Medical Ethics Guidance
A GUIDANCE TOWARDS MEDICAL ETHICS FROM HOLY QURAN
The Quran and Sunna guide us in every feature and field of life. I would like to describe a Hadith-e-Qudsi that there are two branches of knowledge that Almighty Allah like most:
(i) Ilmul Adyaan the Knowledge of Religion
(ii) Ilmul Abdan the Knowledge of Bodies.
These two branches of knowledge directly relate with the existence and fitness of all human beings. The first branch of knowledge; knowledge of religion fulfills our spiritual needs of soul that rests in our body, and the second branch of knowledge; knowledge of bodies, teaches us how we can keep fit our body that is home of our soul. The Importance of medical education is clear from this Hadith and being medical students, we are proud that Allah Almighty has given us the opportunity to get the knowledge that He like most and we should thank Him that we have been selected for this noblest profession. It is now our duty to learn ethics and moral values for this profession and help those who come to us for medical treatment and advice. I as humble Muslim student of medicine have tried to learn these ethics & moral values from the Holy Quran and I share following with my fellows as well:
"And Allah must advance guidance to those who seek guidance"
Moral means that one is able to understand the difference between right and wrong. Ethics is to apply these moral principles systematically. So the 1st principle that should be followed is:
A doctor should differentiate between right and wrong and should not be carried away by the pomp and the glory of the world. As Allah says:
"Say not equal are things that are bad and that are good, Even though the abundance of bad may dazzle the, so fear Allah, Oye, that understand that so (ye) may prosper."
(Al Madiah 5:100)
It is important to inculcate in the minds of Muslim students that good deeds never go wasted. As Allah says:
"If any does good the reward to him is better than his deed"
He / she should seek Allah's guidance to correctly diagnose & treat the disease. As said:
"Show us the straight path"
A doctor should prescribe the whole treatment, as wrong one will not only prolong the disease but may prove fatal as well; Allah fear us from such thing as:
"Woe to those that deal in fraud. Those who, when they have to receive by measures from men, exact full measures. But when they have to give by measures or weight to men, give less than due. Do they not think that they will be called to account? On Mighty day"
Doctor should try to update his knowledge. It has been described as a responsibility in the Holy Quran as:
"And he who brings the truth and he who confirms it. Such are the men who do right"
Doctor should not conceal the method of treatment. As it is said:
"Those who conceal the clears we have sent down and the guidance after we have made it clear for the people in book. On them shall be Allah's Curse."
(Al Baqrah 2:159)
From various options of treatment doctor should choose the best available, as:
"And follow the best of revealed to you from your Lord, before the penalty comes on you of sudden-while ye perceive not!"
A doctor must resent various lusts & temptations as Allah says:
"Nor follow the lusts, for they will mislead thee from the path of Allah"
Doctor should always be polite to the patients. As Allah says beautifully:
"A goodly word in like goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed & branches reach to Heaven."
Doctor should not commit negligence. If unintentionally something bad happens, must replace it with a good deed as advised by Allah,
"But if any have done wrong and have thereafter substituted good to take place of evil, truly, I am oft-forgiving, Most Merciful."
Allah always has reward for good deeds. Doctor is bestowed with knowledge. If he treats ailing humanity with fear of Allah he will be rewarded. As said:
"Is there any reward of good other than good...?"
Also Allay says:
"That He may reward those who believe and work righteous deeds out of His bounty; for He loves not those who rejects faith"
(Ar Rum 30:45)
From this we can gather that Islam and Quran should be an integral part of our lives. To summarize, in the light of Holy Quran, a doctor should be fair, humble, patient, generous, very much concerned about the health of patient always ready to gain knowledge and care provider for the humanity. These are the excellent qualities to have, and by acquiring these, doctors not only practice their profession on the basis of certain ethics but also contribute to the welfare of society by setting example of sound moral character. May Allah Bless us all with true spirits of Islam. Ameen....!!