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Mnemonic Device for Long Division

Updated on December 6, 2012
Time for some long division!
Time for some long division! | Source

How do I do long division?

Long Division is one of those basic concepts that always seems for some students to be a difficult concept to master. This is a basic mnemonic device ( a way to remember) the steps to long division.

Long Division

Divide | Source
Multiply & subtract
Multiply & subtract | Source
Bring Down
Bring Down | Source

Does McDonalds Serve Burgers?

This is just one of the few mnemonic devices that I use to teach long division.

Does = Divide

McDonalds = Multiply

Serve = Subtract

Burgers = Bring Down

Let's look at the problem to the right to see how this works.

The first step is to DIVIDE. What is 2 ÷ 2 = 1. 1 goes on top of the problem.

Second step MULTIPLY. 1 x 2 = 2. 2 goes below the dividend.

Third step SUBTRACT. 2 - 2 = 0.

Final step BRING DOWN. Bring down the next number which is a 4.



Repeat Does McDonalds Serve Burgers Steps

We are going to continue to repeat the steps until the problem is done.

We just brought down the 4 so now we need to Divide. 4÷2 = 2. 2 goes in the quotient on top.

We multiply the digit we just placed in the quotient 2 by the divisor 2. 2 × 2= 4.

We place the product below to create a subtraction problem. 4 - 4 = 0

Bring Down the next digit 6.

Repeat the steps again to finish the problem.


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    • kthix10 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from IL

      Thanks! I am planning on focusing more on my math hubs in the next several weeks

    • pstraubie48 profile image

      Patricia Scott 

      6 years ago from sunny Florida

      Good morning, kthix10, I am sharing this hub and pinning as well. I am also placing this link in a hub I am publishing about math in the next few days. Hats off to you. voted up

    • wmhoward4 profile image

      William A. Howard IV 

      6 years ago from Baltimore Maryland (USA)

      Anything I can try to get students to do long division is worth looking at.

    • kthix10 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from IL

      Thanks! I will try it out, I use a lot of screen shot type elements to create my images.

    • Pete Michner profile image

      Pete Michner 

      6 years ago from Virginia

      Nice Hub! You can make nice math markup for future hubs by using the LaTeX equation editor at and then right-click and save the image as a gif or png. It's not too hard a language to learn. for instance, to make a nice picture of ( 3 / sqrt( 4^2 + x ) ), you'd type "\frac{3}{\sqrt{4^2 + x}}" without the quotes. Note that the combo box that says "transparent" should be set to white for it to look good in most cases.

    • kthix10 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from IL

      I have quite a few math hubs already and will be adding daily as I have time.

    • rahul0324 profile image

      Jessee R 

      6 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      That is thoughtful I must say! You must be a gem of a teacher then! Helping kids shape up their own imagination is what I would dream my teacher to be like! Hats off!

      I must insist that you share your tricks and techs with us from time to time!

    • kthix10 profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from IL

      Thanks! This is the one I was taught as a child, but as an activity I also have the students try and create their own with the same letters.

    • rahul0324 profile image

      Jessee R 

      6 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Nice mnemonic! will surely teach it to my kids when they are born!! :-)


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