th, in a 38 year old lithographer on the San Francisco Examiner. The infection was from ground squirrels.
Also in that journal, it was reported that a plague-infested squirrel had been found the week ending June 6th, 1914, in Contra Costa County, California.
The Indians View on the Incident
A Continuous Journey (Part 1)
A Continuous Journey (Part 2)
A Continuous Journey (Part 3)
Komagata Maru Incident
Order for deportation of 356 Sikhs, Muslims, and Hindus who had arrived at Vancouver on the 'Komagata Maru'
Gurdit Singh, a wealthy businessman, when in Hong Kong, had learned about the plight of Indians who wanted to immigrate to Canada, but could not.
In order to overcome the fact that steamship companies would not sell tickets to Indians for this journey, he bought the 'Komagata Maru' and sailed to Vancouver with 376 Sikhs, Muslims, and Hindus, from Punjab, India.
The ship sailed from Hong Kong, but stopped at Shanghai and Yokahama, among others (which is significant).
When the ship arrived at Vancouver, British Colombia, Canada, the passengers were not allowed to disembark.
Only 22 of them were finally admitted into Canada.
The ship was eventually forced to return to India, although all intended immigrants were British citizens.
This was one of several incidents in the history of early 20th century based around contrived immigration exclusion laws, passed in both Canada and the United States, which were designed to keep out immigrants of mainly Asian origin.
The Opposite View on the Incident
The Simla Accord Comes Into Effect
In Simla, Ivan Chen, the Republic of China plenipotentiary, rejected the accord, and withdrew, leaving the British (Sir Arthur Henry McMahon) and Tibetan (Lonchen Ga-den Shatra Pal-jor Dorje, Dalai Lama) plenipotentiaries to attach a note to the tripartite agreement, concerning the status of Tibet, to the effect that China would be denied any privileges under the accord.
The Simla Accord was then sealed as a bilateral agreement.
- “Done at Simla this third day of July, A.D., one thousand nine hundred and fourteen, corresponding with the Chinese date, the third day of the seventh month of the third year of the Republic, and the Tibetan date, the tenth day of the fifth month of the Wood-Tiger year.”
The Accord had two major aspects:
Tibet would be classified as 'Outer Tibet', and 'Inner Tibet'. Accordingly, China would remain de jure sovereign of Tibet, but would have to accept Tibet's full internal autonomy
The boundary between Tibet and China, and between Tibet and British India (the McMahon Line) would be set.
Births on 3rd July, 1914
Johannes Gerrit (Johan) Bodegraven
was born at Tiel to Cornelis and Cornelia Bodegraven, and went on to become a Dutch radio host for NCRV until 1979.
He died at Hilversum on March 3rd, 1993.
was born in Sandy, Oregon. He became an American music composer for film and television, including many Disney films, and was nominated for four Academy Awards. He became a Disney Legend in 2001.
He died of a heart attack at Portland, Oregon, on May 23rd, 1983.
was born at Mönchengladbach, and became a German footballer, who played for Germany in the 1936 Olympic Games.
He died at Mönchengladbach on June 20th, 1998.
Marmaduke Thomas St. John “Pat” Pattle
South African future World War II fighter pilot and 'ace', was born in Butterworth, Eastern Cape. He became a squadron leader and received the “DFC and Bar”.
He was killed battling battling Messerschmitt Bf 110's near Athens in 1941, after having more than 50 'kills' to his name, including 5 kills in a day, on three occasions.
was born at Benton, Illinois, and became an American race car driver, having success in midget car racing, but without success in the AAA National Series.
He died after competing in the hottest Indianapolis 500 in history (45 degrees centigrade), from heat exhaustion, on May 30th, 1953.