ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Learn About Cells and Organelles for Kids

Updated on February 17, 2017

Your body is made up of cells. Cells are kind of like Lego blocks. Lego blocks can have different shapes and sizes. These different blocks can be put together to make different things: houses, cars or airplanes. Your body has lots of different cells that are put together to make different parts of your body. Cells are often called the building blocks of life. The various parts of the cell are called organelles.

These cells make up different parts of your body, such as your muscles, heart, skin and brain. Cells can’t do much on their own. But together they can make complex things like human beings.

Lysosomes help protect cells
Lysosomes help protect cells

Lysosomes

Lysosomes are organelles that like to break things. But this is a good thing for the cell. Lysosomes break down materials that the cell can use. Or they break down things that the cell wants to get rid of.

They are also a little like soldiers. They protect the cell. They attack bacteria that try to get inside.

Mitochondria make energy for cells
Mitochondria make energy for cells

Mitochondria

Mitochondria are often called the powerhouses of the cell. Power stations make energy, called electricity, to heat and light your home. The Mitochondria are organelles that make energy for the cell. The process of making energy for a cell is called cellular respiration.

Some cells have thousands of mitochondria. Muscle cells need a lot of energy, so they have a lot of these little powerhouses. If a cell can’t make enough energy, more mitochondria can be made.

Cell membrane
Cell membrane

Cell Membrane

A cell is surrounded by a membrane. The membrane protects and keeps everything inside the cell. The cell membrane is also called a plasma membrane.

The membrane is kind of like a water balloon with holes in it. But these holes can let things in and out.

Think of the membrane as a guard at a gate. The guard decides who can enter or leave. This is what the membrane does. It is semipermeable.

Semipermeable means it allows some things to go through the membrane but blocks others.

Parts of a Cell Rap

Nucleus

Your brain controls everything your body does. The nucleus of each cell controls everything that takes place in the cell. So, you can think of the nucleus as the brain of a cell.

Have you ever followed instructions to figure out how to build something? Did you know that there are instructions in your body that show how to build you?

The nucleus of a cell contains something called DNA. DNA is like a set of instructions to build a plant or animal. Many cells in your body have the complete set of instructions that are needed to build you.

Other Cell Parts

Ribosomes: these organelles are like little factories. They make something called proteins that the cell needs.

Vacuoles: are like storage units. They can store things like food, water and waste products.

Cytoplasm: a fluid that fills the cell.

Chloroplasts: make food in plant cells. There is chlorophyll inside the chloroplasts. Chlorophyll makes plants green.

Golgi bodies: these organelles are like little delivery trucks. They move things around a cell.

Endoplasmic Reticulum: this is like a bunch of tubes that make and move material the cell needs.

Parts of a Cell
Parts of a Cell

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      sssnnaaakkee 

      18 months ago

      we love cells cause if not we wouldnt be livin

    • profile image

      Naser 

      2 years ago

      Thank I can understood

    • profile image

      Pepe 

      2 years ago

      Is helpful for school!

    • profile image

      Mica Zaid 

      4 years ago

      cool that's awesome Ill love to learn more of cells

    • JoanCA profile imageAUTHOR

      JoanCA 

      5 years ago

      Thanks psychicdog. It's a fascinating but complicated subject.

    • psychicdog.net profile image

      psychicdog.net 

      5 years ago

      Some cells store glucose as fat - when you eat too much insulin levels rise and the glucose gets redirected from the blood stream into our fat cells - I'm learning about this Joan so this is a timely and interesting hub for me.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)