ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Kinds and Uses of Fertilizer

Updated on November 7, 2009

 

Kinds and Uses of Fertilizer


Fertilizers are substances added to the soil that are able to increase soil fertility.

2 Kinds of Fertilizer:

1.    Organic fertilizer or natural fertilizer

is fertilizer made of decayed plants and animal waste.

2.    Inorganic fertilizer or artificial fertilizer

consists of commercially prepared fertilizers such as ammonium sulfate, super­phosphate and muriate of potash.

Ways of Applying Fertilizers:

1.    Band application

—        is done by digging furrows around each plant

2.    Broadcast method

is done by scattering fertilizers uniformly on the soil

3.   Side dressing/. localized application

- application of fertilizers close to the seed or around the growing plant

4.   Foliar application

— is done by dissolving fertilizer in water and applying through a spray

 

Organic Fertilizers:

1.   Animal Manure - contains much organic materials valuable to the growth of crops. It should be dried before it is applied to the soil as fertilizers.

2.   Green Manure - planting leguminous crops over the areas and when they bear flowers, they are plowed and left to the soil until they decompose and become fertilizers for the crops.

3.   Composting - the process of changing plant and animal waste into the simplest organic materials used as fertilizer.

Common Methods of Composting:

1.   Compost pit method - done by digging a pit big enough to accommodate cut grass and other dried plants in the garden.

2.   Compost heap method - organic matter are piled just on top of the ground without digging a pit.

 

Function of the 3 major fertilizer elements:

1.   Nitrogen - gives a dark color to the plants and promotes their growth. It increases the protein contents of the food crops.

2.   Phosphorus - aids in root development, flowering and seed formation. It pro­motes the rapid growth of plants and hastens maturation of crops.

3.   Potassium - increases vigor and disease resistance in plants. It strengthens the straw, stalks and stems of the plants.

 

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      rachelle 10 months ago

      thanks you give me an idea

    • profile image

      shaira 2 years ago

      it gves idea...thnks a lot

      \

    • profile image

      alice 3 years ago

      USELESS!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image

      ashley 3 years ago

      GOOD!!!

    • profile image

      dcjohn 3 years ago

      this is my topic of reporting. Easy to understand

    • profile image

      kirstos ayele daniel 3 years ago

      Idid not explain eaisly becous i am learned about all things fastly so i like very much this portion and also institution.so i wil use always this portion.im satisfyed more and more!

    • profile image

      lucci 4 years ago

      its nice but i did not found what i need.

    • profile image

      prabhjot 4 years ago

      thanks for this information and I prepare my project file

    • profile image

      roma 5 years ago

      thanks for the information it helps me a lot.

    • profile image

      mika 5 years ago

      . . .wow its good heheh

    • profile image

      Mitesh makwana 5 years ago

      Such a nice . . .

    • profile image

      Bala Samuel 5 years ago

      Please i have Nce from kogi aistatecollege ofEducation Ankpa, in Department of Agricultural Education,iwhattoknowmoreaboutanythingthatinvolved,or partain Agricultural

    • profile image

      Forgiveness 5 years ago

      Thanks for u make d preparation of my note complete.

    • profile image

      rizyl fabillar 5 years ago

      its great we can learn something how we can chose the best fertilizers for our plants

    • profile image

      Te-a Ramhlun south 5 years ago

      Its a very good site but i did not found what i want

    • profile image

      celina buella 5 years ago

      it is very good answer

    • profile image

      ikegulu obiora 6 years ago

      not bad but more explanation is still needed

    • profile image

      stefe 6 years ago

      stupid

    • profile image

      Ken 6 years ago

      thanks for this now i know what to answer in my exam!

    • profile image

      Ken 6 years ago

      thanks for this now i know what to answer in my exam!

    • profile image

      stan the man 6 years ago

      awesome*high pitch voice*

    • profile image

      sxyg 6 years ago

      awesome

    • profile image

      humper 6 years ago

      its okay.......NO!!!!!!!!!! its GREAT

      facts that help me a lot

    • profile image

      gayho 6 years ago

      awesome lolololollolololololololololololololololololololololololol

    • profile image

      kireeti 6 years ago

      dengai be badcow!langakodaka

    • profile image

      jhenny 6 years ago

      oh thanks for this sight idid my assignment very well

    • profile image

      AMULYA 7 years ago

      IT'S WONDERFUL!

      IT'S NICE!

      WOW!

      -@MUL.