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This day in Marine Corps History: 27 May

Updated on June 11, 2016

The Revolutionary War

1775 - The Marine Detachment embarked on the Continental Navy Ship Lee participated in the capture of a British cargo ship containing provisions for British forces in Boston.

Marines of the Frigate Navy

Marines of the Frigate Navy were organized as detachments and were tasked with providing warship's close-in defense, spearheading boarding parties and conducting amphibious raids.
Marines of the Frigate Navy were organized as detachments and were tasked with providing warship's close-in defense, spearheading boarding parties and conducting amphibious raids. | Source

The War of 1812

On this day in 1813, U.S. Marine detachments from the Lake Ontario squadron conducted an amphibious landing in Canada with an Army regiment which subsequently led to the seizure of Fort George (The Battle of Fort George). Fort George is located in Niagara on the Lake, Ontario and was an important British post. In conjunction with Fort Niagara (Youngstown, New York), it controlled maritime traffic entering and leaving Lake Ontario via the Niagara River.

Fort George and Fort Niagara

The Battle of Okinawa

Near the conclusion of World War II (1945), the Sixth Marine Division (6th MarDiv) captured Naha, the capital city of Okinawa.


"With the captured capital of Naha as a background, Marine Maj. Gen. Lemuel Shepherd, commanding general of the 6th Marine Division, relaxes on an Okinawan ridge long enough to consult a map of the terrain." Pfc. Sam Weiner, ca. June 1945.
"With the captured capital of Naha as a background, Marine Maj. Gen. Lemuel Shepherd, commanding general of the 6th Marine Division, relaxes on an Okinawan ridge long enough to consult a map of the terrain." Pfc. Sam Weiner, ca. June 1945. | Source
A map depicting the U.S. forces landing plan.
A map depicting the U.S. forces landing plan. | Source

Sixth Marine Division

The Sixth Marine Division (6th MarDiv) was the last division formed by the Marine Corps and was the only Marine unit every to be formed and disbanded overseas while never being stationed on U.S. soil.

The division was formed in 1944 in the Solomon Islands (South Pacific), participated in the Battle for Okinawa in 1945, and was disbanded in 1946 while conducting occupation activities in China.

The 6th MarDiv was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for its achievements during the Battle of Okinawa.

Divisional insignia of the "Striking" Sixth Marine Division.
Divisional insignia of the "Striking" Sixth Marine Division. | Source
U.S. Marine Corsairs flying over Korea.
U.S. Marine Corsairs flying over Korea. | Source

Marine Aviation in the Korean Conflict

On this day in 1951, VMF-214 and 323 begin using the K-46 dirt strip near the front lines as a forward base, rotating up to a dozen Corsairs there from the main K-1 base, as a means to cut down response time for close air support missions. The 1st MAW also begins to use transport aircraft to drop flares at night in support of Marine ground units.

VMF is the abbreviation for a Marine Fighter Squadron.

The K-46 dirt strip was located near Hoengseong, approximately 50 miles south of the current Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) or the 1951 front line.The K-1 airfield was located in Pusan, approximately 225 miles south of the DMZ.

U.S. Marines in Chu Lai, 1965
U.S. Marines in Chu Lai, 1965 | Source

1966 The Vietnam Conflict

The Fifth Marine Regiment (5th Marines) headquarters arrived in Chu Lai, Vietnam from the Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California.

A component of the First Marine Division (1st MarDiv), the "Fighting Fifth" would remain in Vietnam for five years and redeploy to Camp Pendleton during April 1971.


Semper Fidelis
Semper Fidelis | Source

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