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Oscar Neimeyer's Architectural Gift

Updated on February 18, 2014
"The Niteroi Contemporary Art Museum"
"The Niteroi Contemporary Art Museum" | Source
Oscar Niemeyer in the 1950s
Oscar Niemeyer in the 1950s | Source

Oscar Niemeyer is considered one of the world’s top modern architects. He was a Brazilian architect who designed buildings all over the world. Niemeyer’s controversial political preferences have made him a refugee during the rein of dictatorship in his home country. This led to his commissions over seas, such as the Communist Party Headquarters in Paris, France. Yet he worked and lived most of his life in Rio de Janeiro.

Although Niemeyer is often thought of as emulating the Brazilian Baroque style of architecture and Le Corbusier, he has his own unique style. Unlike Le Corbusier’s dynamic forms and colors, Niemeyer’s structures use simple, unique shapes and forms, and are usually white (reinforced concrete) and glass; however, he does have other buildings, such as the United Nations building in New York, that use a metal frame and glass. Unfortunately, I was unable to find a picture or drawing of any of his floor plans. In addition, Niemeyer’s structures are more urban than natural. For example, the Museum of Contemporary Art in Niteroi, Brazil looks kind of out of place, like a space ship that landed on a cliff above the ocean versus something more natural like one of Santiago Calatrava’s sailing ship forms.

"Cathedral of Brasilla, hyperboloid structure"
"Cathedral of Brasilla, hyperboloid structure" | Source

Today after years of designing architectural masterpieces and seeing different architectural styles come and go, Niemeyer has been dead for several years and his architectural designs still marvel the world. His style is important because he easily adapted to new styles and still added a touch of simplicity to the modern world.

National Congress of Brazil
National Congress of Brazil | Source

© 2014 morningstar18

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