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Native American Nations of the Northeastern United States - Beautiful People
Surviving in the Winter
The American Northeast has seen all of the following Native American Nations at one time in the last 250 to 14,000 years or longer. American ancestors migrated from Alaska and the Pacific Northwest of Canada and to criss-cross the eastern half of what is now the United States. Many were driven back to the West after the American Civil War.
Native America - Changing Tribes and Migrations
Some of the following nations or tribes joined other groups and some tribes split and formed new names for themselves. Europeans that entered North America rather muddied the waters further by giving some of the bands they encountered odd nicknames. Some of these names are:
Abenaki, Algonquin, Beothuk, Delaware, Erie, Fox, Fox & Sauk, The Fox People, Half Breeds, Huron, Illinois, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Long Tail and/or Cat People, Mahican, Mohican, Mascouten, Massachuset, Mattabesic, Menominee, Metis, Metoac, Miami, Micmaq, Mohawk, Mohegan/Mohican, Montagnais, Narragansett, Naked People, Nauset, Neutrals, Niantic, Nipissing, Nipmuc, Ojibwe, Oneida, Ottawa, Pennacook, Pequot, Pocumtuck, Potawatomi, Sauk, Shawnee, Susquehannock, Tionontati, Tuscarora, Wampanoag, Wappinger, Wenro, Winnebago. There are likely others.
It is difficult to know the correct names that The People gave themselves in the Northeastern United States.
Long. cold winters with lessening resources helped to drive the Indigenous Peoples westward and southward. However, they learned to make maple syrup and maple syrup candy in the winter and shared their recipe: MAPLE SUGAR CAMP.
The Northeastern peoples also learned to use tree barks and animal hides to cover their camp lodges and storage areas in the cold climate. These structures are longhouses.
Native American Nations In the Northeastern United States
Wampanoag or Aquinnah Band of Gay Head, MA
US FEDERALLY NON-RECOGNIZED
- Nipmuc Tribal Council of Massachusetts (Hassanamisco Band)
- Nipmuc Tribal Council of Massachusetts (Chaubunagungamang Band)
- Mashpee Tribe
- Narragansett Tribe of Indians
Important Massachusetts First Peoples' Settlements
- "First Thanksgiving" - Original Recipes From 1620
The Ohio State University met with Native American students and others to discuss documented events for a reenactment of the Plimouth Colony feast.
- Our Thanksgiving Images Were Invented By "The Victorian Bible Of the PArlor and an Ad Cmpaign
In the Victorian Era, ideas of Pilgrims, Women & Turkey at Plymouth were created by one widow in her ladies' magazine. Her 40 years of campaigns changed Thanksgiving for the next 150 years.
The French Meet Native America in NY in 1609
- Cayuga Indian Nation - Iroquois.
- Oneida Indian Nation of New York - Iroquois.
- Onondaga Nation - Iroquois.
- Seneca Nation - Iroquois.
- St. Regis Mohawk Council Chiefs - Iroquois.
- Tonawanda Band of Senecas - Iroquois.
- Tuscarora Nation - Iroquois.
- Nanaticoke Lenni- Lennapes of New Jersey, Inc. - state recognized
- Powhatan-Renape Nation - state recognized
- Ramapough Lenape Nation - state recognized
- Sand Hill Band of Indians - Historically living in Monmouth County, New Jersey.
- Abenaki Nation
- Abenaki Nation, including the separate St. Francis/Skokoki Band of Abenakis of Vermont
- Mashantucket Pequot Tribe
- Mohegan Tribe of Connecticut
US FEDERALLY NON-RECOGNIZED in Connecticut:
- E. Pequots of Connecticut. See: Pequot resort hotel complex and history of wealth. One group of Pequots, has been the richest tribal organization in the US.
- Nipmuc Indian Bands
- Paucatuck E. Pequots
- Scaticook Bands
- Aroostook Band of Micmaq
- Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians
- Penobscot Nation of Old Town
- Passamaquoddy Indian Township Reservation
Marriage In the LongHouse
- A Mohawk Valentine - Sacred Marriage
Pocahontas Saves John Smith (publc domain - Library of Congress).Smiles the earth, and smile the waters, Smile the cloudless skies above us, But I lose the way of smiling When thou art no longer near me! ...
Pennsylvania - Land Purchases from Native Groups
Tribute to the Eastern Nations
- Top 10 Unique Native American Attractions in Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania lists one of the largest collection of National Historic Places registed in America and new places are accepted into
- Conoy - No longer living in the state.
- Delaware Nation - Moved through to Ohio.
- Erie Indian Moundbuilders Tribal Nation - Not recognized by federal or state governments.
- Iroquois Confederation - Some of these nations lived in portions of what is now Pennsylvania and were active in the French and Indian War. Some married into British families and became landowners and business people.
- Lenape - Part of the Sioux Nation. Not recognized by either federal or state.
- Mahican - Moved to other lands.
- Munsee - Moved out of the state.
- Saponi - Absorbed by the Cayuga Nation; spoke a Siouan language.
- Susquehannock - Very active around the Endless Mountains, Back Mountain, Scranton and its Steamtown before other settlers arrived.
- Nanticoke- Spoke/speak a language similar to the Conoy tongue.
- Shawnee - Many moved west to become Plains Indians.