ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Native American Nations in the Southwestern States - Oklahoma and Texas

Updated on June 23, 2016
Patty Inglish, MS profile image

A descendant of Mohawk Nation and trained in anthropology, Patty has researched and reported on Indigenous Peoples for over four decades.

Source

Oklahoma is often called "Indian Country", because of the large number of Native North American groups placed on reservations in this state during and after the Indian Removals begun by President Andrew Jackson.

The Indigenous Southwestern United States

Arizona and New Mexico Native American Nations were initially presented in Part VIII in this series. Here we display a number of additional pictures and videos regarding those nations to bridge the migration of native peoples across the American West and Southwest.

Those who became Native Americans migrated eastward as they required additional food and agricultural lands and spread their communities through Texas and Oklahoma onward into the American Southeast. Later, many of them moved back the other direction under Federal Relocation Programs.

Native Americans of the West and South

First Nations and Related Native Americans

First Nations and Native Americans from Canada and the Pacific Northwest of the USA migrated east and south as well. As all of these nations and smaller groups - bands and pueblos and independent groups or communities - moved eastward and encountered European explorers and settlers.

These Indigenous Peoples also met incoming African slaves and peoples from the West Indies and intermixed with them, forming unique cultural segments of America in Metis groups and Creoles, Floridian native groups, and other such interesting ethnicities.

The Southwest and Southeast cultures gave rise to a number of culinary disciplines that have become the foundation of education for some of the great chefs of today in the southern USA. The idignous cultures and mixes took on certain characteristics of the environment, climate, and landscape as well as of nearby Spanish, Mexican, other European influences and the related cultures.

Also see:

US Southwest Region

The American Southwest
The American Southwest

Diversity Within Native North Americans

When thinking of the American Southwest, many individuals think about the famous Hopi Nation in Arizona or the mystical legends of New Mexican tribes. These are quite different from the many indigenous groups found in Oklahoma and Texas, just a couple of states to the east and still located in the Southwest.

At one time in the 20th century, the standard depiction of any Native American cost to coast was a man in deerskin jacket and leggings, wearing a Plains Indian feathered headdress, standing next to a teepee, tending a campfire, and having a tall totem pole. This image was really a composite of several tribal groups and not found at all in some parts of the United States.

Hopi Mesas, Arizona

Hopi pueblo on "First Mesa"
Hopi pueblo on "First Mesa"

Taos Pueblo Powwow, New Mexico

Oklahoma Tribes and Nations

White settlers killed many times more bison than did any buffalo jump slaughter of the Native Americans and nearly made the American Bison extinct. Today, bison herds are growing in size again, especially in the West and Southwest.
White settlers killed many times more bison than did any buffalo jump slaughter of the Native Americans and nearly made the American Bison extinct. Today, bison herds are growing in size again, especially in the West and Southwest. | Source

Native American Nations In Oklahoma

Dozens of Native American groups are located in Oklahoma in the 21st Century, with a full 60 nations having lived in this state at one time or another.

Many of the current native communities in Oklahoma are contained in the following federally-recognized list. This does not include non-federally recognized or state-recognized nations or totally unrecognized groups.

Seal of the "Five Civilized Tribes", Famous in Oklahoma

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Choctaw Nation Flag
Source
Choctaw Nation Flag
Choctaw Nation Flag
    • ABSENTEE SHAWNEE NATION
    • ALABAMA QUASSARTE
    • APACHE NATION
    • CADDO NATION

  • CHEROKEE NATION -- Federally recognized groups are the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma, the United Keetoowah Band in Oklahoma, and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians in North Carolina. DNA research suggests a split from the Iroquois Confederacy nation Mohawk in the past, centuries ago.
  • CHEYENNE-ARAPAHO NATION
  • CHICKASAW NATION
  • CHOCTAW NATION
  • CITIZENS BAND OF POTAWATOMI
  • COMANCHE NATION
  • DELAWARE NATIONS OF EAST AND WEST OK
  • EASTERN SHAWNEE NATION - The United Remnant Band lives in Ohio.
  • FT. SILL APACHE NATION
  • IOWA NATION OF OKLAHOMA
  • KAW NATION OF OKLAHOMA
  • KIALEGEE TRIBAL TOWN
  • KICKAPOO NATION
  • KIOWA NATION
  • LOYAL SHAWNEE NATION
  • MIAMI NATION
  • MODOC NATION
  • MUSCOGEE (CREEK) NATION - Includes the Thlopthlocco Tribal Town.
  • OSAGE NATION
  • OTOE-MISSOURIA NATION
  • OTTAWA NATION
  • PAWNEE NATION
  • PEORIA NATION
  • PONCA NATION
  • QUAPAW NATION
  • SAC & FOX NATION
  • SEMINOLE NATION -- See also the related recipes.
  • SENECA-CAYUGA NATIONS
  • TONKAWA NATION
  • UNITED KEETOOWAH BAND OF CHEROKEES
  • WICHITA NATION
  • WYANDOTTE NATION
  • YUCHI NATION

