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Lawrence's Goldfinch from the Wild West

Updated on March 1, 2015

Read first:

For the meanings of bird parts which you do not understand in this Hub, see my bird glossary.

If what you want is not in there, please let me know so that I can add it into the glossary.

Picture of John Cassin & George N. Lawrence

John Cassin (1813-1869) George Lawrence asked John to decide on the bird's name.
John Cassin (1813-1869) George Lawrence asked John to decide on the bird's name. | Source
George Newbold Lawrence (1806 – 1895), an American businessman and amateur ornithologist Had Lawrence's Goldfinch named after him.
George Newbold Lawrence (1806 – 1895), an American businessman and amateur ornithologist Had Lawrence's Goldfinch named after him. | Source

Interesting facts:

In 1850, George Newbold Lawrence had his colleague, John Cassin, name this bird for him. George Newbold Lawrence, from New York, was both a businessman and an ornithologist.

This species has no known subspecies, making it especially homogenous. After being tested at 23 sites which were all unrelated, with no genetic change among the birds tested, at least according to one study.

As you are familiar with most migratory birds moving northward and southward between seasons, these birds move mostly to the east and west.

A couple of other names are Chardonneret gris from the French and Dominiquito de Lawrence, Jilguero gris from the Spanish.











Size:

Being a measurement of 4.5” – 4.75”, this bird is in the middle of the goldfinch group. Wingspan: When it is in flight the wings spread to an 8.25”. Weight: It definitely weighs more than the Lesser Goldfinch but almost as much as the American Goldfinch sometimes. It generally weighs 0.40 oz.

Male

Carduelis lawrencei Lawrence's Goldfinch - Male (See 'ID' capsule)
Carduelis lawrencei Lawrence's Goldfinch - Male (See 'ID' capsule) | Source

Female

Carduelis lawrencei Lawrence's Goldfinch - Female (See 'ID' capsule)
Carduelis lawrencei Lawrence's Goldfinch - Female (See 'ID' capsule) | Source

Lawrence’s Goldfinch ID (Carduelis lawrencei)

[You may occasionally see Spinus lawrencei, but I do not think that is used anymore. I have found more of the Carduelis when I looked.]

  • Male:

The male Lawrence’s Goldfinch has a black cap, face and throat plus a small, stubby bill. His bill is flesh-colored and contrasts with his black face and throat at all seasons. Two other areas that contrast the black areas are his pale gray cheeks. He has a gray nape and when his wings are open, or stretched, you can also see his gray mantle.

On the males the dark wings are yellow-gray wing bars and the primary feathers are yellow-edged. Both of which you are able to see better when the wings are closed. It also has a fairly long tail which is dark with a few white streaks.

The sides are gray as is the breast but on the breast is a yellow patch. In general, the underparts and the belly are white. The rump can be from a white to yellow-gray even to a full-gray.

There are normally only slight changes between the summer and winter birds, although they do look duller and have browner backs in the winter.

  • Female: Adult

The female has a gray face and lacks the black facial markings such as the cap and throat.

Even though this bird is sexually dimorphic both have the yellow patches on the breast plus a cone-shaped bill. The only difference is that the female’s patches may be lighter than the males. She has the yellow wing bars and edges of the primary feathers like the male. The head and back of the female are grayer than in other goldfinches and the wing bars are yellower. Basically she is gray colored in general.

When one is in flight you will notice a white band across the fairly long tail and that the underwing coverts are also white.

  • Juvenile:

When a Lawrence’s Goldfinch is in the nest it shows a little bit of yellow or light brown with faint streaks on its back. There are also some white spots at about its mid-tail.

  • Immature:

Once it leaves the nest, it looks similar to the female. By then it has even less yellow and sometimes it looks like it is all brownish gray.

Male on feeder

 Lawrence's Goldfinch (See 'Feeding' capsule)
Lawrence's Goldfinch (See 'Feeding' capsule) | Source

Feeding:

This bird forages on the ground and in low foliage for weed seeds and insects. This bird comes to bird feeders for sunflower seed and thistle seed. They eat almost exclusively seeds mostly from annual plants. They are gleaners. They sit on foliage and pick seeds from it.

Even though they forage on the ground they have short, strong legs to be able to scramble about on cones and seed heads and this includes hanging upside down in their search for food.

They like to feed in flocks after breeding on the rich chamise chaparral. They surface in the driest washes and slopes, as long as they have access to water.

Since they feed their young soft fresh seeds, they wait until plants/weeds have grown and bloomed and gone to seed. Because of this they are late nesters.

Nesting:

Their nest is a loose cup made of leaves, grasses, lichens, wool, hair, feathers and flowers, placed in a shrub or tree 3’ – 40’ above the ground.

Eggs: There are usually around 3 – 6 of them at a time, their color is somewhat of a light blue. Incubation: The eggs are kept warm for 12 - 13 days.

Fledging: The young then stay in the nest for another 13 - 14 days, they are altricial;

Breeding: The parents breed indefinitely.

One year many may be found in an area, the next year, when the seed crop fails fewer of the birds may be seen.

Habitat:

The Lawrence’s Goldfinch lives in arid, grassy/weedy slopes, chaparral, open oak or pine woods. It can also be found near weed patches and open woodlands and it seeks out water sources in its dry environment. A common water site is stream sides.

