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Peace center of human
The United Nations (UN) was established on 24 October 1945 in advance of international co- operation and peace. It was replaced for the inefficient League of Nations during the Second World War. The UN is situated in Manhattan, New York city. At first the UN had 51 member states, but there are now 193.member states manage voluntary support for financed of the UN. This organization keeps up international peace and security, social and economic development, human rights, protecting the environment, and providing humanitarian help of natural disaster, armed conflict and famine.
The UN has an executive council of fifteen known as the Security Council. The sponsoring nations are the permanent members. Ten other members are elected. The General Assembly of the UN usually meets once a year in New York, which is the permanent seat of the UN, and no member, can act unless all other members agree. It is known as the principle of ‘veto’. This principle saves the UN from disintegration in time of stress. The UN has not limitation itself to its political aim for international peace. Secretary –General is the Main and a conspicuous officer of the UN.
Works of UN
The UN has six Main parts:
- General Assembly
- Security Council
- Economic and Social Council
- International Court of Justice
- United Nations Trusteeship Council (has stopped since 1994)
The UN took part in meaningful actions in The Congo, Korea and entity of the state of Israel. The UN has plans for the promotion of the general welfare of the people. It has set up various bodies known as World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programmed (WFP), United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO),International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA),International Labor Organization (ILO),International maritime Organization (IMO),International Monetary Fund (IMF),International Telecommunication Union(ITU),World Bank Group (WBG), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and UNICEF.
In 2001, the organization gained the Nobel Peace Prize. These organizations have not yet acquired much significant progress, but the aims of the UN are so noble that they seem to give us an anticipation of a world based on complete co-operation.