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Beautiful Cultural Heritage of India

Updated on July 8, 2016
Traditional textiles
Traditional textiles
Kalamkari work
Kalamkari work

Different types of textile designs and paintings

The Colourful Saris and Beauty of Indian Culture


A few days back when I attended a wedding of my relative, I was amazed on seeing everyone wearing the variety of saris ! Almost everyone was wearing a sari which had beautiful embroidery or designs made of textile fabrics. This made me think about the fine arts of the textile paintings and the beautiful and rich culture of India.

You can never find a woman in India who is not interested in selecting good selecting textile fabrics,designed and embroidery work or colorful dhupattas matching a chudidhar. They can spend hours together watching those versatile fabrics and enjoy commenting on them saying "this sari has got a good design but the border doesn't match it or the embroidery is good but color of the dress looks dull" ....this can go on and this doesn't limit only for a particular age group. You can find even kids selecting the bedsheets or pillow covers of their choice.

This is some which we can find in almost every house in India.And this is so because, it has got its foundations right from the age of civilization.And that is the reason the aesthetic values are given more preference.The culture is itself so rich that no citizen can resist from it.And everybody enjoys experiencing it and promoting it.





HISTORY OF INDIAN PAINTINGS

Indian paintings provide an aesthetic sense that extends from the early civilization to the present day.In India, the art forms are versatile. You can find many branches related to the same art form. For instance, the art of painting has got its different forms : painting on walls,sculptures,pots,glass,oil papers,wall papers,textiles etc.

And every branch of the art form is much refined and has taken its own modern approach though each art is basically traditional.These art forms take these changes according to the conditions which suit them. They are passed on from generations to generations but they have slight variations to become a fusion of various traditions.

This tradition has evolved from the ancient scriptures of Rigveda and the Hindu epics of Ramayana and Mahabharatha also show that the art forms were given great importance and the textile painting of today was an age old one.



Enjoy the Ease in Vipul

Sarees made of HANDLOOM ARE A BIT COSTLY BUT THE FINE ART IN THESE SAREES IS EXTRAORDINARY AND THE COMFORT AND EASE WHEN YOU DRAPE THEM IS SIMPLY INCOMPARABLE.

SO, TRY TO BUY THE SAREES MADE OF HANDLOOM AT LEAST ONCE AND SEE THE CHANGE YOU'LL FEEL IN OTHERS WHILE YOU ATTEND A GET-TOGETHER AT YOUR NEIGHBOUR'S OR RELATIVE'S PLACE.

A kolam design
A kolam design
Pot painting
Pot painting
Ikat  painting
Ikat painting
Chikankari painting
Chikankari painting
madhubani
madhubani
block printing
block printing
warli printing
warli printing

Evolution of the art in India

We can find many cave paintings and every sculpture of the Indian temple shows that the art of painting was not unknown to the people of prehistoric times. Painted geometric designs and symbols had also been found on pottery items belonging to the Indus valley civilization.

How Epics Were Written :

The hindu epics and vedas were written on palm leaves using an iron stylus and these were packed by stitching them with an iron string.This was much before the invention of paper.

Whenever they needed to paint, they used the hair of squirrel's tail to make a brush and the colours were all eco-friendly purely made of herbs and flowers, vegetables.This was much before the invention of the sketches and water colours or brushes.

These facts show that the art of painting in India is so rich and has got its own style and beauty.




Cloth Paintings :

Painting on cloth is exemplified by Kalamkari - an exquisite ancient craft of painted and printed fabrics.

The name is derived from Kalam meaning pen, and Kari meaning work, literally pen-work paintings.You can find the KALMKARI work mainly in ANDHRA PRADESH state.

We can find the paintings done by males as a profession which is passed on to the next generation.And also the paintings done by females as passion which is done as a routine, a daily work as simple and similar as brushing our teeth.This passion is also passed to the next generation but as an interest or hobby.So this shows how the woman are so aesthetic and creative.

It is common in houses to paint , doorways, verandahs, courtyards and rooms where guests/visitors stay. Its is also a religious ritual. The geometric and floral patterns drawn on the floor by the womenfolk - variously termed as kolam in the south, rangoli in Maharashtra, alpona in Bengal, shows that painting not a subject to be learned but a common daily work done with passion.

They even paint their walls with beautiful designs if the wall are made of mud, they need to be decorated using white, yellow or red colours which are usually home-made colours. Such paintings can also be seen on the pots which used to store water.These arts are still prevalent in south India since hundreds of years.



Traditional Designs and Textiles of India

FAMOUS TEXTILES OF INDIA
DESCRIPTION
STATE WELL KNOWN FOR THE TEXTILE
IKAT
Its made of binding the cloth and then colouring it.
Andhra Pradesh and Odisha
CHIKANKARI
Fine kind of hand embroidery done on various clothes.Usually done in white thread.
Uttar Pradesh - Lucknow
BLOCK PRINTS
Designs are made on cloth by dipping the blocks in vegetable dyes.
Madhya Pradesh
BANDHEJ
Special way of making the designs by tying the cloth with thread at several points before dyeing it.
Rajasthan
MADHUBANI
Mostly done on handmade paper,silk and cotton cloth.
Bihar
WARLI
Paintings done on white color on dark shade of handmade paper
Maharashtra and Gujarat

Only for woman

Did you ever tie a kanjeevaram silk sari

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Preserving our Heritage

Although we have a rich heritage of paintings and textiles we need to conserve them by encouraging the art works and preserving the products.

Many of the folk painters and textile designers face hardships as they don't earn enough to support their livelihood and thus move elsewhere to work , leaving their age old practice of art which has been passed on from generations.

Such craftspeople need to be encouraged either on monitory basis or through moral support so that the craft and art is not disappeared forever.Lets save our Heritage and make it more rich.

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