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Life of Jose Rizal in Belgium

Updated on July 1, 2011

Summary of Rizal in Belgian Brussels (1890)

January 28, 1890 – Rizal left Paris for Brussels

Brussels– capital of Belgium.

Two reasons why Rizal leave Paris:

  1. The cost of living in Paris was very high because of the Universal Exposition.
  2. The gay social life of the city hampered his literary works, especially the writing of his second novel El Filibusterismo.

Life in Brussels

Jose Albert – accompanied Rizal to move to Brussels.

Jose Alejandro – an engineering student who replaced Jose Albert.

  • Rizal was busy writing his second novel.
  • He wrote articles for La Solidaridad and letters for his family and friends.
  • He spent part of his time in medical clinic.
  • He had gymnastics at the gymnasium and target practice and fencing at the armory.

Articles Published in La Solidaridad

  1. “A La Defensa” (To La Defensa), April 30, 1889.
  2. “La verdad Para Todos” ( The Truth For All), May 31, 1889.
  3. “Vicente Barrantes’ Teatro Tagalo,” June 15, 18889
  4. “Una Profanacion” (A Profanation), July 31, 1889
  5. “Verdades Nuevas” (New Truths), July 31, 1889
  6. “Crueldad” (Cruelty), August 15, 1889
  7. “Differencias” (Differences), September 15, 1889
  8. “Inconsequencias” (Inconsequences), November 30, 1889
  9. “Llanto y Risas” (Tears and Laughters), November 30, 1889
  10. “Ingratitudes” (Ingratitude), January 15, 1890

New Orthography of Tagalong Language

Rizal was the first to advocate the Filipinization of its orthography. For instance, the Tagalog letters k and w should be used instead of the Spanish c and o.

salacot – salakot

arao – araw

Early in September, 1886 – while in Leipzig, Rizal adopted the Filipinized Tagalog orthography in his Tagalog translations of Schiller’s Wilhelm Tell and Andersen’s Fairy Tales and again he used it in his first novel Noli Me Tangere (Berlin, 1887

“Sobre la Nueva Ortografia de la Lengua Tagala” (The new Orthography of the Tagalog Language) – article of Rizal and was published in La Solidaridad.

Dr. Trnidad H. Pardo de Tavera – author of the celebrated work El Sancristo en la Lengua Tagala (Sankrist in the Tagalog Language) which was published in Paris, 1884.

Rizal Criticizes Madrid Filipinos for Gambling

Rizal received news from Juan Luna and Valentin Ventura that the Filipinos in Spain were destroying the good name of their nation by gambling too much. Accordingly Rizal wrote to M. H. Del Pilar on May 28, 1890 to remind the Filipinos in Madrid that they did not come to Europe to gamble, but to work for their fatherland’s freedom.

The gambling people in Madrid were angry when they learned of Rizal’s moralizing. They derisively called him “Papa” (Pope) instead of “Pepe”.

Bad News from Home

  • The Calamba agrarian trouble was getting worst.
  • The management of the Dominican hacienda continually raised the land rents.
  • The Dominican order filled a suit in court to dispossess the Rizal Family of their lands in Calamba.
  • The tenants were persecuted.
  • Paciano, Antonio Lopez and Silvestre Ubaldo were deported to Mindoro.
  • Manuel T. Hidalgo – was banished to Bohol for the second time.

Preparation to Go Home

Rizal planned to go home. He could not stay in Brussels writing a book while his parents, relatives and friends in the distant Philippines were persecuted.

July 9, 1890 – upon hearing that Graciano Lopez Jaena was planning to go to Cuba, Rizal wrote to Ponce to oppose the plan of action of Graciano.

July 18, 1890 – he wrote another letter to Ponce in which he expresses his determination to go home.

All his friends, including Blumentritt, Jose Ma. Basa, and Ponce, were horrified by Rizal’s to return to the Philippines. They warned him of the danger that awaited him at home.

Decision to go to Madrid

Something happened that made Rizal to change his plan in returning to the Philippines when he received a letter from Paciano which related that they lost the case against the Dominicans in Manila but they appealed it to the Supreme Court in Spain.

June 20, 1890 – Rizal wrote to M. H. Del Pilar retaining the latter’s service as a lawyer and informed Del Pilar that he was going to Madrid, in order to supervise the handling of the case.

July 29, 1890 – he wrote a letter to Ponce announcing that he was leaving Brussels at the beginning of the following month and would arrive Madrid about the 3rd and 4th of August.

To My Muse “A Mi…” – he wrote this poem which was against the a background of mental anguish in Brussels, during those sad days when he was worried by family disasters.

