ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Online Masters Degrees Expand Opportunities for Political Activists

Updated on March 15, 2017
Sustainable Sue profile image

Triggered by experiences with wildlife as a Peace Corps volunteer, Susette became an earth-friendly activist, while also working full time.

The online educational world is thriving. Adult students of all ages can find casual, non-accredited home studies courses and entire degreed programs in lucrative subjects online - full bachelors, masters, and phD accredited curricula. Some schools are even experimenting with new courses stemming from the protests of environmental and political activists, and are using the online medium to test their popularity and value. Some of the courses cost money and some are free.

New online masters degree announced by University of California, Berkeley.
New online masters degree announced by University of California, Berkeley. | Source

The new courses of study are being triggered by a need for new expertise in the field, like the knowledge of how to reverse damages humans have imposed upon the earth. Extreme weather events and climate change crises worldwide, for example, have illuminated the need for awareness about what human construction and mining of the earth's resources has been doing to the environment.

As great as the need is, there are not nearly enough knowledgeable government policy makers, writers, corporate advisors, lawyers, or engineers in the environmental field. Newly created jobs need to be filled, and existing jobs are becoming available from "baby boomers" who want to retire and are looking for replacements who know what they're doing.

This need has triggered the creation of a number of courses and degrees related to or including environmental science. Students and political activists looking to switch fields might think seriously about the benefits of online studies, such as those that follow.

We desperately need to find a new way of living that does not destroy the life forces we depend upon. Many universities have heeded the call for new expertise and are offering relevant degrees online.

Environmental Science Jobs

Here are some of the growing categories of occupations that call for environmental science degrees, followed by the median annual salary offered in the USA in 2009 and projected job growth for 2008-2018 (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics):

Atmospheric and space scientists: $84,710; 15% projected growth.

Biochemists and biophysicists: $82,390; 37% growth.

Conservation scientists: $60,160; 12% growth.

Environmental scientists and specialists: $61,010; 28% growth.

Foresters: $53,840; 12% growth.

Geoscientist: $81,220; 18% growth.

Hydrologist: $73,670; 18% growth.

History of Online Education

Online education started out in the 1960s, before the advent of home computers, with networked computer terminals at colleges. As the Internet developed and home computers became available, educators started offering non-accredited, experimental training courses online. The opportunities expanded from there. Online learning now includes entire bachelors, masters, and PhD degree programs offered by leading universities worldwide.

Popularity of Online Training

Have you ever taken a course online?

See results

Although they may have started out utilizing the Internet for supplemental purposes, most universities are now fully supportive of online learning. Many are also using it as an experimental venue for new courses not yet offered at the university itself, which helps them lower the cost of introduction. And there exist accredited universities that are only online.

Masters Degree Programs

In addition to environmental studies, the workforce is calling for new expertise in engineering, foreign policy, and construction design. Here are samples of comparatively recent masters degree programs, offered online, that may or may not be offered on the ground as well.

Environmental Studies: Our biggest need right now is to understand what we did to the environment and how we can save ourselves from self-annihilation:

Environmental Public Health - Studies of cancer-causing agents present in the environment, how our treatment of the environment has affected public health, and what needs to change.

Sustainable Community Management - The design, construction, and management of sustainable communities. How do communities in developed countries compare with those in less developed countries who are not overusing their resources? What can we learn from each other?

Natural Resources & Environmental Science/Sustainable Futures - Identification, planning, and use of natural resources that promotes healthy renewal, including management and restoration of preserved spaces.

Engineering - This is a hugely expanding field online:

Data Management - How to collect, organize, and decipher the reams of data made available by online communications. Needed by governments, intelligence agencies, multinational corporations, and news agencies worldwide.

Systems Engineering - How to design, set up, network, and maintain interconnected computer and computerized mechanical systems for all sizes and natures of use.

Computing in Education - Utilizing computers in educational settings - including the unique problems associated with online testing, grading, and records privacy.

Plastics Technology - The discovery, design, testing, and introduction of new plastics. Includes testing toxicity of fossil fuels-based plastics, as well as bioplastics and other, more desirable replacements.

BioMedical Engineering - Experimentation and discovery of new diseases and cures. Includes nano-technology and genetic modification.

