ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Origin of Society

Updated on February 6, 2014

There are many theories to explain the origin of society. Many researchers have propounded their theories to explain how the society was originated. Some of the theories that explain the origin of society are Divine origin theory, The force theory, Patriarchal and Matriarchal theories, Social contract theory and Evolutionary theory.

Divine origin theory: According to this theory, the creation of society was due to god just as be created the animate and inanimate objects of the world.

The force theory: According to this theory the society is the result of superior physical forces. The society originated by the congress of the weaker by the strengthen.

In the primitive times the man of exceptional physical strength was able to control his fellowmen and exercise some kind of authority over them. Thus the physical coercion men were brought together and made to live in society.

Patriarchal and Matriarchal Theories: The patriarchal system where the authority and administration lies on values and matriarchal system when the authority and administration lies on female developed the groups and there by evolved societies.

Social contract theory: This theory was proposed by Thomas Hubbes. According to this theory, all men were born free and equal individuals made a mutual agreement and created society. To protect himself against the evil consequences man organised himself in society in order to live in peace with all.

Evolutionary theory: According to this theory society is not a make but a growth it is the result of a gradual evaluation. It is a continuous development from unorganized to organised, from less perfect to more perfect. Various factors helped in its development from time to time. Kinship and family were the earliest bonds unities man with man. Kinship creates society.

The society emerged spontaneously and followed its own line of development. It passed through several stages of evaluation before reaching its modern complex form. According to Comte, the society has passed through these stages the theological, the meta physical and the positive. In his view, society came into being as result of a need for association, a felt need of human beings which evolved in accordance with definite law. According to Herbert Spencer, human society has advanced from a savage state to a civilized state. He marked out three stages, the primitive, the militant and the industrial in the course of social evolution.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      Akile solomon s 

      4 years ago

      Fnx Author for a comprehensive write up ,the information is very nice

    • profile image

      zinnia mosahary 

      5 years ago

      Perfect brief information about origin of society..really a helping one

    • profile image


      6 years ago



    • profile image


      6 years ago

      this was a perfect brief description about origin of society. was a good work.

    • profile image

      Satish Kumar Mishra 

      8 years ago

      Nic keep it up

    • dilipchandra12 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dilip Chandra 

      8 years ago from India

      Thank you feenix for reading and commenting.

    • feenix profile image


      8 years ago

      Hello, dilipchandra,

      Very informative and educational hub. I really did enjoy reading this post and I am very grateful to you for writing and publishing it.

    • dilipchandra12 profile imageAUTHOR

      Dilip Chandra 

      8 years ago from India

      Thank you all for stopping by and leaving your valuable comments.

    • prashant angiras profile image

      Prashant angiras 

      8 years ago from shimla(india)

      yes there are many beliefs about the origin of society,after all it is your choice what theory you want to believe,i believe that evolutionary theory shaped the society.

    • CyclingFitness profile image

      Liam Hallam 

      8 years ago from Nottingham UK

      Interesting hub. I would have liked to have known who came up with each theory.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      A nice take on social anthropology.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Great Hub. Very well written and very informative. Voted up and looking forward to reading more of your work.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)