ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

PROJECT MANAGEMENT - Leadership

Updated on February 8, 2012

The title is leadership and not manager-ship.  When we deal with Project Management, it is mostly managing and not leading. If so, why leadership is being introduced here.  Let us first of all state dictionary meanings of a manager and a leader:

Manager: 'A person controlling or administering a business.'

Leader: 'A person who causes others to go with him, by guiding and showing the way; guides by persuasion and argument.'

Manager as a leader

As a manager had to deal with many workers and he just cannot keep an eye over each of them. He, therefore, tries to become a leader and motivate his juniors towards a common goal. According to John Sculley, leadership revolves around visions, ideas, direction and has more to do with inspiring people as to direction and goals than with day to day implementation.

To sum up: a manager basically directs resources to complete predetermined goals or projects while a leader within a company develops individuals and motivates them to do the same tasks. A manager is more of a leader than a manager.

 

Stock holders versus Stakeholders

A manager cannot work in isolation. He has to deal with outsiders. One day, he may hear people protesting outside the factory for fear of pollution: noise, smoke and waste water. Another day, he may turn-on the TV and a documentary about his company accusing for over-invoicing or import of an old and obsolete plant. All these outsiders have some interest in the project and are termed as “stake-holders” as opposed to “stockholders” who have actually invested in the factory.


Who are stockholders?

The stockholder is provider of capital, the owner, and the profiteer of a corporation. Their role is that of financial investor, in that they lend their current capital with expectations of the return of greater capital in the future.

Who are stakeholders?

The stakeholder is anyone who has a vested interest in the performance of the company. This includes everyone involved in the successful running of the corporation, such as employees, customers, and the community and suppliers.

When dealing with outsider, a person would be more successful as a leader than as a manager. A manager commands but a leader persuades. By stepping into leaders’ shoes, one can convince outsiders that the company had already taken precautions to reduce the noise to bare minimum level, smoke and waste water would be treated before the release into sewer system. As to TV reporting, one can come up with the valid documents relating to price and state of machinery removing all doubts.

Five different styles
Five different styles

MANAGEMENT STYLES

How a particular manager handle a specific situation depends on his or her style of management. Management Books contain five different styles:

  1. Country Club Style
  2. Improvished Style
  3. Team Style
  4. Produce or Perish Style
  5. Middle of the Road Style

However, these can be reduced into two extremes. Autocratic and Permissive. An autocratic makes all decisions without consulting others. On the other hand, in the permissive style, subordinates are encouraged to take part in decision making and also are given autonomy in carrying out the jobs.

An autocratic manager does not tolerate any short-coming, believes in rules and logics, stresses for uniformity and seeks directions from seniors in hierarchy. On the other hand, a permissive manager is job oriented, stresses work not rules, gives freedom for performing work and calls for accountability if performance is not up to mark.

DIFFERENT MANAGEMENT STYLE FOR DIFFERENT SITUATIONS

It must be pointed that autocracy and permissiveness are two extremes. A manager should play his or her role in between these two extremes depending upon a particular situation. Here are four situations:

  • When employees are not in position to do the job or are deliberately avoiding the job responsibility, the must be told to do the in a particular way, in a given time frame else action be taken against them. This is termed as “TELLING”.
  • When employees are willing and have necessary know-how, the work may be delegated to them. This is termed as “DELEGATING”.
  • A situation may arise when employees have the necessary skill but need some support. This is known as “PARTICIPATING”.
  • Another style, “SELLING” works best when employees do not know how to do it but are willing to perform.

Nawab of Kalabagh know for his MBWA Style
Nawab of Kalabagh know for his MBWA Style

RELEVANT TERMS

MANAGEMENT BY WANDERING AROUND  (MBWA)

  • Normally, a manager sits in private office and no one can barge in without a node from his or her personal staff.
  • But it is better to have “Face to Face” interaction with employees by going to them while they are working. In this way, a manager would stay in touch and building cooperative relationships with the juniors.

PROJECT SPONSORS

  • Also called promoters, developers, original financiers and entrepreneurs.

SOCIAL NETWORK BUILDING

Identification of those on whom the project depends for success.

  • Whose cooperation will we need?
  • Whose agreement and approval will be need?
  • Whose opposition would keep us from accomplishing the project?

 INTRAPRENEUR

  • An employee who takes direct responsibility for turning an idea into a profitable finished product through assertive risk-taking and innovation.
  • When an idea flops, an entrepreneurs loses his capital while an intrapreneur loses his job.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      shaista tabassum 

      6 years ago

      very informative n thnx a lot for thz article

    • asadayub profile image

      asadayub 

      7 years ago

      Respected Sir, a very informative hub. Giving light from all four corners of the square. Thank You so much.

    • profile image

      kamran 

      7 years ago

      sir, very good explanation. project manager must be an all rounder. anyway great hub . thnx

    • profile image

      Muhammad Shoaib Ikram 

      7 years ago

      You provided knowledgeable information. Sometimes it really gets difficult to adopt a particular management style when project manager faces difficulties in developing a fit with labor. I think this is the scenario in construction industry in Karachi where we have labor from different sects and casts like Pathan, Reaste, Sindhi, Balochi, Seraeki and many more.

    • projectmanageresp profile image

      projectmanageresp 

      8 years ago

      Very good article...For me, a project manager should be a good leader to the team, so they can attain its common goal...and that is to have a successful outcome to their project.

    • mcjohan25 profile image

      mcjohan25 

      8 years ago

      Your really is a good writer...Your hub are all helpful...Very informative...Thanks

    • Syed Mairaj Ahmad profile image

      Syed Mairaj Ahmad 

      8 years ago

      This article clarifies some of my confusion regarding the difference between manager and leader…

      Well explained and the way you uses the video clips in your hub pages always enhances my interest of reading .

      Thanks

      Syed Mairaj Ahmad

    • profile image

      maria arif 

      8 years ago

      sir thank you for a very clear differentiation

    • Rufi Shahzada profile image

      Rufi Shahzada 

      8 years ago from Karachi

      Dear Sir,

      Thank you so very much for such a nice hub on LEADERSHIP, especially the management styles are explained so well.

      Thanks Again!

      RUFI SHAHZADA

    • hafeezrm profile imageAUTHOR

      hafeezrm 

      9 years ago from Pakistan

      Thanks for your comments, Mr. Emran Ali

    • Emran Ali profile image

      Emran Ali 

      9 years ago from karachi

      Dear Hafeez

      Thanks for sharing such an informative topic . Your each topic gives an opportunity of learning and gaining knowledge which is utterly exclusive for everyone .

      Truly yours

      Imran ali

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)