List of Poisonous Mushrooms With Pictures
Mushrooms are a type of fungus and can be incredibly delicious in many types of cuisine—Italian, Greek, Mexican, and all-American. But as much as we love eating a dozen sauteed mushrooms on our Philly cheesteak sandwich, there are some mushrooms in the same family of fungi that are extremely poisonous. This is why it's not a good idea to go hunting for your own mushrooms if you don't know how to identify which are poisonous.
A full list of poisonous mushrooms including the most poisonous mushroom will be provided to you in this article. Some basics on identifying and avoiding these poisonous mushrooms will also be provided, along with pictures.
Disclaimer: Keep in mind that poisonous mushrooms differ by region and continent, and so if you plan to go mushroom-hunting there is some definitive risk in this activity. There isn't always a solid way to identify poisonous mushrooms from edible mushrooms, and this has been shown in that professional, experienced mushroom gatherers will still sometimes confuse a poisonous mushroom for an edible mushroom and thereby suffer an illness and sometimes death. This particular list of poisonous mushrooms covers mostly the European and North American poisonous mushrooms and excludes many of the poisonous mushrooms found in Asia and other continents.
- Agaric - is a part of the Amanita family and is virulently poisonous so should never be ingested. Agaric is a poisonous mushroom with a brightly colored cap, usually red with white spots. Never ingest a mushroom with a brightly colored cap. However, folk magic has used this poisonous mushroom, placed on an altar in the bedroom to increase fertility.
- Autumn Skullcap - these poisonous mushrooms are small and brown mushrooms, with generally tall stems/stalks. These poisonous mushrooms seem to be particularly dangerous to mushroom-hunters, as they appear very similar to the hallucinogenic psilocybe mushroom species. They've made our list of poisonous mushrooms because they are also very close in appearance to some edible mushrooms, as well. They are usually found in dampened moss beds and also grow on wood.
- Dapperling - the dapperling is toxic, as well. It many times has a freckled appearance and can be found in Europe in coniferous forests. This poisonous mushroom has white gills and spores and when consumed can be potentially fatal. One poisoning in Spain was due to the deadly dapperling mushroom.
- Deadly Parasol - the deadly parasol is on our list as it is extremely deadly and has killed a few people. It is part of the Lepiota family and looks just like a parasol, hence the name. It can be white, brown, or speckled. They can be found all over the world, and will grow only on the ground in rich soils. Beware!
- Death Cap - the death cap is perhaps the most poisonous mushroom and is usually found in Europe. This mushroom is usually found growing in summer and fall seasons and usually has a green top with white bottoms. Most of the deaths by poisonous mushrooms are attributed to the death cap. Even some famous deaths are attributed to this poisonous mushroom. Only one ounce of this poisonous mushroom can kill a human after consumption.
- Destroying Angel - the destroying angel is a brother to the death cap and extremely toxic. Another name for this mushroom is the fool's mushroom. They contain the exact ingredient as their brother the death cap. Usually they are pure white but can sometimes have pink, tan, and yellow tints in the center of their caps. The young destroying angels are sometimes confused with "puff-balls," a type of edible mushroom.
- False Champignon - this mushroom can be found in both Europe and North America. It is usually funnel-shaped and is found in grassy areas like yards, fields, etc. While this mushroom is poisonous, it is not usually deadly but will make you very sick if consumed.
- False Morel - this mushroom is quite ugly looking. Check out the picture below. Some people claim that they can eat them with no apparent harm, while others find them to be toxic and will make you sick.
- Ivory Funnel - the ivory funnel is another poisonous mushroom that can be found in meadows and yards in Europe and North America. It is usually white and funnel-shaped and is toxic. Death is rarely caused by this poisonous mushroom but muscarine poisoning will occur and make you sick.
- Sulfur Tuft - this species usually grows in clustered groups and can usually be found when no other mushrooms are found. They are brown and grow on wood including dead roots and trunks. If ingested, they can be toxic and have once been fatal.
- Toadstool - toadstools look very friendly in comparison with the agaric and other brightly-colored poisonous mushrooms; however, they can be toxic too and should not be ingested. In folklore, the toadstool will sometimes grow in circles that are called "fairy rings," as it is believed that the fairies dance within the toadstool circles. Toadstool is also a term used for many different poisonous mushrooms.
- Woolly Milk-cap - the woolly milk-cap has a fuzzy top. As another rule of mushroom hunting, never pick mushrooms that have hairy tops, they could be poisonous and could even be a woolly milk-cap.
- Yellow Knight - the yellow knight has been an edible mushroom in Europe but can also cause sickness therefore making it on our list. It is usually yellow in color and has a layer of skin on the cap that can be peeled off.
Read About Poisonous Herbs Here:
- Poisonous Herbs: A Mini-List of Poisonous Plants
While herbs were put on this planet for a purpose to aid human beings in healing, unfortunately there are some herbs that are considered poisonous herbs. When we say poisonous herbs here, we are talking particularly poisonous for human consumption. C
© 2012 Nicole Canfield