ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Learn About Imports, Exports and Transportation for Kids

Updated on February 4, 2017

When you go to the toy store to buy a toy, you give the store money. They give you the toy in return. Buying and selling things like toys is called trade. When you buy a toy at a store you are trading your money for the toy. The toy you bought probably came from another country, most likely China. Have you ever wondered how the toy you bought actually got to the store from a faraway country?

Like people, countries engage in trade. They buy and sell things. When one country buys something from another country, it's called an import. When a country sells something to another country, it's called an export.

Container ships transport goods like toys around the world
Container ships transport goods like toys around the world

What Are Imports and Exports?

Your toy was most likely an import. Most toys sold in America are made in China. The toys are then imported into America. This means that the toy was brought into America. The factory in China that made the toy gets money in return.

A lot of airplanes are made in America by a company called Boeing. These airplanes are exported to many other countries. This means that they are sent to other countries. Boeing gets money in return for selling the airplanes.

Port means “to move” or “to carry.” Im- means in. So import means to carry or move in. Ex- means out. So, export means to move or carry out.

Large cranes are needed to load and unload container ships
Large cranes are needed to load and unload container ships

Ports and Shipping

Your toy had to be exported, or sent out of China. First, it had to go through a port, which has lots of ships. Your toy was loaded onto a container ship, also called a cargo ship or freighter, filled with lots of other things. Your toy was then transported, or moved, across the ocean. It takes close to two weeks for the ship to travel from China to the United States.

It arrived at its destination port and was removed from the container ship. It was stored in a warehouse before being taken to the toy store. Big cranes are needed to put the containers on the ships and take them off again at their destination ports.

Freight Trains

If you live close to a railway line, you probably often see trains filled with huge rectangle shaped containers. The containers have words like Cosco, Hanjin, Maersk, Matson and K Line on the sides. These are the names of shipping companies. They own the container ships that transport or move goods around the world.

You may see "doublestacked” containers on some trains. One container is put on top of another. Doublestacking allows each train to move far more containers than a singlestacked train could.

Freight trains move the containers to ports or to warehouses. Trucks are also used to move containers around. Warehouses store goods until they can be taken somewhere else.

Your toy was transported or moved around in many different ways before arriving at the toy store. It had to be transported on ships, trains and trucks to travel the long distance from the factory in China.


Transportation Vocabulary

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      anonamis 

      16 months ago

      what an amazing explanation. it really helped. I struggle with this so it really helped. thank you so much

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)