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The Negative Effect of Hydroelectric Power on Water

Updated on December 24, 2017
SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile image

I have been a college teacher and journalist. As a freelance content writer, I research the subject to write without prejudice and malice.

The water from natural source
The water from natural source


The modern economists and the policy makers only calculate the benefits associated with the material consumption of the resources and neglect the damages at micro levels which are caused by their overzealous attitudes. They forget that the overall wellness and happiness increases not with over but with the lesser use of materialistic comforts.

It is due to excessive levels of comfort that the rich people suffer from the luxuries of mental problems like heart attack, asthma, blood pressure etc., more than the poor people, despite the reason that the former spend thousand times more on their comforts and amenities.

While increasing the levels of consumption we are causing serious damages at micro levels.

A hydroelectric power station
A hydroelectric power station | Source


The burning example of such painful and reckless attitude is the construction of hydroelectric dams on rivers. The experts believe that the water does not get affected in any way after generating the electricity. They believe that the river water remains as such after leading to the production of electricity. They argue that the same amount of water comes out from the powerhouse after falling on the turbines and the water does not get spent or polluted in any way and as a bonus, the electricity is generated.

But here the minute properties of the water are being neglected. Craig Hoffman tells in “Inclean website” that the molecules of water are not free. The oxygen atoms of water molecule and the hydrogen atoms are bound together by weak hydrogen bonds and all the molecules of water remain arranged by being attached to each other in a definite network like the fine arrangement of iron filling in concentric lines around the magnet.

Hydrogen bonds in water

Model of hydrogen bonds in water
Model of hydrogen bonds in water | Source
The beautiful structure of water molecules attached to each other by hydrogen bonds
The beautiful structure of water molecules attached to each other by hydrogen bonds | Source

The Structure of Water

Masaru Imoto, the Japanese researcher froze the water and photographed the ice cubes and observed them with dark field microscope. He found that the molecules of water taken from different sources were bound by hydrogen bonding in different structures or patterns. The molecules of pure spring water of the hills, Antarctic

The molecules of pure spring water of the hills, Antarctic ice, and the prayer water were arranged in beautiful and organized patterns, while the patterns of the water molecules of polluted Bevako lake, Yodo lake, and Fujiwara dam were deformed and broken. The same water on physical levels was found to be microscopically and structurally different.

Wolfgong Ludwig, the German doctor in an article published in a magazine found that the structure of the water molecules remains as such until it is shaken. This situation is similar to that of iron filling which retains its position of fine lines even after the removal of the magnet.

The Conclusion

The conclusion is that it is not sufficient to just monitor the physical characteristics of the water to assess the effects of any hydroelectric project. It is necessary to gauge the microscopic effects of hydroelectric power generation on water.

In this context, it is necessary to mention that the thirst is not quenched after drinking a full bottle of water from the water cooler at the railway station and one feels thirsty soon thereafter.

The gushing flow of River arranges the deformed structure of water
The gushing flow of River arranges the deformed structure of water

The Inclean Website

Craig Hoffman again states in “Inclean Website” that this microscopic property of water is used in homeopathic medicines. On mixing with medicines, the microscopic structure of pure water gets adjusted to that of medicine.

Even the molecular structure of the water remains like that of medicine if later on the medicine is removed after large dilution of water. The intake of a drop of such water gives the shape of the structure of medicine to the water present in the cells of the body. It is similar to splitting the milk with a drop of lemon juice.

Deformed Water Molecules

Hence it is clear that the water may not get decayed in hydroelectric projects, but its molecular structure gets deformed. According to Hoffman, the best way to make the molecular structure of water properly arranged is through the gushing flow of water in the river.

Similar to the whirlpools appearing in the flowing water of bathtubs and wash basins, innumerable such vortexes are formed in the violent flow of water in the rivers. These whirlpools, swirls, and currents break the deformities present in the molecular structure of water and lead to a definite arrangement.

By drinking and bathing in such water, the water present in the body cells also acquires the balanced and pure form of molecular structure.

Free Flowing River Water
Free Flowing River Water

Nitrogen Supersaturation

The supersaturation is a state in which the solution contains more of the dissolved material that could be added to the solvent in normal conditions.

The water is stored in big reservoirs built for hydroelectric dams. When the water is released from the reservoirs and it hits the pool below the dam, a great commotion or turbulence is created with the thrust of the mass of water. As a result, the aeration occurs in which the air gets trapped in the spilled water and a rich amount of air gets trapped in water which increases the extent of nitrogen in such water. It is due to the reason that the air is composed of 78% of nitrogen. This phenomenon of increase of nitrogen in water leads to the supersaturation of water with nitrogen.