Biomedical engineering laboratory - it requires a higher level degree to work in such a lab.
Biomedical engineering laboratory - it requires a higher level degree to work in such a lab. | Source

Foreign Policy & War - Prompted mainly by the Western scare of terrorism, there are new courses offered to supply governments and their affiliates with expertise in the following areas:

Conflict, Development, & Security (UK) - Definition and history of world conflict. What constitutes "security" and how can it be established without infringing on country autonomy?

Homeland Security (USA) - Development of systems for citizen protection, information gathering and processing, moral and legal issues, and control.

There are also programs available through the United Nations on disarmament and international affairs (sidebar). Note that any war torn society has serious ecological issues as well, since bombing completely destroys the environment.

Construction Design - The more stringent building codes, increased expectations, and more efficient equipment, fixtures, and construction materials available have triggered an accompanying need for better trained construction managers and related professionals. Here are three masters degrees that answer that call.

International Construction Management - This major deals with the human and business side of construction of factories, government buildings and homes overseas. It includes the movements of construction materials between countries, and related international laws.

Technology/Construction Management - A subdivision of the technology department, this masters program focuses on managing construction projects that utilize the latest in software and product technology.

Construction Law & Dispute Resolution - Legalities of construction, including qualification for LEED status, acquiring and defending rights of way, adherence to local building and safety codes, materials acquisition, disposition of toxins, contracts, payments, and more.

The main role of a construction manager is to make sure that architectural designs are followed to code.
The main role of a construction manager is to make sure that architectural designs are followed to code. | Source

Cost of Online Masters Degrees

Because online education is such a new and growing technology, it has no standard pricing structure. Costs range from $10,000 to $115,000, according to Prospective students need to weigh costs vs. convenience very carefully before committing to a course of study.

Nearly half of the top universities are taking advantage of the popularity and convenience of online training by charging higher tuition than they do for offline courses. Others charge fees less obvious, like enrollment or processing fees, fees for technology required, books and materials fees, and testing fees. These can all add up to be as costly or more than attending a university in person.

However, not all online courses charge tuition. Some are free. Students can also lower their costs for regular university degrees by:

  • Taking online transfer courses from universities that offer them free (like Berkeley or Stanford).
  • Persuading your employer to reimburse them for training related to work.
  • Acquiring credit for existing experience.
  • And there are some services students will need for accreditation that won't be needed if they just want to study a course.

So far it's been harder to get loans for online training than it has for real-time education. Scholarships are fewer and banks are hesitant to loan money for non-standard schooling. There are federal educational loans available, however, as of 2006. This makes it critical to plan finances carefully before committing to obtaining an online degree.

Related life experience can help reduce costs when obtaining a higher level degree.
Related life experience can help reduce costs when obtaining a higher level degree. | Source

Credit for Experience

Online programs grant credit for experience and past training by having you take an online test and submit a portfolio for evaluation.

Tests generally cost $95-400 each. This is a good option for people who have a lot of experience or who are self-starters - who have had the interest and discipline to learn new things on their own already.

For a portfolio evaluation, online schools can charge up to $1300. This includes instructions on how to properly prepare a portfolio of this type, as well as the evaluation of its contents. Excelsior College online offers up to 12 experiential credits toward the degree of successful students.

For some people, obtaining a masters degree online can really work, especially if they have young children at home or have demanding, full time jobs. For others, it may be cheaper and/or more rewarding to study in a real classroom. It's up to the individual to figure out which. Check out the links below for more information.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Sustainable Sue profile imageAUTHOR

      Sustainable Sue 

      5 years ago from Altadena CA, USA

      I agree Sherri. I know professors who have put their courses online, and the way they describe their interaction with students, you can tell the challenge is there. I think that as this venue's benefits become more apparent, and highly respected universities get more involved, then the detractors will go down.

    • sherrituck profile image

      Sherri Tuck 

      5 years ago from Virginia

      I earned two master's degrees through the electronic classroom. I will say that these classes challenged me more that the traditional college environment. It bothers me when I hear this learning venue criticized. I always believe that you are responsible for your education. You get what you put into it.

    • jabelufiroz profile image


      5 years ago from India

      Informative article on Online Masters Degrees.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)