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Magnetic Fields and their Theoretical Collimation
By rapidly rotating a magnetic field, we may be able to project magnetism similar to a laser like effect.
Rapidly spinning a magnetic field will give us unusual effects.
Solar Magnetic loops and jetting from compact stellar objects have something in common. Magnetic confinement of plasma can be maintained over great distances for prolonged periods of time. These naturally occurring phenomena are the closest things to a natural magnetic laser-like effect where magnetic fields are collimated for distances extending to millions of light years in some cases. Large central galactic black holes provide the engine to collimate magnetic fields over vast distances and create a beam of contained and concentrated plasma over that same distance by magnetic confinement in what is described as magnetic barreling. This is possible due to quantum effects, which result in a fractal magnetic field on larger scales
The principle behind this is simple enough. A rapidly spinning black hole accretes nearby gas and this gas gains angular momentum as it falls toward the event horizon. In exchange, the black hole loses a small amount of the same type of momentum and spins down. More importantly, the in falling gas is going through frame dragging and intense electrical and magnetic fields are generated in the super heated plasma/gas due to differential orbiting and changes induced in the space-time medium. Near the event horizon, the atoms are ripped apart into subatomic particles. The magnetic field is warped and wrapped by the black hole frame dragging the accretion disk nearby. As fractal magnetic field lines propagate at the velocity of light, they are literally twisted into a long magnetic tube extending out from both rotational poles of the system of accretion disk and black hole. The resulting effect is akin to a long slender tornado. The black hole itself need not provide any magnetic field. In fact, at the event horizon and beyond, all laws of physics as we understand, break down. The black hole may selectively devour electrons or protons/positrons, depending on the charge and ejecting the rest in jets confined by the magnetic tubes in a collimated beam of subatomic particles, not unlike the concept for a particle beam weapon or a toriodal fusion magnetic confinement reactor. The plasma trapped in the magnetic confinement glows with synchrotron radiation, making it visible to our naked eye instruments and radio telescopes. The concept of a collimated magnetic field is depicted from an illustration at left created by a sophisticated computer program in a university study. The light blue sphere in the center of the illustration depicts the event horizon. The blue green twisted lines depict the collimated magnetic field lines. Outside of the influence of the rapidly spinning black hole, the magnetic field takes on the more characteristic shape depicted by the magenta lines. The scales are not exact to nature, but condensed to make the point clear.
In the case of neutron stars, there is also a collimated magnetic field, but this often off the rotational axis. What occurs from our view is something called a pulsar. The exact principle here is more difficult to define but may represent only limited collimation. The collimated field is also much more limited in extent and results more from the compact size of the source. Plasma is trapped and glows by synchrotron radiation, creating the visible lighthouse effect we see. On a more mundane level, magnetic fields are collimated within the confines of a bar magnet or the inside of a solenoid. Experiments have been done that achieve levitation inside the confines of the solenoid.
To create the same effect with magnets so that vehicles can be levitated external to the source of the magnetic field requires a magnetic strength of at least 100,000 Gauss and collimated so that the vehicle can be carried on the beam great distances and at high velocity. The vehicle must either be charged itself in like pole manner, or be made of a magnetic reflecting material. To collimate a magnetic field requires rotating it close to the velocity of light. Only under these conditions can a powerful magnetic field be constructed to mimic laser confinement effects on photons, basic elements like hydrogen and sub-atomic particles such as in so-called atom lasers. To duplicate this effect locally requires a ring of powerful magnets controlled and fired by computers on the nanosecond or faster time frame so that the uni-polar magnetic field is passed from magnet to magnet in a rotating manner. The levitating effect of these magnets can then be taken form inside of a solenoid and projected into the outer regions of surrounding space. The collimation will serve to limit dissipation such as seen in a normal non-collimated magnetic field. In effect, we can create a type of magnetic laser. This can be used to levitate and project spacecraft into flight near earth or into interplanetary space for long range travel.
There exists in the world presently, magnets of such power that they can levitate any desired object. They are currently under use and study at many universities around the world. They use the patented Bitter water-cooled solenoid to achieve the effect. However, their range is very limited. Usually, the levitating is done inside the hollow core of the solenoid. This is a reasonable place for beginning, as we shall see.