This supersaturated water does not lose the excess nitrogen quickly and easily. Thus a greater amount of nitrogen enters the tissues of the fish and other aquatic life living in such conditions. As a result, when the fish swim from the region supersaturated with nitrogen to a lower pressure area, a condition similar to the bends or cramps may occur. Such bends are also found during the scuba diving. This sudden change in the environmental condition may cause injury and even death to fish and other aquatic life.

The Gushing Waters of the River
The Gushing Waters of the River

Reservoirs Cause Stratification

When the storage projects are built, the reservoirs or lakes are created. These artificial reservoirs significantly and unevenly slow down the rate of flow of water downstream. The surface water moves at a slower rate as compared to the layers of water at deeper levels. As a result, the slower moving surface water absorbs more heat from the sun and its temperatures increase.

In addition to the warming of surface water, the colder water sinks toward the bottom because of its higher density. This increases the viscous drag and causes a layering effect known as stratification. The bottom layer is the coldest and the top layer the warmest.

Oxygen Depletion

Along With stratification, another ecosystem effect occurs. In this case, the colder water that sinks toward the bottom contains reduced levels of oxygen in it. Thereafter when at some sites the water is released downstream from the depths of the reservoir, this colder and oxygen deficient water changes the habitat conditions for the aquatic life. Because of the reduced oxygen level in the water the structure and hydrogen bonding of the water molecules also change.

Structure of water molecules subjected to unnatural flow gets deformed

Reasons for Baptism and Holy Bath

It may be due to these reasons that the bathing in rivers at the pilgrimages is termed as the washing of the sins. The water is kept in a small pitcher during the Navratras or nine days of praying, incanting of hymns and fasting by the Hindus. These acts and sounds impart definite molecular structure to water and the sprinklings of such water on the bodies purify the molecular structure of the cells of the body.

The same principle may be working behind the Baptism in Christianity, in which the holy water is sprinkled on those being taken into the religious fold.

The structure of plant cell
The structure of plant cell | Source

Effects on Men, Plants and Beast

The recent researches on the effect of music on plants are the continuation of this process in which the sound affects the structure of the of plants and thereby increases the growth and production of plants.

Other proofs of the microscopic molecular structure of water are also available and the plants irrigated by such pure water give more yield and the animals also needless fodder if the water is pure.

The deformed water structure disturbs the normal structure of cytoplasm or the liquid inside the living cells and causes unnatural stress on the normal functioning and the complex reactions inside the cells. It may lead to unknown complications about which we are not still aware. But the pieces of evidence created by Craig Hoffman and Masaru Imoto stress the need to seriously study the subject.

The structure of Animal cell
The structure of Animal cell | Source

How much you agree

The structure of water molecules affects the nature of water

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So the economic evaluation of the effects of the molecular structure of water on man, animal and beasts will certainly tilt the scale against the reckless hydroelectric power generation. The research in the fields of the after effects on water by passing it through tunnels and throwing it on turbines needs to be conducted. What are the effects of drinking or bathing in the standing water or the water coming out of the dams? The mental and physical disturbance caused by the deformed molecular structure of water needs to be further researched. This health damage to the general public is more than the benefits.

We may term it the side effects of hydroelectric power which is thousand times more than the cheap energy. While exploiting the physical resources of pure and holy water of the rivers, the effects on its molecular properties should also be considered.

© 2015 Sanjay Sharma


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    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      2 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks, Ram Ramakrishnan for the visit and the comment. You are right in the contention that the structure of matter changes due to any change in environment. That is why the structure of water molecules gets deformed when subjected to unnatural flow.

    • Ram Ramakrishnan profile image

      Ram Ramakrishnan 

      2 years ago

      Interesting insights. Conceptually, it appears quite logical that changes should occur at every level of material structure when subjected to any process that modifies its environment. Good that you have taken the initiative to make people aware of it as applicable to water, a commodity of daily use for everyone.

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      5 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks Larry Rankin for the visit and the comment. Yes you are absolutely right.

    • Larry Rankin profile image

      Larry Rankin 

      5 years ago from Oklahoma

      It seems no energy is truly free of impact.

      Eyeopening hub!

    • SANJAY LAKHANPAL profile imageAUTHOR

      Sanjay Sharma 

      5 years ago from Mandi (HP) India

      Thanks Venkatachari M for the visit and the comment. I apperciate your concerns.

    • Venkatachari M profile image

      Venkatachari M 

      5 years ago from Hyderabad, India

      Very interesting article dealing with deformation of water in the rivers that are used to generate hydroelectric energy. It is really a matter of concern and requires attention by our governments and environmentalists. Thanks for raising the issue.

      Voted up and interesting.


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