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Multiple Choice Questions on the Anatomy of Kidneys

Updated on June 30, 2015

MCQs on Anatomy of Kidneys-Structures of the Kidney; Parts labelled as per the order

1. Renal pyramid 3. Renal artery Renal vein Renal hylum Renal pelvis Ureter Minor calyx Renal capsule Inferior extremity Superior extremity Interlobar vein Nephron Renal sinus Major calyx Renal papilla Renal column
1. Renal pyramid 3. Renal artery Renal vein Renal hylum Renal pelvis Ureter Minor calyx Renal capsule Inferior extremity Superior extremity Interlobar vein Nephron Renal sinus Major calyx Renal papilla Renal column | Source

The Kidneys-Introduction

The kidneys are located at the back of the abdomen on either side of spine. The kidneys’ function is to remove waste products from the blood. It also regulates the fluid and electrolyte balance of the body. Diseases of the kidneys can be debilitating and life-threatening.

Below you will find a few questions and answers related to the anatomy of the kidneys.

The function of the urinary system is to

Remove waste products from the blood

Store and excrete urine

Secretion of certain hormones

All of the above

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Answer: All of the above

The physiological processes that produce the urine are EXCEPT

Glomerular filtration

Leukocyte production

Tubular reabsorption

Tubular secretion

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Answer: Leukocyte production

The basic functional unit of the kidney is

Cortex

Medulla

Nephron

Pelvis

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Answer: Nephron

A nephron is formed of

Renal corpuscle

Renal tubules

Nephron loop

All of the above

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Answer: All of the above

MCQs on Anatomy of Kidneys-Anatomy Tutorial

MCQs on Anatomy of Kidneys-The gland resting on the superior pole of the kidney is Adrenal Gland

1)Adrenal gland 2) Pyramid 3) Renal hilum 4) Papilla 5) Renal pelvis 6) Renal cortex (the medulla is pretty much everything that isn't cortex) 7) Ureter
1)Adrenal gland 2) Pyramid 3) Renal hilum 4) Papilla 5) Renal pelvis 6) Renal cortex (the medulla is pretty much everything that isn't cortex) 7) Ureter | Source

The hormone secreted by the kidneys is

Cytokinin

Erythropoietin

Erythromycin

Thymine

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Answer: Erythropoietin

The gland resting on the superior pole of the kidney is

Adrenal

Liver

Thymus

Thyroid

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Answer: Adrenal

The outermost tissue layer surrounding the kidney is

Fibrous capsule

Perinephric fat

Renal fascia

Paranephric fat

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Answer: Fibrous capsule

How many renal pyramids are there in a renal medulla of a typical kidney ?

1 -7

8-15

16-23

24-31

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Answer: 8-15

Which is the outer portion?

Renal cortex

Renal medulla

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Answer: Renal cortex

The tip of the renal pyramid that projects toward the renal sinus is

Renal Papilla

Renal Column

Renal Capsule

Renal Pelvis

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Answer: Renal Papilla


The part of the kidney where the blood vessels, nerves, and the ureter enter is

Calyx

Cortex

Hilum

Pelvis

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Answer: Hilum

Fill in the blanks

Long looped nephron important in establishing the medullary vertical osmotic gradient is .....................

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Answer: Juxtamedullary nephron

Most abundant type of nephron is ........................

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Answer: Cortical Nephron

The movement of fluid and dissolved substances from the blood plasma into the renal tubule takes place by ..............................

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Answer: Glomerular filtration

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    • thumbi7 profile image
      Author

      JR Krishna 3 years ago from India

      Hi Mary

      Thanks for the visit. Kidneys are pair of wonderful organs and the beauty is that even if you lose one of them, you don't have to worry much. Hope you are doing well without any problems.

      Thanks again for taking time to comment

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 3 years ago from Florida

      As one who lost a kidney due to a large staghorn stone, I am interested in the kidneys and their function. (I wrote a Hub about that experience). This is a very informative article, and I learned some new facts.

      Voted UP, etc. and shared.

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