Chickasaw Drink Water Dance

Commanche Code Talkers

4th Signal Company, WWII. The Code talkers of many Native American Nations helped the USA and the Allies to win the war, using their own languages that the Axis Powers could not translate.
4th Signal Company, WWII. The Code talkers of many Native American Nations helped the USA and the Allies to win the war, using their own languages that the Axis Powers could not translate.
Comanche Mother and Child. Edward S. Curtis (1868 - 1952)
Comanche Mother and Child. Edward S. Curtis (1868 - 1952)

Indigenous Peoples of Texas

Apache Wigwam
Apache Wigwam | Source

Texas Reservations

The Alabama-Coushatta Reservation lies east of Houston, and the Tiguas and the Kickapoo reserves both lie in Rio Grande Valley.

Three Native Reservations Across Texas

A
Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation:
Alabama-Coushatta Reservation, Livingston-New Willard, TX 77351, USA

get directions

B
Texas Band of Traditional Kickapoo, Eagle Pass TX:
Eagle Pass, TX 78852, USA

get directions

C
Tiguas's Pueblo: Ysleta Station, El Paso TX:
820 Kastrin\El Arco (1811), El Paso, TX 79907, USA

get directions

Native Americans In the State Of Texas

Native American Indian Reservations in Texas

  • Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas; Rt 3 Box 640, Livingston TX 77351
  • Kickapoo Traditional Tribe of Texas; HC1 Box 9700, Eagle Pass TX 78852. Today, the Kickapoo make up three separate nations and their ancestors all came from Wisconsin after the War of 1812 - 1814.
  • Ysleta del Sur Pueblo; PO Box 17579, Ysleta Station, El Paso TX 79917

Migration

The original nations we have found thus far who have lived in Texas include:

  • Apache tribes
  • Bidai
  • Coahuilteco and Carrizo tribes
  • Caddo
  • Comanche tribe
  • Jumano, Suma, Piro, and other eastern Pueblos
  • KarankawaKiowa
  • Kitsai
  • Tawakoni tribe
  • Tonkawa
  • Wichita

Other nations that were driven into Texas by Euorpean settlements include:

  • Alabama
  • Coushatta
  • Kickapoo
  • Tigua Pueblo

Comanche doll and horse and Navajo doll and horse from the 1880s - Smithsonian Institution.
Comanche doll and horse and Navajo doll and horse from the 1880s - Smithsonian Institution. | Source

© 2007 Patty Inglish MS

Comments and Experiences

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish MS 

      8 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Hi Dim! I am pleased that you are enjoying these pages. Lots of people, Aboriginal and otherwise have been mistreated. I hope we can look to a brighter future for all. Thanks for posting!

    • Dim Flaxenwick profile image

      Dim Flaxenwick 

      8 years ago from Great Britain

      What can I say Patty? It makes my day every time I read one of your hubs on Native Americans. I've always been fascinted and a bit sad about what these interesting people were really like and how they were treated. Thank you yet again

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish MS 

      10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Thanks! I am fascinated by Hopi culture and all the native American groups that were Code Talkers in the war. The Native Americans and the Tuskegee Airmen really served the USA to the utmost.

    • gabriella05 profile image

      gabriella05 

      10 years ago from Oldham

      I have to agree Zsuzsy another amazing work to the series

      Thank you Patty to give all this knowledge

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish MS 

      10 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      And we are only scratching the suface really.

    • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

      Zsuzsy Bee 

      10 years ago from Ontario/Canada

      Another amazing HUB filled with information galore.

      regards Zsuzsy

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)