Knowledge of Indian mathematics spread to Italy from the Arabs
Aryabhatta was the famous mathematician of the Gupta period
The Arabs who came to India as merchants were also interested in India knowledge. They compiled and translated the books of Indian astronomy, science, mathematics and literature. Knowledge of Indian mathematical spread to Italy from the Arabs the Arabs and then to the rest of Europe during the Medieval Period.
Apastamba discovered the mathematical calculation for the setting up of altars for sacrifices, in the second century BC. By the third century AD, Indian Mathematics was well developed. The decimal system, along with the concept of the zero was followed in mathematics. By AD 500, the Indians had discovered the Zero and used it as a number in arithmetic.
Aryabhatta was the famous mathematician of the Gupta period. His great work is the Aryabhatiya, which deals with the rule deals with the rules related to the solving of problems in algebra, geometry and trigonometry. His other great composition, the Surya Siddhanta, proved that the earth revolves around the Sun and rotates on its own axis. He has also funded out the causes of the solar and lunar eclipses. A great master of mathematics, he calculated the exact circumference of the earth by speculation.
Brahmagupta was another mathematician of the Gupta period. He wrote the Brahma Sphutic Siddhanta in verse and laid the foundation of the law of gravitation.
Varahamihira was the greatest astronomer of the sixth century AD. His celebrated work, the Brihad Samhita, deals with mathematics, astronomy, botany and physical geography. He discovered the planetary system, the movement of the Moon around the earth and that of the earth around the Sun. His other works are Pancha Siddhantika, Brihat Jataka and the Laghu Jataka. He was influenced by Greek astronomy.
Charaka and Sushruta were the famous physicians of the secondary century AD. Charaka is considered as the founder of Indian medicine'. His encyclopaedia mentions about diseases and herbs. Sushruta was the most outstanding surgeon of the period.
Vrihad Vagbhata was a well known physician of the Gupta Age. Guided by Charaka, he wrote his treatise called the Astanga – hridaya. Another physician of this age was Dhanwantari. He composed Astanga Sangraha, Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita.