ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The pet trade is impacted by the world trade in animals

Updated on January 1, 2017
Bob Bamberg profile image

Bob has been in the pet supply business and writing about pets, livestock and wildlife in a career that spans three decades.

Source

And How Does An International Agreement Impact The Pet Trade?

If you visit accredited zoos, aquariums or natural science museums you might come across graphics that refer to CITES (rhymes with nighties).

And you may not come away with a clear understanding of just what CITES is. It's difficult to explain on a sign.

The trade in wild animals and plants knows no borders, therefore it requires international cooperation to safeguard various species from being over-exploited.

CITES is an acronym which stands for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.

The momentum for CITES began gathering in the 1960’s, and text of the Convention was agreed upon at a meeting of 80 countries in Washington DC back in 1973.

It isn't an organization or governmental agency. It's an agreement between governments, which CITES documents refer to as States.

States that agree to comply with the convention are referred to as Parties.

The agreement attempts to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their very survival.

Today, there are 176 Parties. They all adhere to the Convention voluntarily and, while the Convention is legally binding on the Parties, it does not take the place of national laws.

Each State must pass legislation to guarantee that CITES is implemented in that country.

Source

International wildlife trade is estimated to be worth billions of dollars a year and to cover millions of plant and animal specimens.

While that conjures up images of tigers and ivory being poached, the trade is quite diverse.

In addition to live animals and plants, wildlife products such as food, clothing, wooden musical instruments, timber, tourist trinkets and medicines are covered by the Convention.

The agreement provides varying degrees of protection to more than 5,000 species of animals and 29,000 species of plants, whether they are traded as live specimens, fur coats or dried herbs.

Here’s a recent success story: because China is a Party to the Convention, four tons of African ivory were seized by authorities in Hong Kong in October, 2012.

The haul was worth $3.4 million dollars ($26.7 million in Hong Kong currency). Seven people were arrested.

Source

CITES is among the largest conservation agreements in existence and since the Convention was adopted, no species protected by CITES has gone extinct as a result of trade.

Lest you think that the CITES folks must conduct bake sales and car washes to exist, here’s how they’re funded:

There is a CITES Trust Fund which accepts contributions from the Parties based on the United Nations scale of assessment.

The scale is adjusted since not all members of the United Nations are Parties to the Convention.

Source

There are other sources of funding as well. The European Commission provides money for a number of activities, and the United States paid for new laptops for all staff members, which replaced the old 2003 computer workstations.

Other major donors include the nations of Denmark, France, Germany, China, Japan, Norway, Qatar, Sweden, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

And, like scientists the world over, they like to party now and then.

CITES celebrated its 35th anniversary in 2010, so Switzerland provided funding for an official reception at the Museum of Natural History in Geneva.

The Swiss also provided funds for the purchase of video-conferencing equipment.

If you're interested in learning more about this agreement, here’s the link.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)