One of their favorite habitats

Can live in dry areas
Makes sure there is a water source nearby

Lawrence's Goldfinch singing

Voice:

The song of the Lawrence’s Goldfinch is a bubbling twitter. It is kind of a high, long warble which sounds bell-like. It is rapid and varied without repeated musical notes, but it is composed almost entirely of imitations of call notes of other species.

The call is a nasal “too-err” or it can also be a sharp, high “PIti” and “Ititit”.

Call in flight is an original “tinkoo”, “tink-ui”, or even a clear “ti-too” – kind of high, a hectic disorder of sweet and dry notes. Often including call notes both its own, and those of other species. The flight note frequently reveals the bird’s presence high overhead.

Range map:

 Distribution map of Lawrence's Goldfinch (Carduelis lawrencei). Blue: breeding, green: year-round, yellow: wintering (See 'Range' capsule)
Distribution map of Lawrence's Goldfinch (Carduelis lawrencei). Blue: breeding, green: year-round, yellow: wintering (See 'Range' capsule) | Source

Range:

The Lawrence's Goldfinch breeds in central and southern California, west of Sierra Nevada and south into Baja California. This bird winters south and east from California through southern Arizona and New Mexico to extreme western Texas and south into northwestern Mexico.

They spend their breeding time in central-southern California; winter in the Baja; and summer in Arizona, New Mexico, the extreme part of Texas mentioned and Mexico.

The range of this bird is as particularly large as is its population.

Conservation status:

The Lawrence’s Goldfinch is presently surveyed as ‘Least Concern’. This score was reduced from ‘Lower Risk’. This bird is native to the United States and to Mexico.

This bird is treated to be common enough to warrant no current cares about possible decline of its population. Although it is supposedly on what is called a 'Watch List' because of its small range. At the moment it is not declining even with this watch. It is the only fringilid that is on this Watch List.

Other:

In the winter, they are found in flocks, often with other goldfinches and Lark Sparrows.

All of the species in the genus Carduelis are known to include impressions of other species calls into their song. Lawrence’s and Lesser Goldfinches use many impressions, Pine Siskins use less, and American Goldfinch and redpolls use the least.

Possible future bird

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© 2013 The Examiner-1

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    • The Examiner-1 profile image
      Author

      The Examiner-1 3 years ago

      I apologize for leaving the message twice. I forgot that I wrote it to you this morning elsewhere. :-)

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales

      You are so very welcome Kevin and so glad you got it sorted.

    • The Examiner-1 profile image
      Author

      The Examiner-1 3 years ago

      I am glad that you are pleased and enjoyed another one. I thank you again for sharing it.

      Kevin - Let the birds fly free!

      (P.S. - I found out why I could not see those buttons. I corrected it.)

    • Eiddwen profile image

      Eiddwen 3 years ago from Wales

      another very interesting hub Kevin but by now I expect no different and am never disappointed. This one I will share on various Facebook pages too. Your knowledge and wonderful hubs should be read far and wide. Great work once again and wishing you a great day.

      Eddy.

    • The Examiner-1 profile image
      Author

      The Examiner-1 3 years ago

      Quails are interesting Phyllis. A few have those 'feathers' on their heads - which if birds eyes were in the front - would be distracting.The little ones do look funny marching behind. Ducks, at least some, seem to do that too.

    • Phyllis Doyle profile image

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 3 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      You are most welcome, Kevin. One of my favorite birds is the quail. We have so many of them here and I love to watch them. It is so fun to watch them in the spring when the male is in front, then the female, then all the little ones bouncing behind like tennis balls. They stay in a straight line. The male is very cautious of bringing out his covey from their shelter. He comes out, looks all around then calls to the female when it is safe to come out. Very family oriented they are.

    • The Examiner-1 profile image
      Author

      The Examiner-1 3 years ago

      Thank you for the votes Phyllis. I began watching birds years ago in NJ when House Finches & Goldfinches were about the first birds at my feeders, so I got an interest in them. I am glad that it pleased you. I may be wrong but I think I have run out of finches here so now I am looking elsewhere for finches. Thank you for visiting. Happy Birding!

      Kevin

    • Phyllis Doyle profile image

      Phyllis Doyle Burns 3 years ago from High desert of Nevada.

      Great hub full of interesting information. You did a great job on this. I do not believe I have seen the Lawerence's Finch -- I might have when living in California years ago, but, it is only the last 5 years or so that I have been paying attention to all the many finches we get here in Nevada. We live in a migratory zone and see many different finches and other birds. I so enjoyed reading this hub. Thanks! Voted up U A I. Very well done.

    • The Examiner-1 profile image
      Author

      The Examiner-1 4 years ago

      Mel Carriere

      At least you got to see them the year that they were here! Thank you for the comment.

    • Mel Carriere profile image

      Mel Carriere 4 years ago from San Diego California

      I had the distinct and unforgettable pleasure of seeing a small flock of these close to my home in San Diego County about fifteen years ago. Since then there have been no return visits. Very nice hub!

    • The Examiner-1 profile image
      Author

      The Examiner-1 4 years ago

      aviannovice

      It is even farther west in its range than the Lesser Goldfinch.

    • aviannovice profile image

      Deb Hirt 4 years ago from Stillwater, OK

      This is another beautiful finch. It always seems to be within its range, eh?