ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Major Mountain Ranges Of The World

Updated on September 13, 2012

A Mountain Range is a collection of several high and low mountains, often termed as its peaks. It may consist of several valleys and river channels formed by water rushing down from melting glaciers.

Mountain ranges consist of several peaks and each of this peak has its own physical features, but still they have something in common like height and mountain formation according to type. In the famous Himalayan mountain range, most of the mountains are over 7200 metres, including the highest peak Mount Everest.

There are many famous mountain ranges that exist in almost every continent and have been summarized in the following text. But out of all these mountain ranges, one very important Mountain Range is the Ocean Ridge, which is the longest mountain range in the world.

The Andes Mountain Range
The Andes Mountain Range


When we talk about world’s major mountain ranges the first name comes is our minds is Andes, Andes is one of the supreme natural feature of earth.

It is biggest mountain range of the world, on the surface of a continent. It lies in Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.  This chain of highlands is along with western coast of South America.

This range is about 8900 kilometers long and 700 kilometers wide. The famous Mount Aconcagua lies in this range at the border of Argentina and Chile. 

The Rocky Mountain Range
The Rocky Mountain Range

Rocky Mountains

Rocky Mountains, informally known as Rockies, are mountain range on North America. This range includes all uplands and mountains of New Mexico, British Colombia and north Alberta in Canada and United States of America. 

The highest peak of this range is Mount Elbert. From physiographical point of view that is soil, landform and drainage and from geological point of view that is types of rocks, their origin and age.

This range is divided into four sub-divisions; southern Rockies, northern Rockies, middle Rockies and Canadian Rockies. An approximate length of this range is 6035 kilometers. 

The Himalayan Mountain Range
The Himalayan Mountain Range


The Himalayan, mountain range has some of the highest mountain peaks in the world including the gigantic Mount Everest, and is in Asia.

This range, excluding Karakoram and Hindu Kush, is 2400 kilometers long and about 400 kilometers wide, forms an arc from west in Indus river valley to east Brahmaputra river Valley. 

Many of Himalaya’s peaks are scared of Buddhist as well as for Hindus. The countries in which this chain of top peaks spread includes: Bhutan, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and China.

The Himalayan Mountain Range

The Great Dividing Range
The Great Dividing Range

Great Dividing Range

Great Dividing Range or the Eastern Highland or Eastern Cordillera or the Great Divide, all refer to the world’s fourth largest mountain range in Australia.

This range is a bit different from other mountain ranges. It is not a single mountain range in fact a complex cluster of escarpments, plateaus, uplands and mountains. The range has an ancient, interesting and complex geological history as it was home to the ancient Australian Aboriginal Tribes.

Great Dividing Range falls in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria. This range is approximately 3500 kilometers long.

The Tien Shan Range
The Tien Shan Range

Tien Shan

Tien Shan is a mountain range in central Asia. This mountain range is spread in China, Pakistan, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The range stretches approximately 2500 kilometers.

It bisects the territory of Turkistan. The highest peak of these mountains is Victory peak. Other than being the highest peak of Tien Shan range, Victory Peak is highest spot in Kyrgyzstan. It is formed by collision of Indian and Eurasian plates. This collision had occurred in The Cenozoic era. 

The Alps Range
The Alps Range


Alps or alpen (in German) or alpi (in Italian) or aples (in French), all are names of a vast mountain range in Europe.

This range of mountains and uplands starting from Austria in east and ends in Slovenia going through France, Germany, Italy, Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

The range is about 1200 kilometers long. Sources of many major Europeans rivers; like Rhine, Rhone and Po, lies in this mountain range. Being not as huge, high and wide as Andes and Himalayas but still it is responsible for many phenomena related to geography. 

The Silk Route in the Karakoram range, near Hunza River
The Silk Route in the Karakoram range, near Hunza River
The magnificent K2
The magnificent K2


The Mountain range on the Pakistan-India-Iran-Afghanistan border is known as Karakorum Range. This range is about 500 kilometers long. Being exactly on the borders, this location gives this range an extraordinary geopolitical importance.

This range has mostly glaciated parts of which the two most famous are; Siachen Glacier and Biafo Glacier, outside the polar region. Karakoram is home of K2, world’s second highest peak, after Mount Everest.

The range is concentrated with many peaks and the high altitude in the terrain is the main reason of less inhabitation. For geologists, Karakorum (and Himalayas) is a main center of attraction to study the diverse nature of this region.

The Atlas Mountain Range
The Atlas Mountain Range


The Mountain range 2500 kilometers long extending though Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria is called Atlas mountain range or Atlas Mountains.

This mountain range is and was the home of many animal species of Africa like; atlas bear, Atlas cedar, atlas mountain viper and Barbary leopard.

Many of the African plant species such as European black pine, Algerian oak and dippers; are also found in these Atlas Mountains. Majority of inhabitants of the Atlas Mountains are Berbers, the ancient African tribes.

This range is further more divided into three subdivisions called; anti-atlas, middle-atlas and high atlas.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image 

      6 months ago

      In the section discussing the Himalayas your page says, "Many of Himalaya’s peaks are scared of Buddhist as well as for Hindus." Of course you meant many of the Himalayas peaks are sacred for Buddhists as well as for Hindus.

    • profile image


      15 months ago

      Great and fun to learn!

    • profile image 

      4 years ago


    • profile image

      juan jose 

      7 years ago

      helped with my homework!

    • profile image

      jodi jhon 

      7 years ago

      it's cool to look but because we never been in there we don't know what it really feel

      from eastern africa(eritrea)

    • profile image

      8 years ago

      thanks! for my geography project.

    • profile image

      Anirbita Ghosh 

      8 years ago

      It's awesome.It helped me in doing my geography project....

    • Denise Handlon profile image

      Denise Handlon 

      8 years ago from North Carolina

      Hi-I just connected with this hub through someone who linked yours to theirs. I've bookmarked it for later when I can spend more time reading it and enjoying it. This is an awesome hub from the overall appearance.

    • profile image

      wateva ma name is 

      8 years ago

      plz i just need the LARGEST mountain range help sm1

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      chears neeed help thx

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      You could add some maps of the world and show where they are. That'd be very helpful to some people.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Thanks so much for such an elabored and educative exposition of mountain ranges.i look forward to read more

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Enjoyed reading this..well done..

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Thank you for sharing this to us. I had a nice read.

    • hassam profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Pakistan

      Thank you! :) I will be looking forward to add more ranges to the list!

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      well very well done format and information, but I would have enjoyed to see a longer list. You needed to inform us about more mountain ranges of the world, for the few of us who like to beyond the normal expectation.(Seeing that I have not yet acquired the correct skill that you would need to complete the task of making a digital smile, I will just simply say [smile])

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      this is great its a whole load of knowledge

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      awwwwsome that is very cool to have all the information there but i think that you will need more to help others and me too well this all my comment soooooooooooo peace yall and good nigth

    • ronthoughts profile image


      9 years ago from Manila, Philippines

      these are wonderful infos of the greatest mountains in the planet. i love Himalayas!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)