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Kannada language-the rich treasure of India

Updated on November 24, 2011
Modern Kannada script. On this tablet is written the first kannada inscription-(of 450 A.D.)in modern script
Modern Kannada script. On this tablet is written the first kannada inscription-(of 450 A.D.)in modern script

Kannada-What is it?

  Kannada is a language prevailing in Karnataka,A south Indian state. It is the native language of this state. This state has about six crore population and kannda is the state language in administration. about 80%people here know kannada and use it.People who speak this language , or live in Karnataka as permanent settlers are called Kannadigas. Many kannadigas have migrated to outside places like Mumbai where about 1million kannadigas live. It is easy to learn kannada.kannada-english dictionaries are available.

Many kannadigas live in other counrtieslike-England, U.S.A., Australia. and some other European countries. In Newyork alone, about 15,000 Kannada speaking people are living. Some of these people have served their domicile countrues by rendering kannada translations of good ;iterery works in those languages.

There are many kannadaspeakers'associations in America. The federation of their association is Called 'AKKA'which , in Kannada means-Elder sister.This association is convening annual conventions in different parts of America every year and helping their mother state in different ways.


Kannada language has 50 alphabets.THESE ALPHABETS EXPRESS ALMOST EVERYSOUND IN THE language.So, Kannada is a phonetic language, unlike Englih, which is a non-Phonetic language.Kannada has its own script developed over centuries.


Kannada is recognised as 'Classical language' recently, by the union Governamnet of india.That means, it has a heritage of over 1500 years. Stone insriptions of 5th century A.D. are found in Kannada.While english litereture starts from 11th century( by Geoffery Chausser) Kannada literery history starts earlier to that and in more matured way.Pampa- was the first kannada poet according to available scripts. But, there is illustration of poets earlier to him. Their scripts have not yet been secured.

 Dr.H.P.Nagarajaih and his scholor wife Dr.Kamala Hampana.the prominent among contemporary scholors
Dr.H.P.Nagarajaih and his scholor wife Dr.Kamala Hampana.the prominent among contemporary scholors

Ranna, ponna ,Chavunda Raya, were the other famous poets of 10th century. In 11th century many scholars wrote books on medicine, and such other useful sciences. Nagachandra was the other poet lived in that century. Jains began the writing of classical epics in kannada, in 10th century.

In 12th century, Kannada literature took another form.Poetry with the ease of prose came in vogue. These are called ‘Vachanas’.Basavanna, Allamaprabhu. Akkamahadevi, etc were famous in this form. This vachana literature was the bye-product of social reform against unaccountability etc .There are about 25,000 vachanas available as on now.

Kannada grammar, dictionaries etc, were also compiled during this period.


Presently, Kannada literature is flourishing at the peak. The prestigious ‘Jnanapeeta Award’ has been bagged 8 times by kannada authors. Kuvempu,D.R.Bendre, K.S.Narasimha Swamy etc were the celebrated poets of recent years whose poems are being sung in all parts where kannadigas live. Among contemporary scholors are Dr.Hampa Nagarajaiah, Dr.Kamala Hampana,Dr.M.M.kalburgi, Dr.M.Chidananda Murthy etc, have contributed much for the advancement of study of linguistics. Epigraphy, history, etc.There are many scholora who are working in the field of kannada translation, imrove kannada dictionary, etc.

To help foreigners to learn kannada,kannada-english dictionary was first prepared almost 100 years ago by a German Bishop Rev.Ferdinand Kittel, whose services kannadigas cannot forget.


Many website are there to inform you about kannada and day to-day affairs of Karnataka. Kannadigas living in other countries also have formed websites of their own and giving news in English to fecilitate other readers. One such important website is: from Kannadigas living in Australia

Other website related to Kannada and kanndigas are as follows:

This is the web version of a famous kannada daily-Kannada prabha.

This is the e-version of famous kannada weekly magazine-Sudha

This website is owned by kannada leading daily-Prajavani.This is being run for the past 10 years.

This is another website related to kannada and Karnataka.

This website founded by Mr.Sheshadri vasu. From here you can download kannada script software.This also has kannada-English dictionary

Here, kannada blogs are published

Here you can know about kannada literature, music, cooking, cinema,tourist places. Etc.

Not only these, there are many more kannada websites.

Please have a look at them:and, understand, how much achievement is made in a language less known to you.


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    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 3 years ago from Tumkur

      Thank you A. Indraprabha

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      Aindrapramada 3 years ago

      Good topic.... Kannada & Tamil are very old contemperory languages originating from protodravidian language which is lost as mentioned by Shri Prasad Jain. Kannada, especially old Kannada is an independent Dravidian language with no dependency on Sanskrit. Poets / writers as recent as Dr Masti used pure Kannada in their writings...just listen. to 'Nesara Nodu' song or 'Bettada Tudiyalli' song from Kakana Kote film.

