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Native American Nations of the Southeastern United States

Updated on February 1, 2017
Patty Inglish, MS profile image

A descendant of Mohawk Nation and trained in anthropology, Patty has researched and reported on Indigenous Peoples for over four decades.

Choctaw, by George Catlin in 1834
Choctaw, by George Catlin in 1834 | Source

The Southeastern Native North American Nations

While these following lists of federally- and state-recognized groups of Native North Americans are not fully inclusive, they represent major nations, bands, and independent groups among Native Americans in the Southeastern States.

Some of our indigenous or native groups are officially recognized by the US Federal Government and receive health and education assistance from the USA, but some are recognized only by the individual states, not the federal authority. Not all of these people live on reservations.

A number of groups are not officially recognized at all, but most of these nations and bands are seeking recognition. In addition, new groups often arise and petition for recognition as and these may or may not include actual Native Americans (for one example, see the Richest Native Americans).

New groups sometimes emerge through splintering away from larger groups and request recognition on either the state or federal levels. However, the recognition process can take many years to be successfully completed.

The USA is home to a number of state-recognized groups and other groups in the process of applying for and attaining either state or federal recognition. The lost of states and tribal nations below is subject to increasing in numbers, especially since the number of Native Americans in the country increased somewhat during the 2010s. US Census estimates range from 5.2 - 5.3 million full blood and mixed Native Americans.

Map of the Southeastern USA

The American Southeast States.
The American Southeast States.

Migration in North America

As Native Americans moved eastward from the North and the Pacific Northwest Coastal regions to fill the continent, they met Europeans that eventually drove them back from the East. Especially after the American Civil War, native peoples were driven westward and many of them onto reservations. before that war, different native nations warred among themselves and sometimes drive their defeated enemies away, including to the American West.

The American West is home to the largest number of reservations in the 21st century, while some states to the east have none at all.

A Choctaw village.
A Choctaw village. | Source
Louisiana FolkLife Center - Roy Parfait, Native American Woodcarver
Louisiana FolkLife Center - Roy Parfait, Native American Woodcarver | Source
Seminole Chief Coacoochee (Wild Cat).
Seminole Chief Coacoochee (Wild Cat).

Cherokee War Dance

The Seminole "Tiger Doctor" in 1890
The Seminole "Tiger Doctor" in 1890

State by State Listings

Arkansas

  • Arkansas Band of Western Cherokee
  • Chickamauga Cherokee Nation
  • Chickamauga Cherokee Nation, the White River Band

Louisiana

  • Adais Caddo
  • Biloxi Chitimacha - related to the Choctaw.
  • Chitimacha Tribe of Louisana - related to the Choctaw.
  • Choctaw-Apache Community of Ebarb
  • Clifton Choctaw Tribe
  • Coushatta Tribe - related to the Choctaw.
  • Four Winds Tribe Louisiana Cherokee
  • Indian Township Reservation
  • Jena Band of Choctaws
  • Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe of Louisiana
  • United Houma Nation - related to the Choctaw.

Mississippi

  • Biloxi Nation
  • Capinans Nation
  • Choctaw Nation -- Mississippi Choctaw Reservation: Tribal Council of the Mississippi Band of Choctaws; Box 6010 - Choctaw Branch, Philadelphia MS 39350
  • Moctobi Nation
  • Pascagoula Nation

Alabama

  • Mowa band of Choctaw, Choctaw Agency. Route 1, Box 330-A, Reservation Rd. Mt. Vernon AL 36560
  • Poarch band of Creek, Choctaw Agency. HCR69A, Box 85-B Atmore AL 36502

Georgia State Recognized Tribes

  • American Cherokee Confederacy, Inc. 619 Pine Cone Road. Albany, Georgia 31705-6908
  • Georgia Tribe of Eastern Cherokee
  • Lower Muscogee Creek Tribe Route 2, Box 370. Whigham, Georgia 31797
  • The Cherokee of Georgia, Saint George, Georgia 31646

