Juvenile Offenders And Their Criminal Behavior Pattern
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The topic of this discussion is Juvenile Offenders. Juvenile Offenders are among one of the biggest problems that face this country. During the research it was learned the Juvenile Offenders are increasing in number by 36%. It was also learned that the rate of Juvenile Offenders is expected to continue to increase until 2020.
Researching the topic of Juvenile Offenders was a learning experience. Learning the facts relating to the young people of this country was numbing. According to the National Report for Juvenile Offenders 23% are ordered to reside in residential facilities for troubled youth.
The age group researched was 1 – 17. The first piece of literature is a documented study of how the first library was stated for incarcerated teenagers. The age group for this report is 12 – 14 years of age. The literary focus was New York’s most troubled youth. It gave a very informative, detailed fact-filled account of how the State of New York began its first library for Juvenile Delinquents. A woman by the name of Rebecca Howlett, who was a Social Studies teacher spearheaded and birthed the plan of developing libraries for teenagers who are living within walls that are surrounded with barbed wire and closed gates.
In my opinion the study was very specific and gave an account of how teens lived within prisons with very little chance of receiving an education that would assist them in obtaining their high school diploma. It also gave a historical and educational
background of the Passages Academy Bridges program. This literature also provided data to inform the reader of the probability of a youth committing a crime a second time. For example it gives clarity to those unfamiliar with the subject that if an individual is incapable of reading above the 5th grade level the more likely they are to become a repeat offender.
The piece of literature being examined is Correctional Education From The Perspective of the Prisoner Student. The literature presented some very compelling statistics relating to Juvenile Offenders and the emphasis that’s needed to insure programs for correctional education. In studying the literature the learning experience gathered from the research gave detailed reasons why the necessity of including education during a Juvenile Delinquents imprisonment is of vast importance.
The methodology for the correctional educational from the perspective of the prisoner study used four major factors:
1.)Learn the previous educational and job history of delinquents.
2.)Learn how delinquents perceive correctional education in prison.
3.)How are students motivated to attend class.
4.)Learn the psychological history of the delinquent and how it induces the delinquent to commit crimes.
According to the research it is learned that 40% of young offenders return to jail in 3 years or less. Delinquents that secure a GED while incarcerated were individuals who are more likely to return to prison. However, it is also learned that delinquents who obtain post-secondary educational courses while incarcerated are less likely to return to prison. During the research of Juvenile Offenders there were very little findings for delinquents who were sentenced to alternative programs such as wilderness and adventure programs. The adventure programs which are considered to be for the last resort or the lost cause delinquent showed some findings of success, but very little information was found.
During the research project of Juvenile Offenders a very interesting piece of literature was selected for the third article Rehabilitation For Young Offenders in Hong Kong.
While studying the literature on Hong Kong it was learned that the country focuses on stimulating Juvenile Delinquents by teaching them how to reconnect with society in a positive way. The methodology used five major components:
- Assessment and Programs
- Educational Programs
- Vocational Training, and Job Skills
- Psychological Services
- Rehabilitation and Supervision
It was learned the majority of delinquent crimes were shoplifting and serious assault crimes. It was also learned a large number of young people were committing crimes due to the abuse of psychotropic drugs. Overall in researching the subject, and evaluating and three articles the commonality of Juvenile Delinquents being a major issue in the United States and other countries is of grave concern. In Hong Kong there was a 4% rise in juvenile crimes for young people age 10 – 15 years of age since 2005. Presently in Hong Kong there are 23 correctional institutions, 3 residential houses, four rehabilitation centers, and a center for illegal immigrants. Hong Kong was included in the research project of Juvenile Delinquents points out the severity of the problem, and the issue being of a worldwide nature.
Correctional Education From The Perspective Of The Prisoner Student, Renee Smiling Hall, Jim Killacky, Journal of Correctional Education, Lanham: Dec. 2008; Vol. 59, Iss. 4; pg. 301
Rehabilitation for Young Offenders in Hong Kong Correctional Institutions, Kai Yung (Brian) Tam, Mary Anne Heng, Journal of Correctional Education, Lanham: March, 2008, Vol. 59, Iss. 1; pg. 49
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