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Philippine Geography: Location (Absolute, Vicinal, and Insular), Shape, and Size

Updated on September 1, 2012

The Philippines has a unique geography.

Absolute Location

The Philippines is bordered by 116° 40', and 126° 34' E. longitude and 4° 40' and 21° 10' N. latitude

Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0
Creative Commons BY-SA 3.0 | Source

Vicinal Location


Maritime/Insular Location

Bashi Channel
West Philippine Sea/South China Sea
Pacific Ocean
Sulu Sea/Celebes Sea/Mindanao Sea

Effects of Location

Marine resources/fishing grounds
Tourist spots/beaches
Led to colonization
Travel and trade
Smuggling of goods
Territorial disputes


  • The Philippines has 17 regions, which have different culture, traditions, and languages which can result to miscommunication which leads to difficulty in attaining national unity and solidarity.
  • Travel and transportation is difficult, because of the irregular, elongated, and rugged coastline.


The Philippines has a square area of 299,764 km.


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    • profile image

      YSAAC 6 days ago

      ohh my god AP is so hard

      but this is very useful

    • profile image

      john 3 months ago

      im a 4th grader and this is 1 of the parts of my test/exam.

    • profile image

      Little Kelly 21 months ago

      Very useful

    • profile image

      isko 2 years ago

      tysm for this lol i'm cramming for a test tom and this is helpful

    • profile image

      Tagz 2 years ago

      very useful. Good job

    • profile image

      sasha 2 years ago

      @ac nope at first grade actualy im a 10th grader

    • profile image

      upo 2 years ago


    • profile image

      AC 3 years ago

      @amy wes studied those in the third grade..

    • profile image

      amy 3 years ago

      i don't get it im a 6th grader what's the north and what's the south

    • profile image

      WEEPING ANGEL 3 years ago

      Great for school.

    • profile image

      SILENCE WILL FALL 3 years ago

      Very useful for school.


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