To construct a magnet that rotates near the velocity of light is physically impossible. No material known can withstand the stresses involved in such action, even at much lower speeds. We are not about to have access to a convenient black holes or neutron stars either, without the severe consequences that it engenders. However, another way exists to duplicate this effect. It employs the use of principle agent behind electricity and its relationship to magnetism. A specially wound spiral toroidal conductive ring can be constructed and pulsed charged at gigahertz frequencies to induce a pulsed current of high magnitude and frequency on the ring (torus). To achieve the frequency desired has already been done by Nikola Tesla in his famous experiments using the coil named after him. So has the energy magnitudes required for such a devise in other technology. The circuit is the torus and induced current in the torus creates a magnetic field after the right hand law of polarized electromagnetism. The pulsed current travels at near the velocity of light, pulsed by the high frequency windings around the torus to create a varied charge in the torus itself. The resultant magnetic field is then warped and collimated as a result of the pulsed current traveling around in the torus. Generating sufficient magnetic field density is easily done to create the desired effects for great distances. The key to pinching the current into high and lows within the circumference of the torus is the windings that are switched at very high frequency using Teslian technology. The torus itself must be charged from capacitors giving it the high amperage necessary to generate the intense magnetic field. To enhance the process and prevent overheating, the whole apparatus can be cooled using a liquid gas like nitrogen or helium to induce superconductivity and lessen losses due to overheating. Electrical arcing is another problem altogether. Teslian technology using the coils he designed is subject to a lot of leakage at high voltages resulting in the displays of artificial lightning. This has to be controlled to sustain a high magnetic flux density. Therefore, the Tesla coil can be used to control the pinching in the torus at high frequency, or it can be used to control capacitor discharge. The important thing to remember is that high current generates magnetic fields. This can be induced with the use of capacitors into the toroids. The Teslian windings are used to pulse the current in a controlled manner. In the figure above, #1 represents resonant current in all linked toroids such as found in typical solenoids with an undifferentiated current. Illustration # 2 depicts a pinched current controlled by spiraled and linked Teslian windings in a separate coil as in a typical Tesla coil. This is done to twist the magnetic field within the limits of the velocity of pulsed current flow, which is nearly at relativistic velocity. The resultant magnetic field propagates at the velocity of light and is collimated by twisting it via the equivalent of rotating coordinates. We’ll come back to rotating coordinates in magnetic fields later. The illustrations 1 through 4 are drawn to show clarity. The apparently separated toroids are really one wound line to create a coil.
In illustration # 3, the non-collimated magnetic field propagates as typical magnetic fields do, where little outside influence disrupts the field shape. In illustration # 4, the rotating high velocity field is forced to twist into an extended column due to limits imposed by general relativity. This is what we find in nature where black holes provide the engine to create collimated magnetic fields and the extended jetting that reveals their presence. The field depicted in green in figure 3 is the result of the charged solenoid shown in figure 1. The multicoloured field in figure 4 is the result of a pinched and pulsed current depicted in the modified solenoid in figure 2.
Another problem associated with such high energy pulsed currents and associated pulsed magnetic fields, is electromagnetic pulse. This is an electronics technology killer. It may be desirable to avoid instantaneous capacitor discharge altogether. It is preferable to pinch the torus current using a high frequency induced by Teslian technology. In addition, it would be good to build the field strength slowly for the same reasons. A sudden switching on of powerful and concentrated magnetic fields will fry even heavy electrical infrastructure.
The pinching of the current results in a varied current within a length of conductor. A magnetic field will be stronger in some places in the torus, than in others. These surges or pulses can be moved around the torus at high velocity. The intensified magnetic field generated by the greater electrical charge in these places will warp around other intense fields and create the magnetic barrel. With this, levitation can occur outside of the solenoid to distances as far as the magnetic field can extend without degeneration due to outside influences. To a certain extent, we have already observed such phenomena on the surface of the sun during sunspot cycles where magnetic lopping and twisting is quite visible. Sometimes these loops snap and a coronal mass ejection occurs. This demonstrates the power that these magnetic loops and twisters have. However, on the sun, these break down due to chaotic influences of other sunspots and the turbulence of the sun in general. A much more controlled magnetic twister can be created and employed to lift heavy payloads up to geosychronous orbit. There is one danger in doing this and this is the funneling of the Earth’s atmosphere into deep space. Thus such a devise should be used only in the high mountains like the Himalayas. The only limits are the ability to provide sustained power and to overcome geomagnetic and heliomagnetic influences.
In space, the sun can be used to generate the large amounts of power required to run such a devise. This would be a way to fuel space vehicles separate from the craft. Cooling the large magnets in space is easily accomplished just by keeping them out of the sun. A device can be constructed in a permanently dark lunar crater at the lunar pole. Solar collectors can provide power from space or from the rim of the crater.
The Magnetic Collimation Solenoid (MCS) comprises of several stacked but separated and thick conducting toroids that are separately charged and pulsed and maintained in synchronicity by a Teslian timing frequency. The Tesla windings serve only to pinch the current in the toroids. A generator capable of generating high currents for sustained periods, or a short boot period where superconductivity is active provides the main power to the toroids. The whole assembly must be held in alignment by a strong and non-magnetic or electrically conducting material. The MCS can be used in groups to provide stable lift in a turbulent environment. In deep space, one such devise is necessary in line of sight aim and travel. However, this must be stabilized somehow due to the action-reaction principle of rocketry, i.e., for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Uses of such a devise extend to the deflection of incoming comet pieces and asteroids to the Earth on an impact course. Alternatively, material can be dragged in from elsewhere in the solar system and processed closer to Earth to use materials available in space for building.