      Telugu emerged later. Last in the list was Malayalam which separated itself from Tamil at a later date as it wanted to incorporate, retain and profusely use Sanskrit in it. Malayalam / Kerala is culturally rich with lot of Sanskrit culture. It is only the fanatic attitude that makes Tamil a conservative language 9still Sanskrit words are used profusely without a common Tamilian knowing the word's 'vyutpatti'. Jai Kannadaambe. In the words of hiremagaluru KannanSIRIGANNADAM GALLI GALLIGE

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 4 years ago from Tumkur

      No,Tamil doesn't comes from Kannada. Both Tamil and Kannada, along with Malayalam and Telugu,belong to Dravida Bhasa Pariwar, and have emerged from one root language called 'Proto-Dravidian language'.That's why, there is similarity among these languages.Tamil evolved first from Proto Dravidan language as an independent branch.Kannada emerged later, after some 300 years,then Telugu and lastly, Malayam.But Tamil has retained much of its Dravidian characteristics and received less from Samskrit. Other 3 languages generously received from Samskrit. North Indian languages-like Hindi, Marathi, Rajasthani, Oriya etc..belong to 'Arya Bhasha Pariwar. English also belongs to same group.So, there is similarity between English and Samskrit.

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      MARUTI 4 years ago

      KANNADA is great language, tamil language also coming from KANNADA language. compare to tamil, kannada is big language. jai kannada

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 5 years ago from Tumkur

      That's untrue.Tamil, Kannada,Telugu and Malayalam, and also Konkni, belong to group of Dravidian languages. These languages originated from a 'Proto -Dravidian language' which is now extinct. Because of this, there is similarity among South Indian languages.Tamil has retained purposefully many of the proto Dravidian words and affixes.It has wilfully kept many of Sanskrit words out of use.That means, it is less influenced by Sanskrit both in its grammar and vocabulary. Other South Indian languages opened up themselves to absorb items from Sanskrit.There is no truth in arguing that All languages have come from Tamil.Linguists like Dr. Caldwell, Prof.T. Burrow etc have studied in detail about thse aspects.

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      ravi 5 years ago

      although not as rich as Tamil...kannada and all south indian languages are derived from tamil only,then how u could say kannada is best. 80% of kannada words are derived from tamil is an universal truth

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      Ganesh s raj 5 years ago

      it is very usefull to our students thank you

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 5 years ago from Tumkur

      Thank you ht odd.Many foreigners, especially germans have worked much for kannada

    • htodd profile image

      htodd 5 years ago from United States

      Every language is rich ..We should take it seriously Every language

    • profile image

      basu 6 years ago


      I have lot of Kannada Novel soft copies (Authors: Triveni,BV Ananthram, SLB, Yandamuri, Saisute, MK Indira, KP Tejaswi, Karant, etc etc), If anyone want please send me mail at, i will send download links .


      Basavaraj S G

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 6 years ago from Tumkur

      We cannot say that a language is more powerful or not. Every language is developed in such a way that it fulfills the need of its users. But due to technological/ scientific developments, a language suffers vocabulary in that particular aspect.But ,a s far as literrrrary ability is concerned, Kannada was much ahead of English

    • profile image

      sanganagouda 6 years ago

      I think Kannada is more powerful than even English, in apt expression of thoughts.

      Its grammatical structure is quite easy to understand as well as powerful to bring out thoughts and feelings.

    • profile image

      Avinash 7 years ago

      M vry thankful 4 posting informtin about my mother tongue..we d people shal conserve dis rich culture and dis beauty language..wer ever we go,how ever we be,respect d mother tongue..

      Jai karnataka..

      Siri gannadam gelge..

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      Best Language 7 years ago

      Very interesting information and great hub. I'm a native English speaker, but, I've been fortunate enough to have the opportunity to learn Russian and Chinese while staying in these countries. I often wish that language students would look beyond Spanish and French. These languages are amazing, but, the languages of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China) countries are on another level!

    • profile image

      somesh 7 years ago

      thanks for posting info on kannada... it was a very powerful language which ruled india.

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      kris 8 years ago

      very good, useful and decent information about my mothertongue,logically and phonetically best language.hope many great kannadigaa contribute to this site. dhanyavadagalu. sirigannadam gelge......

    • Purple Perl profile image

      Purple Perl 8 years ago from Bangalore,India

      Thanks PrasadJain for enumerating the rich cultural heritage that we Kannadigas possess and are willing to share with the world.

      For those wanting to learn Conversational Kannada,

      Or visit my blog,

    • profile image

      Raja Rao 8 years ago

      Congrats for telling the world about Kannadamy language that has very good literery history and quality.Informative hub

    • heysmarty0 profile image

      heysmarty0 8 years ago

      Very nicely written, India is rich in culture and many different languages are spoken here. Thanks for a great hub !

    • prasadjain profile image

      Dr.S.P.PADMA PRASAD 8 years ago from Tumkur

      Thanks for your hearty comments knell63

    • knell63 profile image

      knell63 8 years ago from Umbria, Italy

      Very interesting read, I knew there were a lot of different languages in India so its nice to find out more about them. I speak Welsh so know how important it is to promote and encourage peoples knowledge of a minority tongue. Good hub.