ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Making of stone tools in the period of Neolithic age

Updated on September 7, 2016

Neolithic age

Source

Period of the Neolithic age

This period lasted from about 8,000 BC till about 4,000 BC. The tools of this New Stone Age were more advanced than earlier tools, much sharper than the tools of Mesolithic Period. They sparkled due to polishing technique used over them. Tools of this period were axes, sickles, spears and arrow heads.

Stone tools

Source

Making of tools

Tools belonging to the three Stone Age periods were found at many places. Stone was easily available at time, therefore, most of the tools were made of stone. Early tools were made from crude stone and were used for particular needs. Later, they discovered flint, a type of stone and used it for making tools and weapons. Flint has special qualities, it can chip easily and can be molded into different shapes.

Small and big stones were used to make tools and weapons. Axe head, hammers and choppers were made from big stones. The Axe head was tied to a stick which made it a more efficient tool. Knives and scrapers were made from small pieces of stones. Arrows and spears made from smaller stones were used to hunt animals.

Techniques of tool making

The stone tools were produced by two distinct techniques.

Stone on stone:- In this method, one hand of the toolmaker firmly held stone or re from which the tool was to be made. With other hand, another stone was d as a hammer. Hammer stone was used to strike off flakes from the core stone till the required shape and size obtained.

Pressure flaking:- In this method, the core stone was placed on a firm ground or surface. The hammer stone was placed on a piece of bone or stone that was on the core to remove flakes that could be shaped into tools.

Uses of stone

Source

Uses of stone

The stone tools were used to dig the ground, hunt animals and skin them, cut trees, scrape the barks of trees, chop meat, fruits and wood and to stitch animals skins for making clothes.

The discovery of light fire

With passing time, early humans learnt to light fire, which is considered as one of their greatest discoveries. Perhaps they rubbed two stones together, accidentally and the sparks fell on some dry leaves that went up in flames.

The discovered that the flesh of animals tasted better when heated on fire and learnt cooking.

Neolithic age pot

Source

Colorful pictures

Early humans made colorful pictures on the walls, inside the caves. They made the color by grinding together different – colored stones. Pictures were painted by them on rocks using bamboo brushes.

Rock paintings

Early humans lived in caves and they decorated them with paintings on the walls. These drawings were of running wild horses, bison, bears, stags and herds of other animals. Some of these are found in Madhya Pradesh and Southern Uttar Pradesh. Red, green, white and ocher colors are used in the paintings.

These paintings also show men hunting (either in groups or alone), riding, women grinding and preparing food and dancing.

Invention of the wheel

Invention of the wheel was a very important step towards the development of the early humans. The invention of wheel also resulted in improved pottery – making.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)