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Migrating to Australia – What, Why and How?

Updated on January 8, 2014
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Immigration – What exactly is it?

Immigration is the process of natives/citizens of one country moving to another country permanently. There are various factors that contribute to Immigration like family re-unification, political and/or economic reasons, the wish to change one's surroundings voluntarily or natural disasters in your home country forcing you to move out and make a living elsewhere.

According to the United Nations Global Migration Statistics, more people than ever are living abroad. The number of International Migrants has increased from 175 million in the year 2000 to 232 million people today, i.e., 3.2% of the world’s population!

Why Migrate to Australia?

Australia is a developed country and the world’s 12th largest economy. It ranks quite highly in several international comparisons of national performance like health, quality of life, education, the protection of political rights and civil liberties, and economic freedom.

So, if Australia is such a great nation, then does it actually need immigrants? If yes, then why?

Yes. Australia needs immigrants. Every country needs people to work in the various sectors of its economy. However, some countries like Australia and Canada has a shortage of workers in specific professions. Each country accepts immigrants from various countries to fill this skill-shortage in their own country.

Whenever there is an opening in a specific occupation, the country announces about that specific occupation and if there are no qualified personnel in the country, the position is offered to immigrants. This way, Australian Immigration fills its skill-shortage and allows skilled professionals from other countries to reap the benefits of living and working in Australia.

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How does Migrating to Australia help Immigrants?

  1. Ideally, every individual has ample opportunities to work and lead a successful and happy life in their home country. However, many countries do not provide enough opportunities for its citizens due to various factors. As we mentioned above, these people can migrate to Australia and work in the country thereby fulfilling the need of Australian employment sector and their own.
  2. Many people who migrate to Australia from 3rd world countries do so to enjoy a better quality of life. Through Australian immigration, people living in the country enjoy a high standard of living. From public transport to housing, education, Medicare system and the list goes on!
  3. Australia also has a world-class education system with opportunities for people of all age groups and levels of ability which inspires many people to migrate to Australia.

Australia Immigration Statistics from 1996 to 2010 by By A Valerious (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0]
Australia Immigration Statistics from 1996 to 2010 by By A Valerious (Own work) [CC-BY-SA-3.0] | Source

Some statistics about Australian Immigration

Don’t know if you should believe us about the demand for Australian Immigration? Take a look at these statistics and decide yourself!

Australian Permanent Immigration Program

Permanent program of Australian Immigration has two components:

  1. Australian Immigration Component: This consists of migrants in the Skilled Stream, Family Stream and Special Eligibility migrants.
  2. Australian Humanitarian Component: This is for refugees, asylum seekers and people migrating on humanitarian grounds.

Permanent Migration Program

There are 3 streams under the Permanent Migration Program for immigrants to enter Australia: Skill, Family and Special Eligibility. Selection is based on a case-by-case assessment of applications while each category is governed by distinctly detailed rules.

In the Migration Program of 2013–14, Australian Immigration plans to accept 190,000 places which comprises of:

  • 565 places for special eligibility migrants, including former Australian Permanent Residents who maintained close personal, business or cultural ties with the country;
  • 60,885 places for family migrants who are sponsored by family members already living in Australia;
  • 128,550 places for skilled migrants which includes business migrants, employer sponsored migrants and skilled independent migrants.

The Family Stream amounts to 32.0% while the Skill Stream amounts to 67.7% of the program.

Image by kconnors
Image by kconnors | Source

Australia Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189)

Skilled Professionals can migrate to Australia through several ways. However, we will take a look at Australia Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) which, as the name suggests, is for skilled professionals who want to migrate to Australia and apply for Australian Permanent Residence.

Many applicants who opt for Australian Immigration also seek Australian Permanent Residence, but only a few succeed in holding an Australia Skilled Independent Visa. This is because, before they are entitled to get this Visa and reap its benefits, they are asked to prove their eligibility. However, application success largely depends on the current assessment process.

Australia is a developed country and one of the world’s most beautiful destinations. There is tremendous growth in education, business, healthcare and hospitality rate since decades. Well-known for its most advanced research schools, businesses, colleges and universities with worldwide employment opportunities, migrating to Australia for higher studies or work is definitely worthwhile.

People who want to migrate to Australia depending on their skills or work experience need to apply for Skilled Independent Visa which falls under the Subclass 189. This is a visa to gain Australian Permanent Residence (PR). Thousands of people all over the world successfully migrate to Australia each year to enjoy several benefits.

