ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Pedagogical Approaches

Updated on August 31, 2019
Teacher Eya profile image

Rhea is a language teacher in a public junior high school for almost 15 years now.

What are Pedagogical Approaches?

Pedagogical approaches are approaches used by educators to facilitate students' learning. Teachers research, document, and reflect so they may come up with pedagogy. With this, it is important that the teachers understand the learners. They should know the students' prior knowledge, their experiences, their environment, and their goals.

grade 10 students during a group presentation in class
grade 10 students during a group presentation in class

1. Integrative Approach

In integrative approach, connections are focused on rather than isolated facts. Subject matter is taught using interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches. Science is taught in relation to Math and vice versa. The content in Science, Health, Art and PE may be a reading material in English. Learning is contextual. Learning cannot be divorced from their lives. Every end of the quarter is an opportunity to integrate learning by a way of culminating activity.

Its goal is to connect what is learned in school to real life situation. It is more on discussion of issues in the society.

Strategies under Integrative Approach

If the teacher thinks of using Integrative approach on a particular lesson, he can choose from the following strategies.

1. Scaffold-Knowledge Integration

  • It makes thinking visible.
  • It helps students learn from others
  • It promotes autonomy and lifelong learning.

2. Content-Based Instruction

  • It focuses on the topic using the language they are trying to learn as a tool for developing knowledge.
  • It is a more natural way of developing language ability
  • It shows the six-T's: Theme, Text, Topics, Threads, Tasks, Transitions

3. Thematic Teaching

  • Integrates basic discipline of all subjects.
  • Students acquire knowledge when they connect what they are learning to the real world.
  • It teaches cognitive skills like reading, mathematics, science and writing in the context of real world subjects.

a student is sharing an experience related to the topic
a student is sharing an experience related to the topic

2. Reflective Approach

  • Make the learners look at what they do in the classroom, think about how they do it, and think about how it works.
  • Reflective teaching encourages learners to engage in a process of self-observation and self-evaluation.
  • By collecting information about what goes on in their classroom, and by analyzing and evaluating this information, they identify and explore their own practices and underlying beliefs.

Strategies under Reflective Approach

This is a process of self-evaluation and self-observation.

1. Self-evaluation and self-reflection.

  • It collects information about what goes on inside the classroom.
  • It evaluates the obtained information by teacher and learner.

Suggested form of assessment are : diary presentation, paper writing, reports, and journals.

students writing their journal
students writing their journal

Inquiry-Based Approach

  • The curriculum ensures that the learners have the opportunity to examine concepts, issues and information in various ways and from various perspectives.

  • It provides them opportunities to develop skills of creative and critical thinking, informed decision making, and hypothesis building and problem solving.
  • It engages learners to learn by exploration and discovery.

Strategies under Inquiry-Based Approach

1. Cyclic inquiry model and the practical inquiry model

  • It demonstrates a process of a given topic. The teacher can start by posting a question on the board.
  • It communicates through writing, asking questions, and making comments on one another's post.

2. Knowledge-building community model

  • It collects the result at the end to use as data for succeeding activities based on the community of learners.

3. Experiment

  • It is an activity of doing investigation.
  • It encourages learners' interest to manipulate objects, test hypothesis, and work together to solve or prove something.


In this approach, students are directed to be active in the process of constructing meaning and knowledge rather than passively receiving information. It fosters critical thinking and provides learners with a learning environment that helps them make connections with their learning. The students make meaning and knowledge.

Strategies under constructivism

1. Thinking skills

  • It guides the students to strive to improve their achievement by consciously developing their ability to consider ideas.
  • It helps students analyze their perspective.
  • They solve problems and make decisions on their own.

2. Activity-Based

  • It engages students in individual or group experiential learning opportunities like project planning, hands on inquiry, analysis and product creation.

3. Direct instruction

  • It guides learning to happen the quickest way.

Collaborative Approach

In this approach, the learners are required to work together towards a common goal. This kind of learning is also called collective learning, learning communities, peer teaching. Here, learners work on a common task and they are liable for it as a team. Among the forms of assessment for this learning are action research, project presentation, group power point presentation, reflection paper, exhibit, case studies presentation, debates and collaborative writing.

Strategies under collaborative approach

1. On line collaborative

  • Here, learners use technology.
  • Projects and other activities are what the students may use in the future.

2. Jigsaw method

  • Students are divided in small groups for cooperative learning.
  • It develops the following among students: listening, engagement, and empathy.
  • Students interact and work independently as well.

3. Think Pair Share

  • Students work together to solve a problem.

Teachers never stop learning and searching for the approaches that may be most helpful in achieving the goals for each lesson that they teach the children.

They may find more approaches or strategies that will be more effective for them.

The most effective approach for you

Which approach do you use most of the time?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Teacher Eya profile imageAUTHOR

      Rhea Gayo 

      10 months ago from Amadeo

      It's a good activity, sir @George Xu. I will try doing that for I haven't ask my students to write their own story about how the characters became who they were. It is one way of encouraging students to use their imagination.

    • GeorgeXu profile image

      George Xu 

      10 months ago from Philippines

      Interesting appraoches to teaching. I was a Chinese teacher before entering the chemical industry and my approach resembles constructivism. In writing, I would ask them to make up stories of why they think the characters are written such. I sometimes receive meaningful comments such as for the word "father", "Papa has a moustache" or the dog's nose for the character for dog. Sometimes, the story is nonsense but it helps them remember and it's quite funny. Of course, I make my own stories too to share.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)