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Managerial Functions

Updated on November 11, 2013

Managerial Functions

The functions which describe managerial job, when put together, make up the management process. This process is analyzed into key functions of management viz., planning, organizing, staffing, directing and controlling. Planning, organizing and controlling which deal mostly with non-human aspects are known as mechanics of management, whereas staffing and direction which are primarily concerned with human aspects constitute dynamics of management. In the conceptual scheme, though the functions are listed out in a sequence, I practice they are interlocked as a system. As all functions are not equally important for all managers, time spent by them for each of these functions varies according to their levels in the organization. These functions has been discussed below:

  1. Planning: Planning refers to anticipate the opportunity, problems and conditions and choosing from among the alternative future courses of action. The planning process generally includes the following activities.

    1. Forecasting is looking ahead to anticipate the opportunity, problems and conditions in a future period of time.

    2. Establishing objectives means setting the end results to be accomplished by directing organizational efforts.

    3. Programming is establishing sequence and priority of actions to be followed in the attainment of the objectives.

    4. Scheduling is deciding on time sequence for program steps.

    5. Budgeting is allocation of resources to minimize costs.

    6. Establishing procedures means developing and applying standardized methods of performing a specific work.

    7. Developing policies involve establishment and interpretation of standing decisions that apply to repetitive questions and problems of significance to be organization as a whole.

  1. Organizing function: The organizing function of management is the process of defining and grouping of activities and creating authority relationship among them. It consists of

    1. Developing the organization structure which involves identification of task and grouping them into units or departments for performance.

    2. Delegating authority to the managers and making him responsible for group performance.

    3. Establishing relations creating conditions necessary for mutually fooperative efforts of people in the organization.

  2. Staffing: Planning the organization with suitable personnel constitutes the staffing function. It involves selection, training and development, compensation, and appraisal of subordinates by the manager. Manpower planning and manpower management looks after these activities and try to ensure suitable methods of remuneration and performance appraisal of the employees.

  3. Directing Function: involves managing people and the work through the means of motivation, proper leadership, effective communication and coordination. A manager must develop ability to command. He should issue orders and instructions without arousing any resentment among the subordinates. He must be able to secure willing obedience from his subordinates without destroying their initiative and creativity. Moreover, it requires a sound communication system to enable exchange of ideas and information for common understanding.

  4. Controlling Function: enables management to ensure that achievement is in accordance with the established plans it involves:

    1. Establishing performance standards for evaluating results.

    2. Performance on the basis of records and reports on the progress of work.

    3. Performance evaluation against the standards set.

    4. Corrective action to regulate operations, remove deficiencies and improve performance

Related topics:

Definition of Management: Click Here

Management and Administration Click Here

Management as a profession

Management: Click Here

Classification of managerial skills

Social Responsibilities of Management

To read management stories please click here


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    • jesusmyjoy profile image

      Betty Bolden 7 years ago from Bucyrus Ohio

      wonderful

    • prasetio30 profile image

      prasetio30 7 years ago from malang-indonesia

      thanks for share with us. it is very useful and very informative. I get new information here. great hub

    • jacobkuttyta profile image
      Author

      jacobkuttyta 7 years ago from Delhi, India

      Thanks for your comments

    • edguider profile image

      edguider 7 years ago

      Thanks Jacob, great hubs you got here :)

    • jacobkuttyta profile image
      Author

      jacobkuttyta 7 years ago from Delhi, India

      Edguider, thanks for your comment

    • profile image

      Jonathan  7 years ago

      Thanks a lot

    • profile image

      anuraj 7 years ago

      thanks,,,, it is very useful to me...

      -anuraj.

    • aakashlaghari profile image

      aakashlaghari 7 years ago

      nice

    • profile image

      PoeticWill18 7 years ago

      Great info.

    • doogieraz profile image

      doogieraz 7 years ago

      Great and informed stuff that obviously comes from prolific experience! I'd sure work for you.

      A grand hub.

      Peace.

      -Doug

    • jacobkuttyta profile image
      Author

      jacobkuttyta 7 years ago from Delhi, India

      Thanks all for your visits and comments

    • lovelife999 profile image

      lovelife999 7 years ago

      i think you have got some spark. good luck.

    • profile image

      Zomermarketing 7 years ago

      excellent

    • profile image

      anitastroud 7 years ago

      This hub is very helpful. This takes much of the guesswork out of managing a company.

    • profile image

      NOwrin mim 7 years ago

      thx......this site is very useful.....

      it made my work easy.....and fast...

      Nowrin MIm

    • profile image

      NOwrin mim 7 years ago

      thx......this site is very useful.....

      it made my work easy.....and fast...

      Nowrin MIm

    • profile image

      mohd adil 7 years ago

      motivating is one of the manegerial function of a pr.

    • profile image

      aadilziya 7 years ago

      thnx 4 ur information nd motivate is one mang fun of pr nd queen alizabeth was a great pr of the world.

    • jacobkuttyta profile image
      Author

      jacobkuttyta 7 years ago from Delhi, India

      Thanks all for your visit and comment

    • bobluisusa profile image

      bobluisusa 7 years ago from Edison

      Superb dear!

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      hope you will provide more information about managerial skills.

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    • profile image

      planetcaravan72 7 years ago

      Excellently written and very informative facts about managerial functions. You 'managed' to put a complex topic in a concise and comprehensive article.

    • profile image

      mian aamir 7 years ago

      thanks so much for sharing great information, keep it up in future.

    • profile image

      mian aamir 7 years ago

      thanks so much for sharing great information, keep it up in future.

    • Ohanenye Stephen profile image

      Ohanenye Stephen 7 years ago from Lagos, Nigeria

      Nice, and informative. It's fairly comprehensive enough !

    • profile image

      masroor 7 years ago

      good job it's really very informative,thanks for sharing.

    • jacobkuttyta profile image
      Author

      jacobkuttyta 7 years ago from Delhi, India

      Thanks all for your comment and visit.

      It is very encouraging

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      Waqas 7 years ago

      Very good source for every one and its explained in wonderful style

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      pls i need tbhe full detali of couse or this book

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      lata 6 years ago

      thanx a lot

    • profile image

      Achut k ojha 6 years ago

      really change in my life management

    • profile image

      swarupa 6 years ago

      Thanks....

      It's really good, It's help me for management study

    • profile image

      Serwaa ucc 6 years ago

      It gives more details about anything concerning management functions and management itself.its very good!

    • profile image

      umesh,Indea 6 years ago

      its a very good details

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      it is the very good matter about yhe mba students

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      jones omayemi 6 years ago

      it help in putting me in perspective

    • profile image

      kumar 6 years ago

      a very good description about the managerial function. thanks

    • profile image

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    • jacobkuttyta profile image
      Author

      jacobkuttyta 6 years ago from Delhi, India

      Thanks all for your kind visit and comments

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      Noluthando 6 years ago

      who are the leaders in the working? and why is laedership a mangerial function?

    • profile image

      robert 6 years ago

      helpful

    • profile image

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      Really it is very helpful.

    • profile image

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      That managerial functions are exercised on the functioin s of business. discuss.

      pls i need an answer!

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