Precautionary Measures Before, During, and After an Earthquake
Time is Changing just as Earth is Changing
Time has changed, just as earth is also changing, from the usually calm world to disturbing scenarios caused by different phenomena. Earthquakes, floods, typhoons, hurricanes, tidal waves, and many more natural disasters have perished countless properties and lives. This is why we should always take precautionary measures in order to be safe.
We cannot stop natural occurrences from happening, but we can prepare for them to minimize damages.
Earthquake is one of the cruelest natural disasters that can ravage a place in just a few seconds. It has destroyed millions of properties including lives. And what’s worse, earthquake is very unpredictable.
While we can’t stop an earthquake from happening, we can at least do something to avoid too many damages.
Have you ever experienced an earthquake?
Before an Earthquake
It is always important to be always prepared when a disaster strikes. Earthquakes are unpredictable so we can never tell exactly when it comes. It is like a snake that sneaks on us when we least expect it. The best anti-dote to this is be prepared always.
- Be alert and cautious.
Train yourself not to panic when a sudden tremor is felt. Stay focused, be strong and keep calm so that you can deal with the things around. It is those who panic immediately who are the most affected when an earthquake suddenly occurs.
- Be knowledgeable.
Self-educate yourself about the earthquake. Learn from books, magazines and the internet. It always helps when you know something about the earthquake so that you will know what to do when an earthquake suddenly occurs.
- Join earthquake drills.
Joining earthquake drills will train you to stay focused when earthquake occurs.
- Fasten all appliances.
Get those heavy appliances and furniture fastened on the wall. Remove all heavy materials on cabinets or secure them so that they will not fall
- Be ready for first aid kit.
Make sure to have a first aid kit placed in the most accessible spot at home. This is a very handy tool when something happens. Check the tools in your first aid kit from time to time to make sure that the things inside are all there and still functioning.
- Prepare a survival kit.
Get a sturdy bag and pack it with some survival things like flashlight, something to wear, some foods, water, and footwear. Put this bag with the first aid kit. It’s always good to be ready for any emergency.
During the Earthquake
- First things first. Do not panic. Stay calm so that you can handle things.
- Gather the children and talk to them so that they will not panic. Children panic when they see and feel something dangerous happening. This is why it is important for you to stay as calm as possible.
- Tell everybody to go outside when there is time.
- If you cannot go outside; seek cover under tables, chairs or beds.
- Cover your head while running outside to protect your head from being hit by debris.
- Don’t stay near tall building, walls, and electric posts. Run where there are no tall buildings.
- Lay down on the ground.
- In cases where it is dark, use flashlight not lighter or anything similar because there might be gas leak.
After the Earthquake
- The first thing to do after the earthquake is to check all members of the family. If someone is hurt, apply first aid. This is why the first aid kit is very important.
- If you are outside the house, wait first because there are aftershocks.
- Check for any damage in the house.
- Shut off all electric connections.
- Wear slippers and shoes to avoid getting hurt from debris.
- Avoid all damaged buildings, walls and posts.
- If there are damages in your house, report them immediately and ask help.
- Make sure that there are no damages before switching on your appliances.
Strong earthquakes can cause a lot of damages but if you are prepared, damages and problems could be minimized.
If you have small children around, it is always good to let them know what earthquakes are. Of course, this is done not to scare them but to educate them about the disasters that affect everybody.
In my country, earthquake drills are taught in schools. The Philippines often experiences earthquakes and these drills are very important.