How Leadership influence in group Management goals
Leadership in Management.
Leadership is one of the core function of the Management. The
management has to get the work done, for that Managers use their
Leadership Quality. Manager can issue orders and instructions to his
subordinates. It is through the leadership role of managers that
employees may be induced to perform their duties properly and maintain
harmony in group activities. Manager having proper authority can guide
and direct his subordinates and command their obedience by his power.
At the same time as a leader, the manager can get the cooperation of
all the group and influence work behavior by means of his leadership
What is leadership?
Leadership may be defined as a process of influencing group activities towards the achievement of certain goals. That means the leader is the person in a group who is able to influencing the group to work willingly. Through his guidance and directions, other people in the group get purpose and directions for their efforts. Even though he is distinct from the rest of the group, he is a part of the group that he leads. As defined by George R Terry "Leadership is the activity of influencing people to strive willingly for group objectives".
Leadership naturally creates the existence of a leader and followers as well as their mutual interaction. It involves inter-personal relation through which the followers receive the leader's guidance for accomplishment of specified goal.
A manager can be more effective if he is a good leader as he has to lead and guid his subordinates towards the achievement of group goals/objectives. He does not depend only on his formal authority or his positional power to secure group performance but can exercise his leadership influence for the purpose. As a leader he influences the behavior and conduct of the members of the team in the interest of the organization. He also influence the individual as well as the group as a whole.
It is to be noted that leadership and management are not the same
thing. Management involves coordinating, planning, controlling and
organizing operations for the achievement of the various organizational
objectives. On the other hand leadership is the process which inspire
the people and influence them to willingly accomplish the
organizational objectives. Thus a manager is more than a leader. But
a leader need not be a manager. In an informal group the leader may
not be a manager, still he may influence the conduct of his fellow
members. Here his role and position depends on the acceptance of his
The power delegated to him by his superiors are there for the manager who acting as a leader in a organization. Managers has an organized group of subordinates under his authority and his leadership is an accompaniment of his position. Therefore , managerial leadership has following characteristics:
1. Manager guides, directs and influence the behavior of subordinates and it is a continuous process.
2. Due to the quality of his own behavior as a leader, the manager-leader is able to influence his subordinates behavior at work.
3. To get the willing cooperation of the work group in the achievement of specified objective is the purpose of managerial leadership.
4. The success of a manager as leader depends on the acceptance of his leadership by the subordinates.
5. While group goals are pursued, individual goals are also achieved and it is required in the managerial leadership.
Importance of Managerial leadership.
The requirement of managerial and leadership roles of managers bring forth the importance of managerial leadership in an organization. Togetherness of managerial and leadership qualities leads to effective task performance and fuller achievement of organization goals and human satisfaction. Management is based on the formal authority of managers.
Whereas, being leaders of work groups enables managers to achieve results on the basis of inter-personal relations. The leader manager identifies himself with the work group. He acts as an intermediary between his subordinates and the top management. He takes personal interest in the development of his subordinates, helps them in overcoming individual problems through advise and counsellings, creates appropriate work environment and builds up team spirit. As a result the leader manager is able to develop better team work. The subordinates willingly accept his guidance, advise and direction and are inspired as a group to accomplish the specific goals.
Functions of Leadership Leadership functions of a manager are related with his managerial functions. The leaser as a manger has to set the group goal, motivate and inspire subordinates, make plans, and supervise performance. Over and above these managerial functions he has to perform some other functions as a Leader.