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Origin of the languages...
Language is an innate need of human being. Language not only helps communication but enables one to express infinite feelings those emerges in the mind. The image of the objects, whether real, surreal or imaginary, keeps creating certain sounds to represent them, forming root for the words. The words are nothing but a phonetic symbols to represent the objects, feelings and thoughts. When humane being was in its primordial state, he understood importance of the sounds. His preliminary vocabulary indeed was imitative. He could imitate various sounds he heard from the nature. He could weep, laugh and could use symbolic sounds to express his inner feelings. There couldn't be any grammar, syntax or even a passage to connect two words, which we can find from the ancient texts.
Human species has peculiar shape of the skull, jaw and vocal chords, though we can find slight variations from the primitives (and even we the modern people) living at different geographical parts of the globe. The pronunciations differ from one region to other, even in geographically closely connected areas, even if the language is same. There are many sounds those some people living in one region can pronounce when others living in other regions cannot. North Indian's pronounce "D" for "R". one can notice such various examples.
The theories those claim that one or few origins of group of languages have failed to understand that there is not any group of languages existing. Evolution theory of the languages can be understood, but almost every language on the earth has its own course of development, though we can find traces of the influences of other languages because of geographical closeness, wars or the dominance of foreign language speaking people.
Primordial man was a tribal and nomad. One tribe would hardly assimilate other tribe. In fact there would be constant wars amongst the tribes to establish their dominance over the forests where ample game was available. In later course the reasons of wars changed to have first right over pastoral lands when humane being became a herdsman. Then the reasons of the wars shifted to win over the fertile lands as he turned to become agricultural man.
In the course of the time, from a hunter-food gatherer man to settled agriculture man, the life grew complicated. Simple minds became gradually a complex set of psyche. The primordial religions were shaping up and as sounds, as the then humane thought, were a divine in nature and uttering them in specific order could please the Gods they worshipped or fear the demons they wanted to be free from. Thus the phonology became more important. This is why we find certain sounds in religious scriptures those are not in use of our daily course. Rig Veda and even Avesta are no exception. We can find the same thing in almost every religion where the stress always is on how to pronounce each verse and its order. Sound has amazed humane being from primordial times and has helped development of the languages.
Group of the languages is a myth. The reasons why some languages seem closer has to be attributed to the truth that the people settled in certain geographical regions, no matter whether close or farther, resembles certain geographical traits. Such as: mineral distribution in soil, local gravity, local geo-magnetic field, comparative position on the earth in relation to the axis of the Globe and the position from equator to either pole. I have proved that all the ancient cultures, religions and political powers have arose between 10 degree North to 42 degree North. Even the languages have been predominant over the world in the belt, I refer to, they were developed.
For poetics and religious verses every language has shown their peculiarities. Unfortunately we have a very less account available what were spoken languages of the remote past. To me, as religious masters want to be always attach to the tradition of the past, they hardly used spoken languages i.e. vernacular languages. We can understand their psyche.
But the flow of every language has been ever changing. The language of Shakespeare seems too unintelligible though just 400 years has been passed. The soul of the language never changes. What changes is the vocabulary and grammar. We feel our language is simple over the language of the past is simply because we live in our times. The transactions of our society are too different than of those times.
This is why meanings of certain words become drastically opposite in the course of the time. We, even scholars debate on what exactly was meant by an expression of the certain verse/word from a religious book. This has frequently happened with Veda’s especially. Yaska, Sayana and Panini etc. gives different meanings of the same words as the original meaning has been lost in the course of the time. This happens because the vocal symbols those were used for certain expressions, no more can express the same meaning which was anticipated by the original composer.
New vocabulary is invented to express. Words are vocal symbols. Symbolism changes with the Time. The change of the locations where the same words are transferred with meaning lost. For example Rig Veda was composed in the Basin of Sarasvati River. With the river’s vanishing because of the natural calamity, the people living in that region had to shift elsewhere where different languages were being spoken. Although they tried to preserve the same tradition of their religious works, lost meaning in the course of the time. They translated it to new language but naturally there were many words they couldn’t translate. This is why there have been disputes over many words from the sacred book that claims to have been preserved by oral tradition. It is not a fact. Had it been the case, there wouldn’t be so many words, originally belonging to Dravidian, Kol and Munda languages, appearing in Rig Veda.
The Vedic language has been considered to be an ancient one. Mother of all languages. There is no single language on the earth to claim being Mother of the all languages. The claims are a sort of hypocrite one. Every language has its separate origin and the similarities, as described above, has to be attributed to the fact that languages has appeared independently. Some of them have been died because of totally socio-political reasons.