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Main sources of Europena Law

Updated on July 3, 2017

The EC union law is derived from three main sources: primary, secondary and supplementary sources of law. Primary law consists of the treaties which led to the formation of the EU. This include the EU Treaty and the Treaty of the EU functioning. The treaties are centered on distributing the competencies of the members of the EU community as well as creating powers of the various European institutions. Secondary law consists of the legal instruments established on the basis of treaties and includes unilateral agreements, conventions and secondary sources. Unilateral acts can be categorized in two perspectives, those enlisted in article 288 of the EU Functioning; directives, regulations, recommendations, opinions and decisions. The second groups are those not listed on article 288 of the EU Functioning, which is atypical acts which may include recommendations, green or white papers, and communications issued by the EU. Secondary sources also include international agreements which the EU accents to, member state’s agreements, as well as agreements reached out between or among institutions of the EU. On the other hand, supplementary sources consist of law elements not covered in the treaties. This category extends to general law principles, international law and court case laws (EUROPA, 2010).

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