- Education and Science»
- Sociology & Anthropology
Origin of Society
There are many theories to explain the origin of society. Many researchers have propounded their theories to explain how the society was originated. Some of the theories that explain the origin of society are Divine origin theory, The force theory, Patriarchal and Matriarchal theories, Social contract theory and Evolutionary theory.
Divine origin theory: According to this theory, the creation of society was due to god just as be created the animate and inanimate objects of the world.
The force theory: According to this theory the society is the result of superior physical forces. The society originated by the congress of the weaker by the strengthen.
In the primitive times the man of exceptional physical strength was able to control his fellowmen and exercise some kind of authority over them. Thus the physical coercion men were brought together and made to live in society.
Patriarchal and Matriarchal Theories: The patriarchal system where the authority and administration lies on values and matriarchal system when the authority and administration lies on female developed the groups and there by evolved societies.
Social contract theory: This theory was proposed by Thomas Hubbes. According to this theory, all men were born free and equal individuals made a mutual agreement and created society. To protect himself against the evil consequences man organised himself in society in order to live in peace with all.
Evolutionary theory: According to this theory society is not a make but a growth it is the result of a gradual evaluation. It is a continuous development from unorganized to organised, from less perfect to more perfect. Various factors helped in its development from time to time. Kinship and family were the earliest bonds unities man with man. Kinship creates society.
The society emerged spontaneously and followed its own line of development. It passed through several stages of evaluation before reaching its modern complex form. According to Comte, the society has passed through these stages the theological, the meta physical and the positive. In his view, society came into being as result of a need for association, a felt need of human beings which evolved in accordance with definite law. According to Herbert Spencer, human society has advanced from a savage state to a civilized state. He marked out three stages, the primitive, the militant and the industrial in the course of social evolution.