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Learning English: Intensifiers So and such (too and enough)

Updated on February 9, 2016

Often in the English language we want to intensifier something, to make an adjective or a comment stronger. Instead of saying the film was good, we want to say the film was so good. You might even want to say the consequence for the example the film was so good that I watched it 17 times.

Maybe we want to say that we need more of something like when we're cooking we say we haven't got enough eggs or if we have an excess we say too many eggs.

In this article you will find the structure and examples for each of the grammar points. I hope you enjoy it.


Too

‘Too’ means ‘more than is necessary or desirable’ and we use it when we want to say there is an excess of something.

1) Too + adjective / adverb

a) My trousers are too small. I need some new ones.

b) You talk too quickly.

2) Too much / many (+noun)

*Many is used with countable nouns, much is used with uncountable nouns

a) I have too much money, I don't know what to buy next.

b) I need 4 eggs for my omelette, but you bought 12. That's too many!

3) Too + adjective / adverb (+ for +object) + Infinitive

a) It's too salty to eat it without being sick

b) It's too salty for me to eat it without being sick

c) It's raining too heavily to go to work

d) It's raining too heavily for me to go to work



Enough

Enough means 'the right /correct /necessary amount of something'

1) adjective / adverb + enough

a) Is it warm enough in here.

b) Am I talking slowly enough?.

2) Enough + noun

a) There aren't enough koalas in the zoo.

3) enough (+noun) (+ for +object) + Infinitive


a) I need four eggs and I haven't got enough to make the omelette

b) I haven't got enough money for you to go to the party.

So and Such

So and Such are intensifiers in the English language and make things 'stronger'.

1) So + adjective / adverb (without nouns)

a) My trousers are so small. I need some new ones.

b) You talk so quickly.

2) so much / many / Few / little +noun

*Many and few are used with countable nouns, much / little are used with uncountable nouns

a) I so much spare time and I'm not sure what to do.

b) Zahit asks so many good questions.

c) I have so few articles on here. I need to write more.

d) The truth is I have so little money.

3) such + (adjective) + a/an + singular countable noun

a) It was such a good day

4) Such + (adjective) + plural or uncountable noun

a) Camels are such cute animals

5) so and such can be used with a 'that clause' to explain the consequence or result


a) It was so hot that we decided to leave

b) It was such a friendly camel that we decided to adopt it.

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