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Eligibility for Australia Skilled Independent Visa

To be able to get a valid visa, you first need to understand several factors that Australian immigration authorities would consider. To help you understand better, here are the details of basic requirements to migrate to Australia via Skilled Independent Visa. Every applicant should:

  • Submit an Expression of Interest (EOI) through SkillSelect
  • Have ample knowledge of English language
  • Have minimum work experience in the relevant skilled occupation
  • Be less than 50 years of age at the time of approval
  • Score at least 60 on the points test
  • Should meet the suitable skills assessment tests as per the Australian immigration policy
  • Proof of funds (Need to prove that you are financially stable and will not use government funds)
  • Not being involved in human rights’ violations or crime

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The working conditions, education and business opportunities are much better in Australia than many developed nations. This is the reason why most people from overseas migrate to Australia to study or work and settle in the country. There are now a large number of people who are enjoying the friendly working atmosphere, relaxed lifestyle and a better education or work-life balance who made use of the Australian Immigration system.

So, if you or any of your friends wish to migrate to Australia, then go for it! The Aussies are usually warm people who welcome everyone with open arms.

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Australia or 'Oz' the land of innumerable opportunities for Skilled Migrants!

**Recent update about applying for Australian Immigration

From 7th December, 2013, Australian Immigration has created a new single point of entry into the country’s online visa services called as ImmiAccount. Through this online system, one can not only create, submit their online application, but also pay for and manage them all in one place.

ImmiAccount connects users to all online services managed by Australia’s Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP), including the Pricing Estimator, Visa Finder, VEVO (Visa Entitlement Verification Online) and My Health Declarations. However, Australian immigration will not accept applications for Citizenship and Electronic Travel Authority (ETA).

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    • Nandhu Chenna profile image

      Nandhu 3 years ago from India

      Great information on Australia Immigration. Can you write a similar article on Canada Immigration?:-)

    • biblicaliving profile image

      biblicaliving 3 years ago from U.S.A.

      Very well written and researched hub! My wife and I have been considering living abroad and I took a look at Australia. Unfortuantely it doesn't appear that we would be that much better off financially in Australia than the U.S. of A. You should consider a hub on the best places to immigrate for financial gain/benefit.

    • AvineshP profile image

      Avinesh Prahladi 3 years ago from Chandigarh

      Hi Anita Anne Asra, I feel that you have shared the information in a convenient & understandable manner. The effort is really appreciated and keep sharing such hubs in the future as well.

    • Anita Anne Asra profile image
      Author

      Opulentus Akhila Suri 3 years ago from Hyderabad

      Thank you so much! I was actually thinking about it, but I am not really hitting the right inspiration yet. I will see what I can do about it. Thanks again! :D

    • Anita Anne Asra profile image
      Author

      Opulentus Akhila Suri 3 years ago from Hyderabad

      Thank you so much biblicaliving! :D

      This is my first attempt at writing for Hubpages and I was not really sure about the reception.

      Thanks a lot and I'll start my research on your suggestion. I'll definitely write about it when I find enough info.

    • Anita Anne Asra profile image
      Author

      Opulentus Akhila Suri 3 years ago from Hyderabad

      Thank you AvineshP! :D

      Is good to hear that I was able to express myself clearly. Your encouragement is much appreciated.

    • Rae Saylor profile image

      Rae Saylor 3 years ago from Australia

      Looking to move to Melbourne next year for further studies and work. Thanks heaps for writing this hub ;-) Voted up!

    • AvineshP profile image

      Avinesh Prahladi 3 years ago from Chandigarh

      Hey Anita Anne Asra, as I am having plans to moving to Australia, please guide me more about this. Tell me even the minute details which can prove helpful in making the whole process easier.

    • Anita Anne Asra profile image
      Author

      Opulentus Akhila Suri 3 years ago from Hyderabad

      Thank you Rae Saylor! Glad I could be of help. :)

      Have a safe trip and All The Best for your future!

    • Anita Anne Asra profile image
      Author

      Opulentus Akhila Suri 3 years ago from Hyderabad

      Hey AvineshP, I am glad you asked for this. I will try to write a comprehensive article about moving to Australia.

      However, it will take some time. Please don't mind!

    • AvineshP profile image

      Avinesh Prahladi 3 years ago from Chandigarh

      Hey Anita Anne Asra, I completely understand. But, whenever you write the hub, please ensure that you have included the holistic information, like I even mentioned in my previous reply. If possible, try to share the immigration information about other countries as well.

      Thanks in advance.

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