ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • Life Sciences

Multiple Choice Questions on the Anatomy of Kidneys

Updated on June 30, 2015

MCQs on Anatomy of Kidneys-Structures of the Kidney; Parts labelled as per the order

1. Renal pyramid 3. Renal artery Renal vein Renal hylum Renal pelvis Ureter Minor calyx Renal capsule Inferior extremity Superior extremity Interlobar vein Nephron Renal sinus Major calyx Renal papilla Renal column
1. Renal pyramid 3. Renal artery Renal vein Renal hylum Renal pelvis Ureter Minor calyx Renal capsule Inferior extremity Superior extremity Interlobar vein Nephron Renal sinus Major calyx Renal papilla Renal column | Source

The Kidneys-Introduction

The kidneys are located at the back of the abdomen on either side of spine. The kidneys’ function is to remove waste products from the blood. It also regulates the fluid and electrolyte balance of the body. Diseases of the kidneys can be debilitating and life-threatening.

Below you will find a few questions and answers related to the anatomy of the kidneys.

The function of the urinary system is to

Remove waste products from the blood

Store and excrete urine

Secretion of certain hormones

All of the above

----------------------------------------------------

Answer: All of the above

The physiological processes that produce the urine are EXCEPT

Glomerular filtration

Leukocyte production

Tubular reabsorption

Tubular secretion

-----------------------------------------

Answer: Leukocyte production

The basic functional unit of the kidney is

Cortex

Medulla

Nephron

Pelvis

----------------------------

Answer: Nephron

A nephron is formed of

Renal corpuscle

Renal tubules

Nephron loop

All of the above

---------------------------------------

Answer: All of the above

MCQs on Anatomy of Kidneys-Anatomy Tutorial

MCQs on Anatomy of Kidneys-The gland resting on the superior pole of the kidney is Adrenal Gland

1)Adrenal gland 2) Pyramid 3) Renal hilum 4) Papilla 5) Renal pelvis 6) Renal cortex (the medulla is pretty much everything that isn't cortex) 7) Ureter
1)Adrenal gland 2) Pyramid 3) Renal hilum 4) Papilla 5) Renal pelvis 6) Renal cortex (the medulla is pretty much everything that isn't cortex) 7) Ureter | Source

The hormone secreted by the kidneys is

Cytokinin

Erythropoietin

Erythromycin

Thymine

-----------------------------------------

Answer: Erythropoietin

The gland resting on the superior pole of the kidney is

Adrenal

Liver

Thymus

Thyroid

------------------------------------------

Answer: Adrenal

The outermost tissue layer surrounding the kidney is

Fibrous capsule

Perinephric fat

Renal fascia

Paranephric fat

---------------------------------------

Answer: Fibrous capsule

How many renal pyramids are there in a renal medulla of a typical kidney ?

1 -7

8-15

16-23

24-31

-------------------------------

Answer: 8-15

Which is the outer portion?

Renal cortex

Renal medulla

--------------------------------

Answer: Renal cortex

The tip of the renal pyramid that projects toward the renal sinus is

Renal Papilla

Renal Column

Renal Capsule

Renal Pelvis

---------------------------------------

Answer: Renal Papilla


The part of the kidney where the blood vessels, nerves, and the ureter enter is

Calyx

Cortex

Hilum

Pelvis

-------------------------------------

Answer: Hilum

Fill in the blanks

Long looped nephron important in establishing the medullary vertical osmotic gradient is .....................

---------------------------------------------------------------------

Answer: Juxtamedullary nephron

Most abundant type of nephron is ........................

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Answer: Cortical Nephron

The movement of fluid and dissolved substances from the blood plasma into the renal tubule takes place by ..............................

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

Answer: Glomerular filtration

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • thumbi7 profile image
      Author

      JR Krishna 4 years ago from India

      Hi Mary

      Thanks for the visit. Kidneys are pair of wonderful organs and the beauty is that even if you lose one of them, you don't have to worry much. Hope you are doing well without any problems.

      Thanks again for taking time to comment

    • mary615 profile image

      Mary Hyatt 4 years ago from Florida

      As one who lost a kidney due to a large staghorn stone, I am interested in the kidneys and their function. (I wrote a Hub about that experience). This is a very informative article, and I learned some new facts.

      Voted UP, etc. and shared.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)