- Education and Science»
- Lesson Plans
Planning a Children's Literature Plan
Effective literature programs are important elements to a child’s developmental growth. One important factor of an effective literature program is children’s literature selections. Educators should include a variety of literature formats and genres in the classroom setting. Educators can include parents into the learning process by utilizing effective literacy strategies. The following article will discuss various types of literature that is available for early childhood children and what strategies educators can provide to parents.
In early childhood education, teachers have a variety of formats and genres to utilize in the classroom. The formats and genres can teach early childhood topics from reading acquisition, math, character education, culture, and tradition. Early childhood educators should start early on introducing genres to children. As student move on to the next grade levels, teachers can build on reading, vocabulary, and curriculum content.
Strategies for sharing children's literature
What is your favorite type of story?
Children Stories For The Classroom
The University of Ashland created a list of children’s genres:
Picture books: Stories can combine illustration and text. In some cases, picture books only include illustrations.
Poetry & Verse: Poems written in a variety of styles, which can include rhyming words.
Folklore: Stories about people and places of the past, which can include topic about popular nursery rhymes, legends, and myths.
Fantasy: Fictitious and imaginative stories.
Science Fiction: Stories about the future and far away lands.
Realistic Fiction: Stories that could come true, but are not true.
Historical Fiction: Stories about people and places in the past.
Biography: Stories about a person’s life.
Nonfiction: Relates something true about a person and place.
(Cullinan & Galda, 2002)
Benefits of including a variety of Genre in the Classroom:
When creating a literature program, teachers should become familiar with the different types of genres, which enriches the learning process. Early childhood educators should endeavor to move beyond using primarily the picture book. Teachers can expand on topics and literacy skills by introducing biographies, nonfiction, and historical fiction. In addition, teachers can explain to student the differences between a genre and parts of a book. Therefore, students can transfer and build upon learning to the next grade level. Starting early is important to helping learners become strong readers and increasing cognitive growth.
An effective literature program should include introducing to student various elements of a book and story. Teachers can use a felt board, which displays the literature selection or bulletin board. A literature board allows educators and students to add information based on instruction. Therefore, a designated reading area can teach the setting, characters, beginning, middle, end, and allow students to evaluate a story. For example, a fairy tale grabs the interest of young learners such as any story written by the Grimm brothers. The fairy tale about Jack and The Bean Stalk captivates students. Students readily remember the setting and characters of the story. Early childhood providers use story time as teaching moment to encourage learners to recall what is a setting, character, and identify what happened in the middle or end of a story.
The writer encourages children to evaluate all stories with thumbs up or down. However, early childhood providers can create story time into interactive excitement. In addition, the story can be placed into the classroom library, which allows students to enjoy the story again. The author found purchasing several literature selections on the same book alleviates arguments.
Integrate technology Into The Classroom:
The integration of technology can further stimulate a love of reading. Web quest’s provide beneficial resources for parents, children, and educators to gain access to various literacy activities. The Department of Education has a website, which provides a variety of links to children’s literature resources. One link under stories has a Web quest with complete storybook fairy tales, activities, and quizzes. (Department of Education and Early Childhood Development, 2013) . Technology allows teachers and parents to actively engage students in vocabulary development and literacy skills. Today, students can listen to stories and blog about stories, which can extend classroom instruction.
Include Parents In the Educational Process:
Parental support is an important element to student success. Home can be an extension of learning when parents receive educational resources. Early childhood providers can include parents in the learning process by implementing a variety of strategies. One strategy is the use of parent workshops. The writer has hosted several parent workshops, which provide a wealth of information on literacy and math skills. In workshops, parent learns how to provide vocabulary instruction. For example, Parents can receive instruction on creating vocabulary cards to increase student vocabulary and sight words. A workshop can provide parents with a list of sight words that students are expected to learn for each grade level. In addition, parents can learn about curriculum expectations and receive learning resources that can be used at home.
Another strategy for parents is “community outreach”. (Moorison, 2004b). Educators can invite agencies to provide literacy, health, and language help. This strategy will encourage parents to realize that school is a place that cares about families. School administrators can research specific programs, which are beneficial to parents. In the writer’s experience, parents tend to be strong advocated of student achievement when schools offer outreach programs. Parents appreciate programs that is enriching.
An additional strategy is “promote enjoyment of reading”. (Moorsion, 2004a) . Educators can teach parents reading skills: Parents can participate in skits, which provide visuals learning tools for helping all learners. In addition, parents can get a glimpse into a child’s learning environment through volunteering to read.. For example, the author had parents read during story time : The program allowed students to receive extra books, fun reading trivia, and prizes. Educators can plan a variety of enjoyable reading celebrations, which can include parents or guardians.
In conclusion, there are a variety of genre’s and formats for planning literature programs. Early childhood educators can choose literacy programs to involve the community and parents. Programs can include exciting story reading, games, and prizes. Reading programs can leave parent, neighborhood, with a positive experience. Students can experience growth developmentally, cognitively, socially, and emotionally.
Cullinan, B.E. & Galda, L. (2002). Cullinan and galda’s literature and the child. P.8. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. http://libguides.ashland.edu/content.php?pid=35763
Department of Education and Early Childhood Development. (last update, 2013) FUSE: Connect Early Childhood: Stories https://fuse.education.vic.gov.au/child/Pages/stories.aspx
Moorison., G., (2004 a) Kindergarten Education: Learning all you need to know. Early childhoodEducation Today. (9e), pp. 306-337. New Jersey: Upper Saddle River
Moorison G., ( 2004b) Multiculturalism: Education for living in a diverse society. Early
Childhood Education Today. (9e), pp. 442 -460. New Jersey: Upper Saddle River.