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Maya 2012 - The Months of the Year
The meshing of the calendar wheels...
The Mayan Calendar - How to read a Mayan date.
An example date in the Gregorian calendar (common calendar) would be January 5, 2012.
That date in the Mayan calendars is 22.214.171.124.9 (Long Count calendar); 17 Kankin (Haab or daily calendar) and 4 Muluc (Tzolkin Count calendar).
The Long Count calendar represents the celestial calendar and it is driven by the precessional alignment of the Milky Way galaxy with the Earth.
Reading left to right, the notation 126.96.36.199.9 means:
12 Baktun (1,728,000 days)
19 Katun (+ 136,800 days)
19 Tun (+ 6,840 days)
0 Uinal (+ 0 days)
9 Kin (+ 9 days)
This means that there have been 1,871,649 days or 5,127.81 years accounted for in the Long Count calendar since the last alignment of the Milky Way center with the Earth as of today, January 5, 2012 if my math is correct.
On December 21, 2012, the long count calendar will reach 188.8.131.52.0 which completes its 5,128.76 year great cycle (my math may be inaccurate here, I'm not as smart as the Maya) and will begin again. This also corresponds to our sun passing between the center of the great dark rift of the Milky Way Galaxy and 'eclipsing' the Earth.
In other words - 12/21/2012 will mark a celestial eclipse of the center of our galaxy which only occurs every 5,128 years give or take a few years.
The Maya were the first and arguably the only Mesoamerican astronomers able to calculate this celestial occurrence. The Aztecs, who are more notoriously known for the Aztec Cosmos Sun Stone, stole all of this astronomical knowledge from the Maya.
There is even some evidence that the Maya sailed over the Pacific and are originally of Asian descent. There is a great deal of resemblance between the Maya and the Malaysian people. Their designs and styles are quite similar.
The Tzolkin or months of the year
The Haab, or daily calendar (see video) is determined by the numeric alignment of a circle of numbers (0 - 13) aligned with a circle of the 20 day names. Think of an inner gear with 14 teeth meshing with an outer gear of 20 teeth.
If you look at the photo of the Mayan calendar here, all you will see are the months of the year. Months in Mayan are called Uinals. There are 18 named months of the year and a small named "month" of only 5 days.
The calendar does not show the inner gear of 0-13 numbers and the other inner gear of the 20 day glyphs. This calendar only shows the named months of the solar year. If you watch the video, you will see how these gears interact to produce the 'day of the week' plus the 'month of the year'.
Now there is yet another giant sized wheel surrounding the three inner gears. It is called the "Great Round" or great wheel. This giant wheel is the source of all mystery about the Mayan calendar. The chiefs and priests and astronomers of the day kept the Great Round wheel a secret for the most part. The Great Round is what measures the 5,128 year cycle of the universe.
The Great Round could predict the solar and lunar eclipses which gave "power" to the priests and therefore the chiefs and astronomers. Technically, it is used to calculate mathematical precession of the Earth, sun and Milky Way galaxy.
This is pretty easy for us to do in today's world with our powerful telescopes and measuring devices, but imagine what it was like for the Maya! It is astounding that they could measure these things.
The Mayan Months of the Tzolkin
The Mayan Month Name
Length of the Uinal
0 Pop to 19 Pop (20 days)
0 Uo to 19 Uo (20 days)
0 Zip to 19 Zip (20 days)
0 Zotz to 19 Zotz (20 days)
0 Tzec to 19 Tzec (20 days)
0 Xul to 19 Xul (20 days)
0 Yaxkin to 19 Yaxkin (20 days)
0 Mol to 19 Mol (20 days)
0 Chen to 19 Chen (20 days)
0 Yax to 19 Yax (20 days)
0 Zak to 19 Zak (20 days)
0 Keh to 19 Keh (20 days)
0 Mac to 19 Mac (20 days)
0 Kankin to 19 Kankin (20 days)
0 Muan to 19 Muan (20 days)
0 Pax to 19 Pax (20 days)
0 Kayeb to 19 Kayeb (20 days)
0 Kumku to 19 Kumku (20 days)
Way'eb (Ghost Days)
0 Wayeb to 4 Wayeb (5 days)
The Mayan Prophecy
So back to our sample date - 1/5/2012
Today's date of January 5th, 2012 would equal to the 17th day of the Mayan month of Kankin and the 4th Muluc (day name).
Just for grins and giggles - because it truly amuses me how people have come to the conclusion that the world will end when the Mayan calendar ends, I present the "end of the world" date in Mayan!
The date for the alleged end of the world Mayan "prophecy" will be - See Photo - Click it to enlarge.
Contains the pyramid of Kulkulcan
Considered the Northern outpost of the Maya
Guided tours are available in this lovely jungle site
A Mayan ruin right on the beach!
Guatemala is the home of today's modern Maya. Tikal was one of the most important city ruins ever found.
The Mayan Calendar Collector's Edition
The study of heavenly cycles is common to most ancient cultures. The ancient Egyptians, Chinese, and Babylonians all tried to make sense of the year. But it fell to the later Mesoamerican Maya to create a series of calendars that could be cross referenced. In doing so, the Maya discovered many strange numerical harmonics. Their lunar calendar was extremely accurate-far more so than the Greek Metonic cycle; they tracked Venus to an accuracy of less than a day in five hundred years and their tables could have been used to predict eclipses seven hundred years in the future. This book will provide a much needed compact guide to the Mayan calendar systems as well as covering the essentials of calendar development throughout the world.
© 2012 Lela