ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Problem Based Learning

Updated on March 25, 2011


What is Problem-based learning? 

Problem-based learning is a new teaching concept. It was meant earlier for higher grades but now it is being used from Pre School or KG level. It involves problems which are often open ended and confusing and students are made to work in groups to solve them. The role of a teacher is very negligible in this method of teaching, he only facilitates the students. Students are for responsible for all the activities. They are to organise their groups and direct them too. Tutor or teacher only help or support them. The method is very helpful and beneficial for the content based information learning and enhances the communication skills along with learning skill.

Process of problem based learning

Motivation based on inquisitiveness is the basic impetus of this learning process which is always related to presentation of a relevant problem. Students are arranged or divided in small groups and a tutor is employed to supervise them who work as facilitator only. A theoretical or a realistic problem is assigned in successive sections. The students work on it inquire about the information required for the solution and understanding of the problem. It is always kept in mind that the problems should resemble the real life situation. The learners discuss it define it and deduce the goals for arranging their work. Afterwards the results are presented and discussed. The students apply their results and solve the given problem. Teacher does not help in solving the problem but only direct the students whenever they deviate from the track of finding the solution. He does not share his knowledge before the problem is solved. Tutors give only their feedback about the working of the groups and individual students after examining the results.

1-Group formation

Group formation is the first and foremost step of this learning. Students are grouped to take responsibility of the certain part of the problem.

2- Initial analysis of the problem.

The second step in the process of problem based learning is the analysis of the problem.

3- Activation of prior knowledge

When the students have recognised and analysed their problem well they activate their prior knowledge through small-group discussion. They exchange their views in the light of their previous knowledge of the issue and discuss the various aspect of the problem. In this way they find a direction and start their journey to the solution of the constructive problem.

4- Elaboration

Elaboration of the problem makes it easier to solve. The students under the instructions of their facilitator do it on the basis of prior knowledge and active processing of new information.

5- Restructuring old and new information

After discussing the problem completely and processing the information the students restructure their knowledge. They include the new information in their prior knowledge.  They construct a semantic network and learn in the given circumstances or situation.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)