Romance with Petite Jacoby

Two things brought some measure of cheer to the despondent Rizal as he was preparing for his trip to Madrid:

  1. The summertime festival of Belgium, which was celebrated in carnival style.
  2. His romance with Petite Jacoby, the pretty niece of his landladies.
  • Rizal was so charming and dignified a gentleman the Petite Susanne was attracted to him.
  • He was lonely in a strange country and Leonor Rivera was so far away.
  • Like other women – Segunda Katigbak, Orang Valenzuela, Leonor Rivera, O-Sei-San, Gettie Beckett, Consuelo Ortiga y Perez and Nellie Boustead – Susanne fell in love with Rizal


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    • profile image

      Yang 3 years ago

      is this chapter 16?

    • profile image

      SARALEE HATAB 4 years ago


    • profile image

      detailed info plz... 4 years ago

      detailed info plz...

    • profile image

      jhon'sCam 5 years ago

      Jose Rizal is good example of a student, specially to our working student. Because even of many trial in life he will never quiet.

    • profile image

      Jing 5 years ago

      hi thank you for this article; its really good and it helps me a lot..I got more Idea in here and I reported my topic well.

    • profile image

      WAFAKZ 5 years ago


    • profile image

      Boboy & Negro 5 years ago

      Your poem was so nice as well as your articles.

      I like it!!

      plz kindly nclude also d whole dscription of evry artcle of rizal.

    • profile image

      I.R.J. 5 years ago

      ..may report ako tungkol sa life ni Dr.Jose Rizal sa belgium pero hindi kompleto ang details.

    • profile image

      michelee ann 6 years ago

      dapat kumpleto at may pictures..

    • profile image

      al 6 years ago

      please include alink for the articles made by rizal

    • profile image

      -Izumi 6 years ago

      ....kulang pa po ilang detalye.

    • profile image

      znah 6 years ago

      wala ba tong reflection? pede pa post ng reflection please ...

    • profile image

      Hans de Groot (NL) Bando 6 years ago

      After study many years Joser Rizal in combination with Asia and Europ, I find some new matters on this place. Thank you

    • profile image

      joey 6 years ago

      KULANG PO............

    • profile image

      elline mae francisco 6 years ago

      yun, maraming salamat po... :)

      sana sa susunod yung 17 countries na pinuntahan ni rizal, haha. joke lang po... Great Job! :)

      God bless... ^^

    • profile image

      john lester banga 7 years ago

      can I trust this website because our teacher told me not to trust websites on computer because there's a time that i ask him as we check our examination paper that the very reason behind of Rizal's living in Paris was the cost was very high and his answer was because he can't afford to publish his novel Noli, which makes me chaotic. please help me to clarify this confusions of mine . thank you

    • profile image

      gina 7 years ago

      hai nku nakakainis.!!!may report ako tungkol sa life of Dr. Jose Rizal inb Belgium,pero walang lubas.!!!

    • profile image

      marycres 7 years ago

      may power point vah about sa topic na ito?pwde malaman kung saan at paano makikita?

    • profile image

      john obejero 7 years ago

      its sooooo vverry nice... hehehehehhee


    • profile image

      Ricky Tamparong 7 years ago

      Jose Rizal is a true Filipino Hero because he make his mission with no fear.He did not think that he do the mission he will die so he continue his mission for the justice of the every filipino againts the spanards and now filipinos are very happy for his good doings and he is my favorate hero because he have no fear even he will die.....

    • profile image

      ailyn 7 years ago

      thank you so much for this article.

    • profile image

      Joseph Cañete 8 years ago

      I really like the works and writings of Dr. Jose Rizal, Because for me he was a hero.... and I would never forget his good deeds in order to correct the evil done by the Spaniards..... He gave his life in order to be protect his native land which is the Philippines..... and I am still hoping that there is still a Filipino who will follow his good deeds.

    • profile image

      fb_ratuniL 8 years ago

      ahhmmmm. . .

      kulang ung mga info. . . .

      'di kumpleto. . .

      add more stuffss HUB. .


      more powers HUB

    • joebhoy profile image

      joebhoy 8 years ago from Manila

      nice hub jemz.. keep on posting.

    • profile image

      ii_:) 8 years ago

      good thing you posted this online! i had to do a report all about this.. now i am hassle-free! YEY to you! now all i have to do is expound more on some details!

    • profile image

      cute_5260 8 years ago

      i need the "letter of Dr. Jose Rizal" in the month of May

    • Ron Mariano profile image

      Ron Mariano 8 years ago

      Great highlights. Great hub. Keep it up!

    • profile image

      lopiugddffdf 8 years ago


    • profile image

      Ricky M. Tamparong 8 years ago

      I conclude that jose rizal can left to brussel so that he can finish his study.

    • profile image

      jjjj 8 years ago

      wala ba yung isang boung kwen2 ni rizal

    • GeneralHowitzer profile image

      Gener Geminiano 8 years ago from Land of Salt, Philippines

      nice hubs here keep it coming...

    • profile image

      okay 8 years ago


    • profile image

      okay 8 years ago



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