Florida Nations and Bands

  • Ais
  • Calusa
  • Seminole
  • Tequesta
  • Timucua
  • Tocobaga

Florida Reservations

  • Big Cypress Reservation, Seminole Agency , 6075 Stirling Rd. Hollywood FL 33024
  • Brighton Reservation, Seminole Agency. 6075 Stirling Rd. Hollywood, FL 33024
  • Miccosukee Reservation, Eastern Area Office. Box 440021, Tamiami Station. Miami, FL 33144
  • Seminole Reservation, Seminole Agency. 6300 Stirling Road, Hollywood, FL 33024

Bands of the Gulf Coast

From Louisiana eastward and through the Florida Gulf Coast:

  • Atakapa, Chitimacha, Natchez, and Tunica

Billy Bowlegs & other Seminole Chiefs drawn sketched in 1852.
Billy Bowlegs & other Seminole Chiefs drawn sketched in 1852.

Native American Businesses In Southern Mississippi

  • Biloxi Nation - The original name in the Biloxi pople's language is Taneks-anya or first people. It was also known as Anaxis and Annocchy, gradually becoming Biloxi. They are related to Sioux Nation.
  • Capinans Nation - Related to Biloxi Nation, Pascagoula Nation; all are related to the Sioux.
  • Moctobi Nation - English speakers in 1699 made up this name for a group that lived with the Biloxi and Pascagoula Nations.
  • Pascagoula Nation. - This name means bread people and they made specialty breads that are still available today. Also called Mfskigula, probably actually "Muskhogeans" to the Biloxi peopl.

Native Americans in Southern Mississippi are successful in Native-owned businesses, Pow Wows, and partnerships with university study and research programs that lead to new job creation.

© 2007 Patty Inglish

Comments & Additions

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    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 5 years ago from North America

      Thank you!

    • profile image

      chief5725 5 years ago

      The drum is the most importaint thing to a tribe. It is the "Heart Beat Of The Tribe." Mark Two Blades; Lower Eastern Cherokee Nation. SC

    • profile image

      mmmm 6 years ago

      hi i love it

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 8 years ago from North America

      Oklahoma Choctaw nation: http://www.choctawnation.com/

      Mississippi Choctaw nation: http://www.choctaw.org/

      The Georgia band of Choctaw were moved to Mississippi; however, Choctaw had also lived in Alabama and Louisiana.

    • profile image

      Chaktaw Pans Fayalala 8 years ago

      Seems to me the most important Nation the Choctaws

      are left off this website.

      I am trying to locate the Choctaw Reservation in Georgia, the Mississippi Choctaw during Indian Removals.

      Every website says Cherokee in reservations in georgia.

      Could it be possible the Mississippi Choctaws are really Cherokee? Someone let me know your thoughts @ sweetascoco@yahoo.com

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 9 years ago from North America

      Thank you for that infomration, bohica! Piers Anthony is a fantastic author and I will find that book. The next time I go thorugh Alamaba, I will surely visit Mountville. Thanks again.

    • bohica profile image

      bohica 9 years ago

      Have you read Piers Anthony's "Tatham Mound"? It is a FANTASTIC source of information about Southeastern Tribes at the time of the arrival of the white man.

      I also suggest that a tour of Mountville, AL. It's a great an informative restored pre-Columbian Muskogee Indian site.

      I am a Creek Indian and a member of the Poarch Band of Creeks. The current address is 5811 Jack Springs Road, Atmore, AL 36502

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile image
      Author

      Patty Inglish 10 years ago from North America

      Thank you both MrMarmalade and gabriella05!

    • profile image

      aman 10 years ago

      Gr8 hub ,keep it up.

      www.dentisthere.blogspot.com

    • gabriella05 profile image

      gabriella05 10 years ago from Oldham

      Amazing how much I enjoy reading your hubs

      Thank you

    • MrMarmalade profile image

      MrMarmalade 10 years ago from Sydney

      Another great river of time from the past

      Thank you again