Life in Paris under Nazi occupation (May 1940-August 1944) - Part 1 : 1940
On September 1st 1939, German military forces invaded Poland. At that time, a treaty of assistance existed between Poland, the United Kingdom and France. As a consequence of this invasion, England first and later that day France both declared war on Germany on September 3rd 1939. From the experience gathered during Wold War I (1914-1918) France had built a defensive line along the German and Italian border, called the Maginot line, which consisted of underground concrete fortifications housing heavy artillery defences, and troops living quarters. It was reputed impossible to take, and it that regard, it worked! The Germans didn't even try. Instead, they went through Belgium and France was invaded in about six weeks. The invasion of France by the German army began on may 10, 1940. On June 14, Paris fell, and would remain occupied until August 1944, when the city was liberated by Allied forces.