ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • Geography, Nature & Weather

Manufacturing Industries In India: Classification

Updated on December 25, 2014

Classification Of Industries

Industries can be classified on the basis of source of raw materials, management, size and others like location and nature of product, etc.

Classification Of Industries

Classification On The Basis Of Raw Materials

(a) On the basis of consumption of raw materials, there are two type of industries: heavy industry and light industry.

  1. Heavy Industry needs more capital, sophisticated equipment, skilled and unskilled labour and large quantity of raw material. Its finished products are also heavy. Examples: Iron and steel industry, locomotives and automobiles.
  2. Light Industry needs less capital, less number of workers and its finished products are light in weight. Examples: Electric goods, TV sets and sewing machines.

(b) On the basis of source of raw materials, industries can be classified as agro-based, mineral-based, animal-based and forest-based industries.

  1. Agro-based Industries are those which depend on agriculture for the supply of their raw materials. Examples: Sugar, jute, cotton, vegetable oil and food processing industries.
  2. Mineral-based Industries which receive their raw materials from minerals. Examples: Iron and steel, aluminium, cement and shipbuilding industries.
  3. Animal-based Industries depend on animals for their supply of raw materials. Examples: Woollens, silk, dairy products, poultry, hides and skins and leather industries.
  4. Forest-based Industries which receive their raw materials from the forest products. Examples: Paper, cardboard, tanning of leather, lac and timber industries.

Some of the pharmaceutical industries also depend on forest products and medicinal plants for the manufacture of drugs.


Classification On The Basis Of Management Of Industries

  1. Private Sector Industries are managed and owned by individual industrialists or firms manufacturing engineering and electronic goods.
  2. Public Sector Industries are owned and controlled by State or Central Governments. These industries comprise public utilities like railways, transport services, post and telegraph, refineries, irrigation projects and defence establishments. Examples: Companies like Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and Electronic Corporation of India.
  3. Joint Sector Industries are jointly managed by the private firms and the State or Central Government. Examples: Oil India Limited.
  4. Cooperative sector industries are owned and managed on cooperative basis by those who are producers of raw materials. Example: Sugar mills run by farmers producing sugarcane.

Classification on the Basis Of Size Of Industries

On the basis of size, the industries can be classified as

  1. Large-scale Industries which employ large number of workers in each unit and produce on a large scale with huge investment on raw material and machinery. Examples: Automobile and iron and steel.
  2. Medium-scale Industries employ neither too large nor too small number of workers. Examples: Cycle, radio and paper mills.
  3. Small-scale Industries are small industries run by individuals in which a few workers are employed and goods produced are mostly for daily consumption. Examples: Rice mill, flour mill and bakery.

Other Types Of Classification Of Industries

(a) On the basis of location:

  1. Cottage Industry — Basically the term cottage industry means business activity carried on at home. It is essentially a small-scale unit in which skilled artisans and craftsmen work with the help of family members and make various articles of wood, brass, ivory and stone. The other products of cottage industry are carpets, hand-woven sarees and decorative items of sandalwood. Cottage industry is grouped into village industry, handloom and khadi industry, coir industry and handicraft industry.

(b) On the basis of finished product or function:

  1. Basic Industry is the one on which other industries depend for their manufacturing. Examples: Iron and steel industry is the basic or key industry for almost all the important industries.
  2. Secondary or Consumer Industry converts the raw materials into primary goods for direct use by the consumers. Examples: Bakeries, paper, textiles and sugar.
  3. Tertiary Industries are public utility-based services like transport, roads and railways which help other industries.
  4. Ancillary Industries are industries which manufacture spare parts and components for big industries like buses, aircraft, heavy electrical industry, engines and locomotives.

(c) Labour-intensive industries are industries which require huge labour for running the industry. Examples: Shoe-making, bidi-making and firecracker industry.

Rate This Hub

5 out of 5 stars from 1 rating of Manufacturing Industries In India: Classification

© 2014 Rachit Bhargava

Please provide your valuable comments for this article!

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)